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Unit 1 The Vietnam War

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Arthur Wachholz

on 16 March 2016

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Transcript of Unit 1 The Vietnam War

Unit 1 The Vietnam War
Vietnam Notes
Ch 16 Sec 1/2
Ch 16 Sec 3/4
For each of the terms on the right:
1. Define it.
2. Use it in a sentence
as it appears in text.
3. Write a question
using it in your own
words.
Vietnam Photo Analysis
Use the questions to analyze the photo...
Ch 16 Sec 1 VOC
For each of the terms on the right:
1. Define it.
2. Use it in a sentence
as it appears in text.
3. Write a question
using it in your own
words.
Dien Bien Phu
Ho Chi Minh
Vietcong
Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
Tet Offensive: 1967-68
Full scale attack in many areas around Vietnam by North Vietnamese troops.
Tet is the Vietnamese holiday around Christmas.
Totally, demoralized the US and administration began questioning its purpose in Vietnam.
March 1968: LBJ announces he will not seek another term.
Calls for decrease in bombing.
Removes Westmoreland as commander.
Fighting Continues:
The Unites States continues fighting, on a much small scale until The Fall of Saigon in 1975.

Term Notes- Vietnam IV

North Vietnamese realize the war does not have to be won on the battlefield.
War of Attrition: long war with a lot of casualties with no clear winner.
Guerilla War: No formats or battles but skirmishes.
Credibility Gap:
Body counts were inflated, but many were dying on both sides
People doubting the Johnson Administration.

Term Notes- Vietnam III

March 8, 1965 1st Marines land at Da Nang to protect airbase. Soon begin patrolling countryside and skirmishing.
LBJ: "Leave the footprint of America in Vietnam."
Defoliation and bombardment to destroy Vietnamese culture.
Paying for this causes inflation and American society begins falling apart.
Viet Cong losses:
4 million die or are wounded on both sides –
10% of the population.

Term Notes- Vietnam III

JFK and Vietnam:
Wanted to keep the Diem regime in power.
November 1963: Over 15,000 military advisors in South Vietnam as well as economic development specialists.
He refused to send combat troops: "In the final analysis it is their war."

Term Notes- Vietnam II

January 1955: U.S. is dominant power in South Vietnam.
1955-1961 Ike sends about $2-million and 675 American military advisors to South Vietnam.
Most of this money goes to keep Diem in power.

Term Notes- Vietnam I

U.S. involvement in Vietnam: The result of instability produced by decolonization after WWII.
Dien Bien Phu: The French lose a major battle in the Spring 1954.
Geneva Accords of 1954:
Call for an end of fighting in Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam.
Demarcation line divides Vietnam unless there is a nationwide election in July 1956.
U.S. never part of this agreement.

Term Notes- Vietnam I

1963:
June: Buddhist Monks commit suicide by self-immolation: six monks and one nun die.
November: Diem removed and killed from power.
Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, Aug. 1964:
Maddox is attacked.
Allowed for increase in troops and fighting in Vietnam.
America begins bombing North Vietnam.

Term Notes- Vietnam II

French forces leave Hanoi October 9, 1954.
Ngo Dinh Diem vs. Ho Chi Minh:
Diem selected at as prime minister, June 16.
Refuses elections because he knows he’ll lose to Ho.

Term Notes- Vietnam I

Tet Offensive
Robert Kennedy
Vietnamization
My Lai
Paris Peace Accords.
Connect ideas about post-WWII effects and the Cold War to the “hot” conflict that drew United States into Vietnam
Part I: Tet 1968
Part II: The End of the Tunnel
Kennedy and Johnson Years
Create a timeline of 8 events that chronicles major events during the Kennedy and Johnson administrations using 1960 Election of Kennedy and 1968 LBJ refuses to run for reelection using Ch 15 Sec 2 and 3.
Kennedy and LBJ Notes
.



VI. 1964: Success and Election
A. He passed through the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
B. Then he continued his “War on Poverty.”
1. In August 1964 he pushed Congress to create the Economic Opportunity Act.
2. This created $1-billion in youth programs, antipoverty measures, small business loans and job training.
a. Job Corps, VISTA, Head Start and others.
b. These successes and programs won him the 1964 Presidential Election.
VII. The Great Society
A. Early in 1964, LBJ spoke about his “Great Society” in a speech.
B. The goal was to create a higher living standard and equal opportunity as well as a better quality of life.
1. Medicare: Gives hospital insurance and low cost medical insurance for almost every American 65 and older.
2. Medicaid: Extends health insurance to welfare recipients.
3. Created the Housing and Urban Development (HUD) to build low rent public housing.
4. Immigration Act of 1965
5. Voting Rights Act of 1965: Ended literacy tests and gave right to vote to all Americans!
C. The Great Society created governmental programs dealing with poverty, cities, education, discrimination, the environment and consumer advocacy!
D. LBJ’s Great Society changed America.
1. Some say for better and others for worse.
a. created more social awareness for social problems like civil rights and poverty.
b. Number of poor people fell 14% between 1962-73.
c. Created a large budget deficit.
d. This led to a conservative backlash.


I. Election of 1960
A. John F. Kennedy defeated Richard Nixon by the smallest margin since 1888.
1. The candidates participated in the first televised debate EVER.
2. Kennedy looked younger and had a better image.
3. Civil Rights
a. JFK called King’s wife to offer condolences after his sit-in arrest.
b. This earned JFK many African-American votes.
II. The Kennedy Mystique
A. The Kennedy family was a young fairy tale come to life.
B. JFK, his wife and kids and even his political advisors were seen as a modern day King Arthur’s court in Camelot!
III. The New Frontier
A. JFK set out to change America and his legislative agenda was called the New Frontier.
B. He was unable, however, to get his plans through congress.
1. The Economy
a. JFK and his advisors supported deficit spending.
b. The federal govt. increased spending and decreased taxes.
i. the military
ii. increased the minimum wage
iii. extended unemployment insurance
iv. gave assistance to cities with high unemployment.
Kennedy and LBJ Cont...
2. Poverty Abroad
a. The Peace Corps
b. Alliance for Progress: economic and technical assistance to Latin American countries.
3. The Space Race
4. Other Domestic Issues
a. poverty
b. civil rights

IV. Tragedy!
A. On November 22, 1963, JFK was assassinated in Dallas, Texas.
B. Lee Harvey Oswald, a supporter of Fidel Castro and a former Marine, was arrested and charged with the murder.
C. Oswald was then killed by Jack Ruby, a Dallas nightclub owner.
D. The bizarre chain of events led to tales of conspiracy blaming anti-Castro Cubans, Communists, the CIA and even Aliens?

V. Johnson takes over for Kennedy.
A. Lyndon Baines Johnson was sworn in as President the evening of JFK’s death on Airforce One.
B. Upon taking over, LBJ urged Congress to finish the civil rights and tax cut bills sent by JFK.
LBJ and end...
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New Frontier/Great Society
Description
Unemployment
Kennedy increased minimum wage, extended unemployment and federal assistance to cities with high unemployment
Economic Opportunity Act
Created Job Corps, Head Start and
VISTA to fight "war on poverty"
Medicare Act
Created Medicare and Medicaid
Civil Rights / Voting Rights
Outlawed discrimination in living
accommodations, jobs and voting
Higher Education Act
Created program for funding
post-secondary scholarships
and low interest loans
Clean Water and Air Acts
Required Water and Air standards
set by federal government for pollution.
Dept of Housing and
Urban Development
Administered federal housing
programs
Traffic and Motor Safety
and Highway Safety and DOT
Required states to set safety standards for highways and transportation
Full transcript