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Types of Government

Ms. Gutsell World Studies
by

Mia Gutsell

on 27 September 2016

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Transcript of Types of Government

Types of Government
Power and Authority
Power: the capacity or ability to direct the behavior of others or the course of events.

Authority: a person or organization that has a control in a particular, typically political organization, or group.
Differences in Government
The way a ruler is chosen.
The way an individual can participate within a government.
The ways laws, proclamations or other legally binding actions are decided upon.
The expected responsibilities of the government.
A territory considered as an organized political community under one government: This can take many different forms.
The State
What is Government?
The controlling body of a
Nation
State
Community
Monarchy
A type of government ruled by a central figure chosen through family bonds. Potential rulers include:
King / Queen
Emperor / Empress
Divine right, or religious privilege can be invoked to explain rule.
Aristocracy
A form of government in which power is held by the nobility, or upper classes.
Plato and Aristotle, Greek philosophers, thought of it originally as rule of the best.
Three Key Qualities:
Wealth is inherited, not earned.
Related by marriage or blood
Considered the best.
Pre-revolutionary France is an example of aristocracy since the monarchy was losing power at that point in time.
Direct Democracy
Every individual or citizen is given a right to vote or decide upon matters related to the group's survival.

Works only in small groups.
Indirect Democracy (Republic)
Citizens or individuals vote for representatives to decide the outcome of governmental actions.

Most modern democracies are republics.
Dictatorship
Rule by one individual with total power
over a government, state, or group.
Theocracy
A religious body rules the government.
Pope Alexander VI, one of the Borgia popes ruled Rome all but in name during the 15th century.
Oligarchy
Rule by a few, usually the upper classes, but not necessarily the nobility. These individuals are not necessarily considered the best rulers.
Three key qualities:
Upper class earn wealth
NOT
related
NOT
the best
Plutocracy
Rule of the wealthy. Often overlaps with an oligarchy, aristocracy, and monarchy.
Types of Government
Its variations and underpinning values.
Literally means
"Rule by the people"
Democracy
Full transcript