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european feminist movement
Transcript of european feminist movement
Every organization work has imprint of many people and this work is no different.
This work gives us an opportunity to express deep gratitude for the same. As students of Mass Media and as a part of curriculum, we present a study of a Sociology.
First and foremost we would like to take this opportunity to thank Usha Pravin Gandhi College of Management for giving us our Research and Development Project and all the necessary assistance to conduct this particular
In particular we extend our special thanks to Professor Manisha Waghani for giving us the opportunity to show our work and also for initiating such an exercise in our academic year.
Thankyou. WHAT IS FEMINISM? A response to the society's assumptions that women should be subserivant to men.
Untill the feminism emerged in 18th century,women were treated as objects,passive agents in a male world.
This theory pre-supposes that women suffer from various forms of explicit and implicit discrimination
The feminist movement refers to :-
a series of campaigns for reforms on issues such as reproductive rights .
sexual violence. THE FEMINIST MOVEMENT The movement began in the western world in the late 18th century and has gone through three waves:-
First-wave feminism was oriented around the station of middle- or upper-class white women and involved suffrage and political equality.
Second-wave feminism attempted to further combat social and cultural inequalities.
Third-wave feminism full citation needed includes renewed campaigning for women’s greater influence in politics. HISTORY CAUSES Over the course of the 1970s, a large variety of influential women accepted lesbianism and bisexuality as part of feminism As a result, a significant proportion of feminists favored this view, however, others considered sexuality irrelevant to the attainment of other goals. Sexuality, sexual representation, the role of transwomen in the lesbian community, and other sexual issues arose within the feminist debates known as the feminist sex wars. Opinions on the sex industry are diverse. Feminists are generally either critical of it or supportive of at least parts of it. Sex industry The debate pitted anti-pornography feminism against sex-positive feminism, and parts of the feminist movement were deeply divided by these debates. Pornography PROSTITUTION AND TRAFFICKING Only female sex workers were exploited and sexually abused by the legal system.
Women were forced into physical trafficking. The feminist movement affected change in Western Society including women's suffrage,the right to initiate divorce proceedings and " no fault" divorce. EFFECTS Build new alliances and networks OBJECTIVES The European Feminist Forum opted to build new diverse,
open and open and fluid alliances. Facilitate East-West dialogue They opted to enhance the dialogue between feminists from east and west. Discuss racism and xenophobia in the context of migration A feminist Forum in Europe is pre-eminently fit to work on strategies towards an inclusive Europe. JERMY BENTHAM:-The English utilitarian and classical liberal philosopher Jeremy Bentham spoke for a complete equality between sexes including the right to vote and to participate in the government, and opposed the strongly different sexual moral standards to women and men. PEOPLE INVOLVED Marquis de Condorcet :The mathematician, classical liberal politician,was a fierce defender of human rights, including the equality of women and the abolition of slavery, already on the 1780s. He advocated women's suffrage for the new government, writing an article for Journal de la Société de 1789. FLORENCE NIGHTINGLE :Women had all the potential of
men but none of the opportunities.
Florence also portrayed the plight that women of talent
and determination faced during the mid-1850s.
Other important writers of the time included Catherine Macaulay who argued in 1790 that the apparent weakness of women was caused by their miseducation. The causes and consequences of feminist consciousness among western european women -CLYDE WILCOX.
Feminism is out -EUROPE TIMES.
A new wave of feminism is sweeping Europe in response to assaults on social programs -NEW YORK TIMES(Nov 16, 2003). ARTICLES REGARDING FEMINIST MOVEMENT The feminine ideal
19th-century feminists reacted not only to the injustices they saw but also against the increasingly suffocating Victorian image of the "proper" role of women and their "sphere" The problems of feminists ranging from medivial to mordern Europe in urban and rural sectors.
Feminism consists of cultural, material, liberal, eco and radical feminism.
CAUSES AND SUCCESSES OF THE FEMINIST MOVEMENET OF EUROPE ALSO INCLUDED :-
Equal pay for equal work laws
Diminishment of mandatory gender roles
Sexual assault and harrasment laws CONCLUSION ITS VERY EASY TO HATE A NAZI,A GAURDIAN IN A GULAG. BUT THE REAL DANGER IS NOT THEM.ITS THE DECENT PEOPLE WHO COMPROMISE WITH EVIL.
(Europe times) 1867:The London Society for women's suffrage.
1870:The Married Women's Property Act.
1906:The National Federation of Women Workers.
1907:Qualification of Women's Act.
1920:The Sex Discrimination Removal Act.
1922: The Law Of Property Act.
1956:The Sexual Offenses Act. IMPORTANT EVENTS JOSEPHINE BUTLER
Campaigns gave women the opportunity to test their new political skills and to join forces with other social reforms groups.
Women in general were outraged by the inherent equity of the legislation and women in large numbers took up the rights of prostitutes for the 1st time.
The prominent critics included Blackwell,Nightingale,Martineau and Elizabeth Wolstenholme.
Josephine Butler already experienced in prostitution issues, a charismatic leader and a seasoned campaigner.
On a smaller scale was Annie Besant's campaign for the rights of match girls and against the appalling conditions under which they worked demonstrated how to raise public concern over social issues. WOMEN'S CAMPAIGN