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Book Talk

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Ellie Hutchison

on 23 July 2015

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Transcript of Book Talk

George Orwell
The Hunger Games
Once was North America, now the Capitol of Panem
12 districts
Forces them each to select a boy and a girl (Tributes) to compete in a nationally televised event called the Hunger Games
Every citizen must watch as the youth fight to the death until only one remains
District 12 Tribute Katniss Everdeen relies on her hunting skills and sharp instincts
Must weigh survival against love
1984 is set in near-future Oceania
The city is still named London, though the country is now called Airstrip One
Oceania is in a constant state of war
The living conditions are poor
One cannot expect privacy anywhere
A setting to make a character feel less than content
Oppression in Oceania
Party examines human actions with Big Brother
Winston dares to express his thoughts in a diary and pursues a relationship with Julia
These criminal acts bring Winston into the eye of the opposition
Winston must be reformed by the opposition (punished/changed for the better)
1984 and The Hunger Games
Book Talk
Eric Arthur Blair
25 June 1903
Motihari, Bengal Presidency, British India
21 January 1950 (aged 46)
Pen name:
George Orwell, John Freeman
Novelist, political writer and journalist
Notable works:
The Road to Wigan Pier (1937), Homage to Catalonia (1938), Animal Farm (1945), Nineteen Eighty-Four (1949), Various essays, Years active 1928–1950
Eileen O'Shaughnessy and Sonia Brownell
Richard Horatio Blair (adopted)
Relatives Richard Walmesley Blair (father)
Ida Mabel Blair (née Limouzin) (mother)
Marjorie Blair Dakin (sister)
Avril (sister)
He was a man of strong opinions who addressed some of the major political movements of his times, including imperialism, fascism and communism.
Suzanne Collins
What I Looked at in my Essay
Characterization in Hunger Games
Narrator and heroine
16 years old
Straight black hair, gray eyes, and olive skin
Father died in a mine explosion when she is 11
Has to provide for her mother and sister
Her best friend and hunting partner is Gale
Remains a hunter and a survivor, "the girl on fire," but she is also a girl who is very confused about her emotions concerning Peeta and Gale
Must remember to hide her true emotions about the Capitol
Brave and daring
Returns home from the Games a star to her district but a trouble maker, and perhaps a liability, to the Capitol dictators in charge of Panem
Change in Characters
People of 1984
Characterization in 1984
What I Looked at in my Essay
Change in Characters
Opening of 1984 - Foreshadowing
“[i]n the end the Party would announce that two and two made five, and you would have to believe it.”
Opening of The Hunger Games - Foreshadowing
Hunting and gathering and hiding from predators
Prim's fear of being chosen as tribute
Peeta gives Katniss the bread needed
Katniss being titled "the girl on fire"
Peeta does well in the camouflage training
Katniss kept the barries that killed Foxface
Orwell’s primary goal in 1984 is to demonstrate the terrifying possibilities of totalitarianism
Dystopia is the converse of utopia, an unrealistic attempt at creating a perfect society
Winston helps the reader understand the harsh oppression that the Party, Big Brother, and the Thought Police institute
Julia is untroubled and somewhat selfish, interested in rebelling only for the pleasures to be gained
Suzanne Marie Collins, August 10, 1962 (age 52)
Hartford, Connecticut, United States
Television scriptwriter, novelist
Indiana University , New York University
Fantasy, Science Fiction, Children's Literature, Young-adult Fiction
Notable works:
The Hunger Games trilogy, The Underland Chronicles
Suzanne Collins work is enjoyed by children and adults both. She has many fans of all ages. She is a media shy person and is not comfortable on camera. She is a modest person who is not aware of technological advancements and is not into tweeting or website management.
Country where Katniss lives with her family
After a series of disasters, rose from the ashes of North America
Droughts, storms, fires, war: post-apocalyptic
Thirteen districts
After the destruction of District 13, the Treaty of Treason was signed to end the conflict, and the Hunger Games were instituted to remind the districts that the uprising must never be repeated.
Supposed to be like ancient Rome
District 12
Very poor coal-mining district
Located in the region formerly known as Appalachia
Katniss and her family live in the poor section of District 12 where the coal-miners live and work (The Seam)
There is also the Hob, the black market
The district is surrounded by an electrified fence from woodlands
The poverty of District 12 is often contrasted with the wealth of the Capitol.

