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The Giver (1)

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Transcript of The Giver (1)

Literary Circle:
Reading
Literary elements:

Jonas's world
VS
Your world

Structure of society
Euphemism
A word or a phrase used to avoid saying
an unpleasant or an offensive word.
The Giver


Lois Lowry

Class Agenda:
Friday, 26th of September
Introduction to literature
Literary elements: Setting, Plot, Character, Mood, Theme and Motif
"The Giver"
Who have the right to form such a society?

Setting
Characters
Theme(s)
Mood
Flat VS. Round
Conformity and individualism
Memories
The power of language
.....
.........

Time and location in which a story takes place.
A regulated community in a futuristic society, cut off from the outside world known as "elsewhere".
Occasionally, when supplies were delivered by cargo planes to the landing field across the river, the children rode their bicycles to the riverbank and watched, intrigued, the unloading and then the takeoff directed to the west, always away from the community. (Pg. 1)
What does the community consist of?
The area of dwellings behind him, Jonas rode past the
community structures
, hoping to spot Asher's bicycle parked beside one of the small factories or office buildings. He passed the Childcare Center where Lily stayed after school, and the play areas surrounding it. He rode through the Central Plaza and the Large Auditorium where public meetings were held. (Pg. 27)
Plot
It was one of the rituals, the evening telling of feelings. Sometimes Jonas and his sister, Lily, argued over turns, over who would get to go first. Their parents, of course, were part of the ritual; they, too, told their feelings each evening. (Pg.5)
But suddenly Jonas had noticed, following the path of the apple through the air with his eyes, that the piece of fruit had - well, this was the part that he couldn't adequately understand - the apple had changed. (Pg.24)
Events that make up a story.
But the feelings were clear, and flooded him again now as he thought. "The wanting," he said. "I knew that she wouldn't. And I think I knew that she shouldn't. But I want it so terribly. I could feel the wanting all through me." (Pg. 36)
What are the other rising actions ?
Freytag's pyramid
Protagonist VS. Antagonist
General feelings or atmosphere that the book creates. (Your feelings)
How is mood created?
Central topic(s) of the book.
Motif
Recurring element that has symbolic significance in the story
It was the first thing Jonas noticed as he looked at the newchild peering up curiously from the basket. The pale eyes. (Pg. 20)
The evening proceeded as all evenings did in the family unit, in the dwelling, in the community: quiet, reflective, a time for renewal and preparation for the day to come. It was different only in the addition to it of the newchild with his pale, solemn, knowing eyes. (Pg. 25)
Summarizer
Connector
Literary Luminary
Vocabulary
Enricher
Summarize
the key points, main highlight and general ideas
Find the
connections
between the book and our world.
Your own past experiences
Happenings at school or in the community
Stories in the news
Similar events at other times and places
Other people or problems that you are reminded of
Look for words that have special meanings in the book
(unfamiliar words, repeated words, words with crucial meanings)
.

Locate a few special sections or
quotations
in the text for your group to talk over.
What does this passage reveal about Jonas and his world?
"But there was a little shudder of nervousness when he thought about it, about what might happen.
Apprehensive
, Jonas decided. That's what I am." (Pg.4)
1. Color red
2. Gabriel
3. The sled
4. Pale eyes
5. The river
Symbolism in "The Giver"
On a small scale: Symbols recognized by the people in the community.
Which special type of clothing represents the first sign of independence?

Why does each Nine receive a bicycle?
"The bicycle, at Nine, would be the powerful emblem of moving gradually out into the community, away from the protective family unit." (Pg. 41)
What does "setting" mean?
Time and location in which a story takes place.
A regulated community in a futuristic society, cut off from the outside world known as "elsewhere".
Occasionally, when supplies were delivered by cargo planes to the landing field across the river, the children rode their bicycles to the riverbank and watched, intrigued, the unloading and then the takeoff directed to the west, always away from the community. (Pg. 1)
What does the community consist of?
The area of dwellings behind him, Jonas rode past the
community structures
, hoping to spot Asher's bicycle parked beside one of the small factories or office buildings. He passed the Childcare Center where Lily stayed after school, and the play areas surrounding it. He rode through the Central Plaza and the Large Auditorium where public meetings were held. (Pg. 27)
Setting
Which literary elements help to create the mood in a story?
General feelings or atmosphere that the book creates. (Your feelings)
How is mood created?
Mood
"Jonas had to stop and think it through. "If everything's the same, then there aren't any choices! I want to wake up in the morning and decide things! A blue tunic, or a red one?"

