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Transcript of The Mongols
Tolerant to all religions, strengthened the government power and the economy
Islam, Buddhism, Taoism, and even some Christians were accepted.
Original religion was Shamanism, a turkish belief of Worshiping the Blue Sky.
Later Tibetan Buddhism gained more popularity
Extended international trade network
Got money from booty
Used paper money
Mongol script created
Secure trade routes
Peace to much of Asia
Towns = Handicraft production, scholarship, free expression
Artistic creativity and free expression thrived
Kubilai alienated the scholar-gentry by giving the artisan and merchant classes high standing
There was great regard for artisans due to their many useful skills
Popular entertainment such as musical dramas flourished
Actors and actresses received celebrity status and social esteem
Leaders often pursued policies to aid the peasants
Metallurgy- Science concerned with the properties, production, and purification of metals
Mongol Bow- Curved composite bow renowned for its military effectiveness
Pharmacology-branch of medicine that studies the uses, effects, and modes of action of drugs
catapult-siege weapon used to fling boulders or bodies at enemies
Biological Warfare- threw plague infected corpses over fortress walls with catapults
Mongol women refused to adopt the Chinese practice of footbinding
Had rights to property
Control within the household
Could hunt and go to war
Had choices in marriage
Wives of government leaders had major influence in politics
Chabi was the influential wife of Kubilai Kahn. She was an important force in politics and displayed the open-mindedness and political savvy of many mongol women.
Although illiterate, Chinggis Khan took an interest in the art and literature of the cities he conquered.
He consulted with Muslim engineers on how to build weapons, Confucian scholars on how to rule China, and Daoist holy men to create an elixir that would make him immortal.
Kubilai Kahn forbid Chinese scholars from learning how to write Mongolian. Like his grandfather, Kubilai had Chinese advisors and incorporated Chinese music and rituals into his court.
He refused to reestablish the Confucian examination system, which insured that the Mongols would remain in power and kept the Chinese from dominating politics.
Tolerance and diversity attracted many artists and scholars. Persian astronomers created the most acurate maps of that time and Muslim doctors ran hospitals and added 36 volumes on medicine to the royal archives.