Stephen King
The Capitol
City of wealth and magnificence
Located where the Rockies used to be
The people of the Capitol are shallow, speak in a funny, affected accent and value surface appearances, plastic surgery, and entertainment
View the Games as television entertainment (rich)
Katniss despises the place
Winston Smith
The reader experiences the nightmarish world that Orwell envisions through the eyes of Winston
Winston feels dead inside
Writes in his diary as his only method of therapy and rebellion against the state
Winston meets Julia, feels alive again
Final transformation takes place after his torture and "re-education" by O'Brien
By the end, Winston is a shell of his former self
His brains have been scrambled and his spirit has been crushed
He finally loves Big Brother
Young, flexible, friendly and full of life
Only other person who Winston can be sure hates the Party and wishes to rebel against it as he does
Change was much more straight forward
Felt like her affair was a game against the party
Julia had been lobotomized (mental or emotional capacity was reduced)
Her spirit was crushed the minute she was taken by the party
Pale and stiff, like all of the life had been sapped out of her
"her face was sallower, and there was a long scar, partly hidden by the hair, across her forehead and temple...her waist had grown thicker, and, in a surprising way, had stiffened...her body felt like [a corpse]."
Pretends to be a key leader in the Brotherhood (working to bring down The Party)
Asks Winston and Julia what they would be prepared to do to become rebels
Appears to be a loyal citizen of Big Brother, but internally a rebel
Thought Police arrest Winston and Julia, they realize who he really is
Mixture of torturer and father-figure
Symbolizes the cruelty and the autocracy of Big Brother's power
``It is impossible to see reality except by looking through the eyes of the Party``
Katniss Everdeen
Changes through the influence of her experiences in the Capitol and in the arena of the Hunger Games
Character of great heart and compassion for the ones she loves (e.g. volunteering for Prim)
Becomes even more focused on surviving for Prim's sake
Challenges of the Games force her choose between survival and her own humanity
Rue's death, horror of the mutations
Has the strength to challenge the Capitol`s regime
By the end, Katniss matures and has finally realized the true nature of the Capitol
Peeta Mellark
Seen as shy because he has been put with Katniss, who he is in love with
Confidence grows on the train as he develops a friendship with Katniss
Owns the stage during his interview and is beaming with confidence
By the end, Peeta has his own voice and can speak out his personal honest thoughts about people
Stronger mentally, more confident, braver, but also more vulnerable because then the Capitol knows what he will sacrifice for Katniss
Hungry children aren't fiction
A planet in jeopardy
Coal mines are really, really dangerous
The exploitation of children
"a symbolic act of peaceful defiance."
After the Fact...
The Hunger Games:
17.5 million copies
Catching Fire:
10 million copies
9 million copies
After the Fact...
1984 fulfilled my expectations of what a totalitarianism society looks like.

I was disappointed!
Why 1984?
The most common belief is that he switched around the year 1948, the year he wrote the majority of the novel.
Adopted son, Richard Horatio Blair, was born in May 1944 and would have been the same age as Winston.
overalls mean Inner Party member;
overalls mean Outer Party member; waist sash means devotion to chastity; regular dress signifies Prole.
Speech and Dialogue
Newspeak is the Party’s attempt to control language. They are "cutting language down to the bone" such that in the future, disruptive thoughts will not be possible.
``They sye that time ‘eals all things,
They sye you can always forget;
But the smiles an’ the tears across the years
They twist my ‘eartstrings yet!``
Inner Party members have real sugar, real bread, real coffee, real chocolate, real tea, real tobacco, wine, and cigarettes. Outer Party members consume black bread, bitter coffee, bitter chocolate, Victory Cigarettes, and Victory Gin.
Inner Party members have the privilege of turning their telescreens off; Outer Party members are monitored 24/7 by telescreens; the proles are "free" from the constant monitoring of telescreens.
Inner Party members live in luxurious residences, often with servants. Outer Party members have tiny apartments or they a hostel with others. Proles live in the prole districts, even dirtier than Victory Mansions.
Physical Appearances
The Proles are large, fat, and strong. The Outer Party members are mostly thin and frail, The only Inner Party (O’Brien), is large and has an authoritative air. When Winston sees Julia again after their release , he realizes that she has "thickened at the waist," most likely as a result of the torture.
Winston's journal entries, where he writes his inner most thoughts
Winston's reaction to the pictures of Big Brother. "Even from the coin the eyes pursued you."
After Winston's first journal entry
"He wondered again for whom he was writing the diary."
"He was a lonely ghost uttering a truth that no one would ever hear."
Winston is thinking about his future with gloomy-ness
He states quite clearly that his future is hopeless
Orwell's Voice
Third person limited point of view (narrator)
No embellishment, scientific reporting (cold diction)
Dark and pessimistic
Dystopia, human soul has been extinguished
No individuality left in Oceania
Literally and symbolically become a grey autocratic hell
Diction is still cold and monochromatic
Understatement, lack of emphasis, comes across as sarcastic
Cynic's voice
The Hunger Games fulfilled my expectations of what a good book should look like.

