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Transcript of Tuskegee Airmen
The Tuskegee Airmen is the popular name of a group of African American pilots who fought in World War II. Formally, they were the 332nd Fighter Group and the 477th Bombardment Group of the U.S. Army Air Corps.
When did the U.S Govenrment create the Tuskegee Airmen
The Tuskegee Airmen were the first African American military aviators in the United States armed forces. During World War II, African Americans in many U.S. states still were subject to the Jim Crow laws. The American military was racially segregated, as was much of the federal government. The Tuskegee Airmen were subject to racial discrimination, both within and outside the army. Despite these adversities, they trained and flew with distinction. Primarily made up of African Americans, there were also five Tuskegee Airmen that were of Haitian descent
Before 1940, African Americans were barred from flying for the U.S. military. Civil rights organizations and the black press exerted pressure that resulted in the formation of an all African-American pursuit squadron based in Tuskegee, Alabama, in 1941. They became known as the Tuskegee Airmen.
Why did the U.S Government create the Tuskegee Aimen?
Where did the train?
Where did they fight?
They trained in The Tuskegee Airmen trained in Tuskegee Alabama.
In Europe and the Mediteranian Areas.
The Tuskegee Airmen were formed into the 332nd Fighter Group that was part of fighter escort for the 15th Air Force located in Italy. Their fighters escorted bombers on missions that flew to Germany, Austria and probably other bordering countries.
Another group of Tuskegee Airman were organized into a Medium Bomber squadron and trained on B-25's. This unit never left the USA and did not go into combat. This was partially due to a mutiny by the crewmembers.
What did the Tuskegee Airmen accomplish?
The Tuskegee Airmen were credited by higher commands with the following accomplishments:
15,533 combat sorties, 311 missions
112 German aircraft destroyed in the air, another 150 on the ground
950 railcars, trucks and other motor vehicles destroyed
One destroyer sunk
A good record of protecting U.S. bombers,losing only 25 on hundreds of missions.
By: Ronisha Terrell
Mr.Lewis 5th period class