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Topic Sentences

Originally for Lesson 10, Extended Essay
by

Allain Daigle

on 5 March 2014

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Transcript of Topic Sentences

Argumentative
Topic Sentences

What is your Main Idea?
A topic sentence contains a main idea: a complete thought.

Topic sentences are clear and direct.

Topic sentences prepare your reader for the upcoming paragraph.
How can you add description?
What is the contrast/context for your topic sentence?
Can you state your topic sentence with creative language?
EXAMPLES

MAIN IDEA
TOPIC SENTENCE

MAIN IDEA
TOPIC SENTENCE
Amelie is the best film.
Amelie is the best film.

Public transportation is important.
Public transportation is important.
EXAMPLES

MAIN IDEA
TOPIC SENTENCE

MAIN IDEA
TOPIC SENTENCE
Amelie is the best film.
Amelie is the best romantic comedy.

Public transportation is important.
Public transportation is especially important in New York City.
Good topic sentences add description.

This description is relevant to your main idea and does not change it.

Description can be precise and add more color to your topic.
EXAMPLES

MAIN IDEA
TOPIC SENTENCE



MAIN IDEA
TOPIC SENTENCE
Amelie is the best film.
Compared to the banal chatter in most American romantic comedies, Audrey Tatou's dialogue is unexpectedly quiet and intimate.

Public transportation is important.
While individual transportation offers more freedom, public transportation significantly diminishes traffic in downtown New York City.
Context and contrast indicates you have a thorough understanding of your topic.

Be careful and make sure the contrast does not distract from your main idea.

Have your main idea in the second half of the sentence.

Use transitionary language such as "although", "while", or "even though".
What are your supporting points?
Supporting points give a brief overview of your upcoming paragraph.

They prepare the reader for the upcoming onslaught of information.

Be sure that your support points do not change your main idea.
EXAMPLES

MAIN IDEA
TOPIC SENTENCE



MAIN IDEA
TOPIC SENTENCE
Amelie is the best film.
Amelie is the best romantic comedy because the stylized dialogue allows for fantasy to exist alongside emotional realism.

Public transportation is important.
Public transportation is important in New York City because it cuts down on traffic, increases energy savings, and decreases the level of harmful emissions.
Does your topic sentence contrast and provide supporting evidence?
This sentence shows an understanding of context and a strong grasp of paragraph structure.

Follow the contrasting statement with the main idea.

Copy supporting points to support the main idea!
EXAMPLES

MAIN IDEA
TOPIC SENTENCE



MAIN IDEA
TOPIC SENTENCE
Amelie is the best film.
Compared to banal American romantic comedies, Amelie's stylized dialogue allows for fantasy to exist alongside emotional realism.

Public transportation is important.
Although individual transportation provides more freedom, New York City's public transportation cuts down on traffic, increases energy savings, and decreases the level of harmful emissions.
Once you have a strong command of your main idea, context, and supporting evidence, find a way to creatively express these ideas in a way that compels the reader to care about your essay!
EXAMPLES

MAIN IDEA
TOPIC SENTENCE





MAIN IDEA
TOPIC SENTENCE
Amelie is the best film.
Compared to the formulaic and punchline-driven romance of American romantic comedies, the conversational dialogue of Audrey Tatou's quirky heroine emphasizes the very human emotional stakes of an otherwise nostalgic and stylized romance.

Public transportation is important.
While suburban America was built on the values of independence and freedom, the public transportation of New York City reflects positive community consciousness in its infrastructural support of low traffic, energy savings, and low toxic emissions.
Example 1





Those who tried to flee Europe often found that they were not permitted to enter their destination because of strict immigration policies. Already a large and diverse city with a substantial foreign population, Shanghai was the only city with no entry visa requirements for Jewish refugees. A significant number of Jews sought refuge in Shanghai. Roughly 14,000 Jews from Austria and Germany arrived between 1938 and 1940, and around 1000 Jews from Poland arrived in 1941.
During the Second World War and in the years leading up to the war, millions of Jews in Europe were persecuted and killed by the forces of Nazi Germany.
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