It certainly did not disappoint.
Suzanne`s Voice
First-person point-of-view
Allows readers to see exactly what the protagonist (Katniss) thinks, sees, and believes
Strong, willful, and promising
Fearful, angry, and scrutinizing
Both the tone and Katniss change as the story line changes
Time Period of The Hunger Games
Series takes place at least 100 years from our time, and other clues indicate is probably much, much later.
The Capitol was in power for long enough for the 13 Districts to get tired of, and rebel against, whatever system was in place prior to The Hunger Games.
Technology in use isn't so advanced than our own
We do not yet have the technology to build the arenas, booby traps, etc.,
Practical in her mindset
Worried about the here and now as opposed to worrying about her future
Somewhat rebellious
She is aware of her actions and their consequences
Often sarcastic
Katniss and Pita's greatest advocate
Canny (shows good judgment, especially in money or business matters)
Father figure
George Orwell Worldview
Socialist, a social democrat and even an anarchist
Governments must exist to protect people from crime and injustice
Main fixation was regarding personal/individual freedom and democracy
People must be in charge of themselves
Opposite of freedom in 1984
"Don't you enjoy being alive? Don't you like feeling: This is me, this is my hand, this is my leg, I'm real, I'm solid, I'm alive! Don't you like this?" (Book II. Chapter III. Page 125)
Suzanne Collins Worldview
Destructive force of humans
Unjust social hierarchy
Danger of abusive powers
Humanity always had, and still has, this violent impulse, this thirst for destruction
Pushes the boundaries of violence to the extreme
Specifically to adolescents
Physically Winston is much older than Julia (around 39)
Julia is young (around 26)
They share plenty of "love" time together
Less uncomfortable, more uneasy...
In conclusion, ponder this question:
Panem did not start out with the Hunger Games. They are a product of a disastrous event that changed the whole world. What would it take for a change like that to happen in the real United States/Canada? Is it possible? Or is there no chance that something like this could happen in today's world?
Winston's dreams about Julia
Dreaming about meeting O'Brien in the "dark place"
Works Cited
SparkNotes. SparkNotes. Web. 22 July 2015.
Web. 22 July 2015.
Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation. Web. 22 July 2015.
Bio.com. A&E Networks Television. Web. 22 July 2015.
Bio.com. A&E Networks Television. Web. 22 July 2015.
SparkNotes. SparkNotes. Web. 22 July 2015.
"1984 Ending • /r/books." Reddit. Web. 22 July 2015.
"Bolender Initiatives." Robert King Merton: Merton's Five Types of Adaptation. Web. 22 July 2015.
"Characters of 1984." Characters of 1984. Web. 22 July 2015.
"GeorgyOrwell1984." : Winstons Acts of Rebellion. Web. 22 July 2015.
"In George Orwell's 1984, What Are the Four Government Ministries That Control the World of Big Brother? - Homework Help - ENotes.com." Enotes.com. Enotes.com. Web. 22 July 2015.
"Science Fiction." Science Fiction. Web. 22 July 2015.
"Second Rebellion." The Hunger Games Wiki. Web. 22 July 2015.
Shmoop Editorial Team. "The Hunger Games Theme of Power." Shmoop.com. Shmoop University, Inc., 11 Nov. 2008. Web. 22 July 2015.
"The Capitol - The Official Government of Panem." The Capitol - The Official Government of Panem. Web. 22 July 2015.
"The Hunger Games Question." The Hunger Games. Web. 22 July 2015.
"What Happened to Winston Smith at the End of 1984?" George Orwell. Web. 22 July 2015.
"What Is the Setting in 1984 and Why Is It Important? Help! I Need to Know the Time and Place of the Story. More... - Homework Help - ENotes.com." Enotes.com. Enotes.com. Web. 22 July 2015.

Governments - The Party/The Capitol

Rebellion - Winston/Katniss

Outcomes/Consequences of Rebellion
Full transcript