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Unit 7 - Concepts-Health-positive,negative,holistic


Maria Stadnicka

on 24 March 2015

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Transcript of Unit 7 - Concepts-Health-positive,negative,holistic

Unit 7 - Sociological perspectives
So far...
So far....the seven sociological perspectives: Marxism, functionalism, feminism, interactionism, postmodernism, collectivism, the new right.
Identify the key principles in the three different concepts to health – Positive, Negative, Holistic

Discuss the World Health Organisation's definition of health and how it compares to our own definitions:
- How does this definition relate to the concepts we looked at;
- How does this definition compare to our own definitions of health.

Positive or Negative?
Read the statements on your sheets.
Which show a negative / positive view of health?
What did we discuss today?
Paper aeroplanes....
session 6
What is 'good health'?

Split in 3 groups and find a definition of 'good health'.

Think of someone who you regard as being healthy.

What makes you think they are in good health?
Exercise: Define 'positive', 'negative' and 'holistic' concept of health.

For this you need to be in groups of 3.
Individually produce a handout that explains and summarises one of the definitions of health:


Once you have all completed your handout explain your definition to the rest of your group.
'Positive' concept of health
-being able to do things;
- being able to bounce back from stress, disease and cope with life;
-feeling healthy (being fit and having energy to do things);
- could relate to body appearance and condition (healthy looking skin, shining hair, feeling slim);
- the Health and Lifestyle documented differences between men and women's perception of health:
-young women link energy and vitality to undertaking household tasks
-younger men linked energy and fitness to sports
positive concept of health
Look at the perspectives we learnt so far this year. Which one do you think would fit into this concept?
Marxist sees health as being something that maintains society.

If a person is well they are able to work productively and labouring efficiently.

The family are there to ensure the workers have enough rest and comfort at home to be able to go out and work productively.

Set of norms and values of how society should be
Functionalists like Talcott Parsons believe in the 'sick role'.

The family is also there to provide treatment, sympathy and empathy.
The family also provides socialisation and knowledge transfer of how to maintain health - healthy eating, exercise
Negative concept of health
Absence of ill health.
If you do not have a disease or physical illness then you are healthy.
This concept of health might change with age. (Older people might take a negative attitude, younger people might talk about health in terms of what you eat and exercise.)
Why do you think there is this difference?
Sometimes health is seen to how well people recover ‘I got better quicker because I am healthy’
Are you ill if you have not been diagnosed with an illness from your doctor?
Are we healthy until we are diagnosed as diseased by our doctor?

Negative concept of health.


- Feminists think that society has a negative concept of health when it is about women.
- They feel that some people consider pregnancy, child birth, menopause, menstruation, for example, real illnesses.
- Feminists believe that women can be discriminated against because of this. For instance, some young women might not be employed for fear of going off on maternity leave.

Holistic concept of health
Looks at the individual as a whole.

To be healthy means considering the whole person; their physical, phychological, emotional and spiritual wellbeing.

Understand how these aspects function within their environment and social relationships.

Practitioners need to understand the whole person, their values, priorities, environment as well as their physical and mental well being. They need to consider all aspects of an individual's life in order for them to cope with illness and disease.

Have you heard of any holistic therapy? (chiropractic, acupuncture) Could you give more examples?

Holistic concept of health
Functionalists believe we need many different parts of society to maintain a stable society.
The holistic approach is about the same thing too. All parts of the body are needed to maintain health.
Society is always changing and it is hard to pin down what makes a stable society.

The holistic view is similar as it sees health as something that can change.
Our view of whether we are healthy changes all the time with new treatments and disorders that are arising through constant research.

World Health Organisation (WHO)
In 1946, the WHO defined health:
'a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.''

What concepts do you think are involved in this definition from what we have learnt so far today?
First international conference on Health Promotion was in 1986 in Ottawa, Canada.
Then health was defined from more of a holistic point of view:

‘To reach a state of complete physical , mental and social well-being, an individual or group must be able to identify and to realise aspirations, to satisfy needs and to change or cope with the environment. Health is therefore seen as a resource for everyday life, not the object of living. Health is a positive concept emphasising social and personal resources, as well as physical capacities.’

The 1986 Ottawa conference also described some prerequisites for health (things we need to have before we can say we’re healthy).
A stable ecosystem
Sustainable resources
Social justice and equity

Do you think they’re all justified?
Do you think this is a good definition
Full transcript