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grace clokie

on 12 March 2014

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Transcript of Haida

The Haida indians are original people of the Northwest Coasts. Their homelands are the islands near the Coast of Southern Alaska and Northwest British Columbia, particularity the Haida Gwaii archipelago and Prince of Wales Island.

Where do Haida's live
Haida fisherman used harpoon,bone fishhooks,and wooden fish traps. Hunters used bows and arrows,and trappers used snares. In war,Haida men fired their bows or fought with spears and war clubs. Some Haida warriors wore bulky armor made of wooden rods lashed together to protect themselves from enemy archers.
Weapons and Tools
Haida men wore breech cloths and long clooks.Women wore knee-length skirts and poncho-like caps
Almost all Haida people speak English today but some Haidas especially elders also speak in their native Haida language . Haida is a compticated language. With many sounds that don't exist in English.
What was Haida transportation before cars?
Population: 4,761 (2008)
Province: British Columbia
Did they paddle canoes?
Yes--the Haida Indian tribe was well-known for their large dugout canoes, which they made by hollowing out cedar logs. A Haida canoe could be more than sixty feet long and was built to withstand stormy waves. Even other Northwest Coast Indian tribes, who all made impressive canoes, admired the canoes of the Haida carvers. The Haida tribe used these canoes to travel up and down the sea coast for trading, fishing and hunting, and warfare. Here is an article with Native American canoe pictures. Today, of course, Haida people also use cars... and non-native people also use canoes
Video: YouTube
Information: Haida kids learning ,
Food Sources
The pacific ocean was the grocery store for the natives of the northwest coast. It also acted as the roads. Salmon was a stapled food and great numbers of fish were caught mouths of the streams during the salmon run. Since the natives had no way of freezing the fish, salmon was smoked by hanging it over fires.
Haida houses were called Longhouses. The longhouses were made from large cedar trees. Because food was available, the Haida tribe did not move around. The houses were together to make a village. The front of the house was called Kwakwa'akw. The Kwakwa'akw had totem poles with the family's crest. The roof was low so that it was easier to keep warm in the winter. There were no windows because they did not have glass. Besides the door, there was one openning in the roof so that the smoke could leave the house. Fire pits were made in the house for heat, to cook with and for light. Many families shared one longhouse. They slept in bunkbeds. On top of the bunkbeds, the family had open shelves. Below the bunkbed, the family dug a hole to store food so that it stayed cool
Their History
Before contact with Europeans, thousands of Haida lived in dozen of communities throughout the island. They had strong traditions with complex rank and class systems.
Subsistence and Commercial Activities. The traditional economy rested on a combination of fishing, shellfish gathering, hunting, and the gathering of plant foods. Because of seasonal variations in food availability, much effort was expended on extracting as much food as possible and preserving foodstuffs by drying, smoking, wrapping in grease, and so on for use in lean seasons. Halibut and salmon were the most important preserved foods (by drying, smoking), and sea mammals (which were also preserved) were more important than land mammals for food. Dozens of species of berries, plant stalks, tree fibers, seaweed, and roots were harvested and preserved. Current jobs and sources of income include the Commercial fishing industry (fishing and fish and shellfish processing), logging, and arts and crafts (wood carving, argillite carving, graphics, jewelry, weaving, and so on)

Exchanging Items
Haida shelter
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