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International Adoption for Incoming Children to the US
Transcript of International Adoption for Incoming Children to the US
Intercountry adoption in the US began shortly after World War 2
Short-term phase initially
Repeated itself after the Korean War
Increase in the late 1960's
Could be attributed to the civil rights movement (Altstein & Simon, 1991)
Numbers in intercountry adoption have decreased significantly since 2004 (Brumble & Kampfe, 2010) .
NASW Code of Ethics for Child Welfare
“Social workers in child welfare shall seek to advocate for resources and system reforms that will improve services for children, youths, and families” (NASW, 2013 p. 15).
“Social workers in child welfare shall engage families, immediate or extended, as partners in the process of assessment, intervention, and reunification efforts” (NASW, 2013 p. 21).
1. Identify the problem- Quality of Life VS Quality of Life and Self-determination
2. Issues involved- either slowing down adoption or risking corrupt practice
3. Codes of Ethics- State that professionals should advocate for the children (NASW, 2013)
4. Laws- Mandated reporters must take action
5. Consultation- Liz Roland: Adoption Coordinator at Heartsent (Personal communication, November 17th, 2013).
6. Course of action- Enforce The Hague Convention more; enforce it less
7. Consequences- Adoption becoming inaccessible; the chance of more corruption
8. Best course of action: Encourage the Hague Convention's standards while still making adoption accessible to the right families
May not seem like it, but the decline in international adoptions the US could be GOOD!
Could mean they are being more thorough and taking longer, which is necessary
Ethical adoption cases can (and will) still happen!
The Hague Convention seeks to set standards for how adoption is carried out
Should be supported and given advice to improve, not criticized!
In ideal situations, can provide a loving home to a child in need
Brings diversity to families
Strict regulations can make the process longer and less accessible
International Adoption: The Benefits
International Adoption: The Untold Stories
Incorrrect use of money
High programs fees sometimes not monitored correctly (Herrmann, 2010).
International Adoption: The Untold Stories
Cases of lying to biological parents to give up children (Graff, 2008)
Saying they can have their child back at any time
Free education in the US
The Hague Convention
A set of ethical adoption standards that accredited countries must abide by (using their own government authorities)
83 countries are Hague accredited, including the US
The number of US international adoptions declined significantly from 2005 to 2009 due to the impact of the Hague Convention (Quiroz, 2011)
Difficult to become accredited
Christian Beliefs and Values
Christians tend to think very positively of international adoption
Christians involved in adoption are often uninformed about corrupt practices
Scripture and Adoption
Proverbs 31:8-9, “Speak up for those who cannot speak for themselves, for the rights of all who are destitute. Speak up and judge fairly; defend the rights of the poor and needy” (NIV).
Matthew 18:5, “And whoever welcomes one such child in my name welcomes me” (NIV).
Mark 10:14, “But when Jesus saw it, he was indignant and said to them, ‘Let the children come to me; do not hinder them, for to such belongs the kingdom of God’” (ESV).
Corey, Corey and Callanan (1998)
Scenario: Tarikuma Lemma
CNN story titled “International Adoption: Saving Orphans or Child Trafficking?”
Stolen along with sisters from birth parents in Ethiopia
Adoptive family was told parents died of AIDS
Moved from home to home until legally became an adult
"I wanted to escape from the people I felt had kidnapped us from our homeland, our culture and our family," (Voigt, 2013, p. 1).
Altstein, H., & Simon, R.J. (1991). Intercountry adoption: A multinational perspective. New York: Praeger
[Arundohle], (2012, May 29). Cambodia Adoption Scandal. Retrieved from youtube
Brumble, K., & Kampfe, C. M. (2011). The history of adoption in the United States: A focus on the unique group of intercountry transracial special needs children. Counselling Psychology Quarterly, 24(2), 157-162. doi:10.1080/09515070.2011.586413
[Bothendsburinginc], (2010, November 10). Adoption Crisis. Retrieved from youtube
Herrmann, K. (2010). Reestablishing the Humanitarian Approach to Adoption: The Legal and Social Change Necessary to End the Commodification of Children. Family Law Quarterly, 44(3), 409-428.
Holt, B. (1956). The seed from the east. Eugene, OR: Holt International Children’s Services.
E.J. Graff, The Lie we Love, Foriegn Policy, Nov.-Dec. 2008, p. 58.
Quiroz, P. (2011). Restorative justice and the impact of the Hague Convention on US transnational adoption. Contemporary Justice Review, 14(4), 407-424. doi:10.1080/10282580.2011.616371
National Association of Social Workers. (approved 1996, revised 1999). Code of Ethics of the National Association of Social Workers. [italicize the title] Washington, DC: Author.
Roland, L. (2013, November 17). Telephone interview.
Voigt, K. (2013, September 18). International adoption: Saving orphans or child trafficking? CNN. Available at http://www.cnn.com/2013/09/16/world/international-adoption-saving-orphans- child-trafficking/ Accessed: 11/10/13