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Burning Facts

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by

Giuli Ma

on 2 October 2014

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Transcript of Burning Facts

Burning
Facts
The Sun
Proper Application:
Two types of UV radiation
UVA & UVB
Skin sensitivity to UV rays varies according to different skin types.
Sunburned skin vs. Normal Burns
UVA and UVB Rays
"I use sunscreen because it completely protects me from the sun" ...
"Why would I wear sunscreen when it's cloudy?"
"I hate the stickiness of sunscreen, that is why I wear long sleeves"
"I always reapply sunscreen after going in the water"
Protection
UVA rays penetrate deep into the skin and contribute to premature aging.
UVB rays affect the surface of the skin and cause sunburns and promote the development of skin cancer.
How to protect yourself properly from the sun: Multidimensional Strategy
#1 -
Being Informed:
Read Labels on your sunscreen







#2 -
Reapplication:
When and Why should we reapply sunscreen?
-> Why? Sunscreen is a lotion of
ingredients
that "HELP" protect us from the sun.. it is NOT a permanent shield
-> When? After swimming, sweating, or drying off with a towel (
on average, every 2 hours reapply
)


Skin types and sensitivity
What skin type are you?
Sunburns vs. Normal Burns
Sunburns can mutate regular skin cells that will replicate and eventually lead to skin cancer.
Regular burns also damage skin cells but they do not mutate them.
Skin Cancer

What is it?
Actinic keratosis
Types of skin cancer:
1. Basal Cell Carcinoma
2. Melanoma
3. Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Dysplastic Nevi (similar to melanoma)



Did you know?
Different sunscreens have different forms of application
#1 Buy Proper Sunscreen
Personal Preference:

Cream, gel, lotion, lip balm, oil, spray, & sticks
Type of Activity:
High Elevations?
Reflective Surfaces?
Water?
Perspiration?
Outdoor Activities?
Duration?
Sport?
PRECAUTIONS:
Skin Allergies
Irritated or Open Skin
Age
American Academy of Dermatology
Recommends:
Choose sunscreen that has an
SPF of 30 or higher
, is water resistant, & provides broad-spectrum coverage
SPF?
#2 Properly Read the Label
Broad Spectrum?
Ingredients?
Allergies?
Insect repellant?
Water Resistant?
Re-application?
#3 Proper Application
Apply Generously on Body:
Sunscreens should be applied uniformly and thickly to all exposed skin surfaces
#3 Proper Application Continued...
After moisturizer; Before Make-up.
Apply on area of lightly or fully exposed Skin
Apply on ears, neck, feet & hands.
Ask for assistance in hard to reach places
#4 Wait Proper time for Sunscreen to be absorbed & create the Protective Layer
#5 Re-Apply Sunscreen as directed
Main Ingredients in Sunscreen
Damaging effects on the skin
Types of Skin Cancer
Basal cell carcinoma
Melanoma
Squamous cell carcinoma
2.
Ask yourself these questions
.
Does this product cause harmful exposure to UV radiation?
Are the ingredients sufficient to skin protection?
Are there substances that can cause skin allergies (itching an rashes)?
Before you buy any sunscreen product.


1. Look at the products ingredients.



3. Research which ingredients are essential/ non essential
Essential ingredients
(contributor):

Zinc Oxide
or
Titanium Dioxide
- protects against UV radiation and causes no allergic reaction.
Non-essential ingredients
(pose a threat)
:
Retinyl Palamite
(Vitamin A)-
aids in decreasing aging effects, however, it causes free radicals to be release in the body and promotes tumor growth.
4. Compare the products to find better results.
How to read sunscreen labels
Sunscreen labels have changed!
When selecting sunscreen, make sure the label says :
Broad spectrum
SPF
Water resistant
Look for the words
broad spectrum
Will protect against both harmful UV rays that can cause sunburn,premature skin aging, and skin cancer.
Look for the words
water resistant
:
Sunscreen will be effective even if the skin gets wet
Sunscreen cannot be waterproof or sweat proof
Reapply
Sun Protecting Factor (
SPF
)
Select a sunscreen with an SPF rating of 30 or higher
Protect your lips!
Sunscreen
Main Ingredients in Sunscreen
Sunscreen VS. Sunblock
Selecting Sunscreen
Key Words
Key Words
Key Words
There's A Difference???
Sunscreen
Filters or "screens" some rays, but not all of them
Contains ingredients that absorb some sun rays before they penetrate the skin
Sunblock
Physically reflects rays from the skin "blocking" them from penetrating the skin
Blocks both UVA and UVB rays
What About Cloudy Days?
Do I Really Need Sunscreen??
Regardless of the presence of clouds, UV rays are still present
Clouds can diminish or
intensify

the affect of UV rays

Built in sunscreen proof clothing (AMAZING I KNOW)
UPF (Ultraviolet Protection Factors) built into each inch of the fabric
Coolibar, Solumbra
What about a normal long sleeve?
Hat wear: wide brim style hats
Glasses
Laundry Aid? Example: SunGuard
Protective Gear
Will any protective clothing work for me and how can I test it?
Always remember or you'll end up like him!
Burning Fact: Sunscreen is just "a filter... Even with proper sunscreen use, some rays get through" (skincancer.org). The combination of sunscreen, protective wear, umbrellas, sunglasses, and more are essential for complete UV ray protection.
Burning fact: Most skin cancers are associated with
ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun or tanning beds.
A tan is essentially your skin cells screaming, ‘Ouch!’
Even scarier, doing damage to your skin can
actually be addictive.
"I don't burn, I tan.
I don't need sunscreen"
References
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
http://www2.epa.gov/sunwise/action-steps-sun-safety
Food and Drug Administration
http://www.fda.gov/drugs/resourcesforyou/consumers/buyingusingmedicinesafely/understandingover-the-countermedicines/ucm239463.htm
Cancer Research UK
http://www.cancerresearchuk.org
"How The Sun Sees You" by Thomas Leveritt
Beautiful With Brains
http://beautifulwithbrains.com/2011/07/25/what-are-the-best-sunscreen-ingredients/
The Trouble with Sunscreen Chemicals
http://www.ewg.org/2014sunscreen/the-trouble-with-sunscreen-chemicals/

The Scary sunscreen Ingredients and 6 Safe Spf Products
http://www.womenshealthmag.com/beauty/6-scary-sunscreen-ingredients-and-6-safe-spf-products
How to read the new sunscreen labels
http://www.aad.org/dermatology-a-to-z/health-and-beauty/general-skin-care/sun-protection/sunscreen-labels
How Sunlight Damages the Skin
http://www.skincancer.org/prevention/sun-protection/for-your-eyes/how-sunlight-damages-the-eyes
Organizations Endorsing SunAWARE
http://www.sunaware.org/
Burning Fact: Dangerous UV rays go right through clothing! Unless your shirt is SPF certified, a long sleeve shirt is not enough to protect an individual from a sun burn.
Burning fact: Anyone over the age of six months should
use sunscreen daily. Just one serious sunburn in your life
increases your risk of getting skin cancer by 50 percent.
I'll protect you!
Fantastic idea! Sunscreen should be reapplied after an individual goes swimming, sweats, dries off with a towel, or has been in the sun for more than 2 hours
(skincancer.org).
Always Reapply!
By: The Immuners
Full transcript