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Technology in the Classroom
Transcript of Technology in the Classroom
By: Kara Tansey
Definition of Technology
*Purpose is to highlight the importance of incorporating technology as an instructional strategy to fit the needs of the 21st century learners in classrooms today.
*Wiles, Bondi, and M.. Tillier Bondi (2006) identify technology as "a network of networks that connects computers around the world into one global communication system" (p.171).
*4 Research Questions:
a) effectiveness of online learning compared to face-to-face learning
b) supplementing face-to-face instruction with online instruction to enhance learning
c) practices that are associated with more effective online learning
d) conditions that influence instructional means
RESULTS: Combination of elements in treatments proved best results. However, online learning is much more conducive to the expansion of learning time
U.S. Department of Evaluation of Online Learning (2010)
*Srivastava and Gray (2012) compared influence of computer-based text to paper-based text
*Is there a change in comprehension?
*Students both with special needs and general education students participated.
*FINDINGS: The students with disabilities did perform slower; however, for reading and answering times for all students there was no significant difference
Computer vs. Paper, which is best?
Role of ICT: digital, face-to-face, or both?
-Aydemir and Ozturk (2012) conducted a research study to see if reading off a screen instead of a book would be more motivational for students in their reading and comprehension.
-How it was conducted: text from a book was typed into the computer for the experimental group and the other group read from a printed book.
1. 21st century learning will involve instant messaging and obtaining information by blogging and following online images and sounds in addition to using text.
2. Results actually decreased (visuals were not animated, not a pleasurable activity, decline in motivation since it was a new reading strategy)
Reading Re-defined for Students and Teachers:
*Think about what reading looks like to you....
-(graphics, sounds, symbols, paper, or digital)
-*Can technology enhance or distract the learning experience of students?
-Lamb (2011) found that over reliance on audio, bells-and-whistles features that distract readers and unsignificant eye candy can divert attention and cause readers to lose their focus
-**Teachers need to be mindful of the technology used
Always think: What is the purpose of this technology, is it helping or hindering my students?
*Although we wish we could be as technologically advanced as the Mr. Inspector Gadget's and Miss Frizzle's of the world, teachers require ongoing professional development in order to meet the needs of their students
-Graves, Sales, Lawrenz, Robelia, and Richardson (2010) conducted a study where one group implemented a reading program with lots of technology present to be taught to both students and teachers where the control group just used a traditional reading program
1. Both the teachers and the students that were coached and given consistent professional development scored higher.
Role of Information and Communication Technology (ICT)
-Xiaoqing, Yuankun, and Xiafeng (2013) conducted a research study where they addressed the differences in value of teacher and student views of technology
1. behaviors can be a cause in their own beliefs of technology
2. lack of confidence, competence, negative attitudes, resistance
1. adept to the incoming new technology, adapt easily
2. computer is the "child's machine"
*Predictors of technology incorporation:
1. outcome expectancy
2. task technology fit
3. social influence
4. personal factor
Does technology assist in motivating students?
Effectiveness of Professional Development for Educators
-Another research study compared paper based versus computer based learning for programs, Dundar and Akcayir (2012)
-Compared the effectiveness and noted that there were no significant differences between the groups in reading speed or level of comprehension.
*Noted that for those who use computer based technologies that people tend to have a habit of browsing through and not understanding the key details of the text, compared to that of a book.
*computers can cause eye tiredness due to brightness of the screen
*ability to touch the computer like a book (not all classrooms have enough $ for Ipads)
-What I feel is missing from the research is that why are teachers not being held accountable for the incorporation of technology in their classrooms if it has proven to be so effective? (lack of professional development, or stuck in old ways?)
*As teachers we need to be cognizant of the society we live in to prepare our students to be successful adults