Then he laughed a little. "I know it's not important what you wear. It doesn't matter. But ---"

"It's
the choosing
that's important, isn't it?" The Giver asked him." (Pg.97-98)
"Recurring elements that have symbolic significance in the story" is the definition of .......
Motif
Recurring element that has symbolic significance in the story
It was the first thing Jonas noticed as he looked at the newchild peering up curiously from the basket. The pale eyes. (Pg. 20)
The evening proceeded as all evenings did in the family unit, in the dwelling, in the community: quiet, reflective, a time for renewal and preparation for the day to come. It was different only in the addition to it of the newchild with his pale, solemn, knowing eyes. (Pg. 25)
Plot
It was one of the rituals, the evening telling of feelings. Sometimes Jonas and his sister, Lily, argued over turns, over who would get to go first. Their parents, of course, were part of the ritual; they, too, told their feelings each evening. (Pg.5)
But suddenly Jonas had noticed, following the path of the apple through the air with his eyes, that the piece of fruit had - well, this was the part that he couldn't adequately understand - the apple had changed. (Pg.24)
Events that make up a story.
But the feelings were clear, and flooded him again now as he thought. "The wanting," he said. "I knew that she wouldn't. And I think I knew that she shouldn't. But I want it so terribly. I could feel the wanting all through me." (Pg. 36)
What are the other rising actions ?
Freytag's pyramid
"Now Jonas had a thought that he had never had before. This new thought was frightening. What if others - adults - had, upon becoming Twelves, received in their instructions the same terrifying sentence?

What if they had all been instructed:
You may lie?
"
(Pg. 71)
Which stage of the Freytag's pyramid applies to this extract?
Conflict ***
Conflict = a struggle between two opposing forces :

Good VS. Evil
Protagonist VS. Antagonist
Jonas VS. Exemption from having to tell the truth
"The new Caleb was a
replacement
child. The couple had lost their first Caleb, a cheerful little Four. Loss of a child was very, very rare. The community was
extraordinarily
safe, each citizen watchful and protective of all children. but somehow the first little Caleb had wandered away unnoticed, and had fallen into
the river
." (Pg. 44)
How do you feel about the way people in the community deal with grief?
Does the community encourage a close bond between people?
Find the Analogy:

Stirrings
:

The pill

The loss of a child
:

.....................................

The Murmur-of-Replacement Ceremony
"Now, at this special Naming, the community performed the brief Murmur-of-Replacement Ceremony, repeating the name for the first time since the loss:
softly and slowly at first, then faster with greater volume
, as the couple stood on the stage with the newchild sleeping in the mother's arms. It was as if the first Caleb were returning. " (Pg. 44)
What rituals do we perform in our world?
What are the purposes of these rituals?
" ....she began, looking directly at them, "when we acknowledge differences. You Elevens have spent all your years till now learning to fit in, to standardize your behavior, to curb any impulse that might set you apart from the group.

But today we
honor your differences
. They have determined your futures." (Pg. 51-52)
Does the community really value the differences?
" Snow made growing food difficult, limited the agricultural periods. And unpredictable weather made transportation almost impossible at times. It wasn't a practical thing, so it became obsolete when we went to
Sameness
" (Pg. 83-84)
What could be the philosophy of the people who decided to go for "Sameness"?
"To his surprise, his father began very carefully to direct the needle into the top of the newchild's forehead, puncturing the place where the fragile skin pulsed. The newborn squirmed and wailed faintly." (Pg. 149)
What was the exact reason for releasing one of the twins?
"The worst part of holding the memories is not the pain. It's the loneliness of it.
Memories need to be shared.
" (Pg. 154)
"Listen to me, Jonas. They can't help it.
They knew nothing
." (Pg. 153)
Who are "They" in this sentence?
How do you think Asher or Fiona would feel/think if they found a released child wrapped up in a blanket somewhere?
"When your memories return, they'll need help. Remember how I helped you in the beginning, when the receiving of memories was new to you?" (Pg. 156)
What would be the role of the Giver, if the memories were returned to the community?
"Rosemary"
"Jonas interrupted him with a question. Can you tell me her name? My parents said that it
wasn't to be spoken again

in the community. But couldn't you say it just to me?

"Her name was Rosemary" He told Jonas, finally."
(Pg. 140)
"Rosemary had only those five weeks' worth, and most of them were good ones, But there were those few terrible memories, the ones that had overwhelmed her. For a while they overwhelmed the community.
All those feelings!
They'd never experienced that before." (Pg. 144)
Can you draw a conclusion why her name is not to be spoken again?
rejection of her name = rejection of unpleasant experience.
Although the community emphasizes
"precision of language",
it is built upon a language that is not precise, but deliberately
clouds
meaning.
release
Assignment
Nurturer
Birthmother
Stirrings
replacement child
Elsewhere

How does Jonas's community use euphemism to distance itself from the realities of their world?
"Lily was deep in thought. "What if they give the little twin a name Elsewhere, a name like, oh, maybe Jonathan? And here, in our community, at his naming, the twin that we kept here is given the name Jonathan, and then there would be two children with the same name and they would look exactly the same.... " (Pg. 137
)
"He pushed firmly again at the pedal with foot and continued riding along the road. It was not safe to spend time looking back. He thought of the rules he had broken so far: enough that if he were caught, now, he would be condemned. " (Pg. 165)
Jonas is making a choice for himself.
Will the community suffer from this?
"You have never been starving, he had been told. If he had stayed in the community, he would not be. It was as simple as that. Once he had yearned for choice. Then, when he had had a choice, he had made the wrong one: the choice to leave. And now he was starving.

But if he had stayed.....

If he had stayed, he would have starved in other ways. He would have lived a life hungry for feelings, for color, for love."

And Gabriel? For Gabriel there would have been no life at all. So there had not really been a choice." (Pg. 173)
What do we learn from this extract?
Ambiguous ending
Optimistic VS Pessimistic


How do you categorise characters?
Full transcript