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A Bills Path Through Congress
Transcript of A Bills Path Through Congress
BECOMES A LAW
Thank you for your attention!
A rider is a tactic to pass a controversial provision that would not pass as its own bill. It usually has very little connection with the subject matter of the bill.
And one more thing...
A bill can either begin in the House or the Senate.
1. The first step of how a bill becomes a law is that members of Congress, the Executive Branch, and even outside groups can draft up bills. Only members can introduce a bill and it is introduced in the House.
3. Most bills die here but if they are passed, they are then sent to the Rules Committee. The Rules Committee decides the rules for debate and when the bill will come up for debate. The House has floor debates and can add amendments. Then if the majority of the votes is in favor of the bill it goes to the Senate. Whips are party leaders that lean on waverers whose votes are gretaly important to a bill.
5. The Senate Majority Leader decides when the entire Senate will consider the bill. The bill is yet again debated and if the committee majority favors it, then it is returned to the House. Then there will be a committee hearing and if the House rejects the bill, it goes to a conference committee. A conference committee is formed when the Senate and House pass different versions of the bill. The Senate and the House will come to a compromise. Both houses must approve changes made by the conference committee.
2. The Speaker of the House then sends the bill to a committee. Standing committees handle bills in different policy areas. The typical representative served on two committees and four subcommittees. A subcommittee is a smaller unit of a committee, created out of the committee membership.
4. A Senator then introduces the bill and it is sent to a committee. The same routine as in the House is repeated in the Senate, if the committee majority votes for the bill it then goes to the entire Senate. One technique, the filibuster, can be used in the Senate. The opponents of a piece of legislation can talk it to death. However, sixty members present can halt a filibuster by voting for cloture.
6. If the bill is approved it is then sent to the president. The president may sign the bill, which is approving it, or veto (reject) it. If the bill is approved, then it becomes a law. However, if the president vetoes the bill, it can still become law if two thirds of both houses vote to override the veto.