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Probability (Kiowa Six-Math)

An education resource that focuses on the mural in the Oklahoma Judicial Center created by Kiowa artists Tsatoke and Asah. Lesson about probability.

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Transcript of Probability (Kiowa Six-Math)

OKLAHOMA CITY, OKLAHOMA JUDICIAL CENTER ARTISTS MURAL Built in 1930, the granite and limestone building first housed the Oklahoma Historical Society. By 1934, OHS was responsible for taking in all Indian Agency records, and appropriated time, space, and money for their care. Years later, OHS outgrew the space and moved to a newly constructed building. It underwent a renovation and the State Supreme Court and Court of Criminal Appeals moved in from their home in the capitol. A large American Indian art collection is found within the Judicial Center, including original work by the Kiowa Six. The Kiowa Six was a group of American Indian artists active in the 20th century. All six were born in Oklahoma and were of Kiowa heritage. Auchiah, Asah, Smoky, Mopope, and Hokeah attended St. Patrick's Mission School, the longest running Oklahoma Native American school. Those five received formal art training from Sister Mary Olivia Taylor. Field Matron Susie Peters started an art club to give the Kiowas another avenue of artistic development. Peters continued to campaign for their instruction, convincing Oscar Jacobson at the University of Oklahoma to create a special program for the promising Kiowas. He gave them studio space, instruction, and then promoted their work to the point of international acclaim. Several of the Kiowa artists took part in New Deal commissions, including the Judicial Center murals. The six artists are known for their art that celebrates Native American culture, imagery, and symbology. < Kiowa, 1920
Monroe TsaToke

This Kiowa dancer is wearing ceremonial regalia particular to the 1920s-40s, featuring eagle feathers, bells, and a quill crest. This outfit is what one of the Kiowa 6 might have worn to a powwow. This Cheyenne holds a calumet, or ceremonial pipe. These pipes are used to seal covenants or in religious ceremonies. This figure could possibly be High Backed Wolf, part of the first Cheyenne delegation to Washington D.C. 1832 marks the year of the Stokes Commission.

Cheyenne, 1832
Monroe TsaToke
1934 > < Kiowa, 1832
Monroe TsaToke

This figure is likely a Kiowa chief. He holds a shield depicting a family design, and a war club. A buffalo robe is draped over his shoulder. It is possible that this may be a representation of Dohosan, the man responsible for uniting the Kiowa and leading the tribe for over 30 years. These figures represent a traditional Kiowa woman and child at the turn of the 20th century. Cradleboards were still widely in use. 1900 marks the first time Native Americans were included in a U.S. census.

Kiowa, 1900
Monroe TsaToke
1934 > < SHIELDS

The specific symbolism regarding the shields is unknown, but it is possible they had a personal connection to the artist, > < Comanche, 1880
Monroe TsaToke

This figure has been identified to be Quanah Parker, a leader of the Comanche beginning in the 1860s. Parker was an advocate for the Native American Church. His accoutrements underscore this connection. This Osage warrior is wearing typical summer wear of leggings and breechcloth. The artist might have found the inspiration for this figure from George Catlin's work at Fort Gibson. The date refers to a treaty that removed the warring Osage tribe from reservation lands held by other tribes.

Osage, 1839
Monroe TsaToke
1934 > < Choctaw, 1843
Spencer Asah

This man is wearing a Choctaw ball game regulation uniform. Players were barefoot, clad in a breechcloth held up by a beaded belt, a 'tail' made of horsehair and quills, and a 'mane' of horsehair. The 'socks' and 'gloves' are painted on. This 'game' was used to settle disputes within the tribe. Catlin painted a similar figure in 1834.

This figure is the only non-Plains Indian. The Secotan tribe was based in North Carolina, and is thought to be one of the tribes that interacted with the Roanoke colony.

Secotan, 1650
Spencer Asah

WE WOULD APPRECIATE ANY FEEDBACK YOU WOULD LIKE TO GIVE BY TAKING THE FOLLOWING SURVEY: http://bit.ly/YGbR1Z back to the mural http://bit.ly/10zZR9I probability pond plinko toads and vines http://bit.ly/10zZRX9 http://bit.ly/10zZRq8 Learn the basics of probability. Use probability to solve problems. See how variables can change the probability of an outcome. Many current perceptions of Native American tribes are related to casinos and gambling. Due to laws governing reservations, tribes are able to build casinos on their land. The money earned helps support the tribe, its people, and even the surrounding area. More about that here: http://bit.ly/X8Si1i

Yet many people do not realize that American Indians have a long history of playing both games of chance and skill: http://bit.ly/X8T5iI RELEVANT PLACES First, try to beat the odds. how to win a car http://bit.ly/SwZGY7 Then watch the following explanation video.
Also, read how pigeons are smarter than people. http://1.usa.gov/Sx02hg Woolaroc is a museum and wildlife preserve, created by Frank Phillips in 1925 as a ranch retreat.

The museum has an extensive collection of Native American art and artifacts. http://bit.ly/Sxloew The Gilcrease Museum is located in Tulsa, Oklahoma.

It is renowned for its Western art collection, including vast amounts of American Indian art and artifacts. http://bit.ly/V51ILT We would like to extend our everlasting gratitude to several staff members of the Oklahoma History Center for their work in uncovering the mystery of the Kiowa mural. Jeff Briley and Matt Reed gave wonderful insight into the identity of the figures, while Mary Lee's research into the past of the mural was incredibly enlightening. We are so excited to finally have a thorough interpretation of the mural!

Also, we would like to recognize Justice Yvonne Kauger for her tireless work in creating and expanding the Native American art collection.

Thank you! more about the Kiowa artists: http://bit.ly/149pX29 http://bit.ly/149q39Z The Jacobson House - Oklahoma Today, 23.1 - MATH
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