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2013 PSY 112 Project

Drugs & Alcohol -Overview -Treatment -Stats -Effects on mind and body

Jamal Fruster

on 13 February 2013

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Transcript of 2013 PSY 112 Project

Jamal Fruster, Tameia Bell ,Rob Anderson, Tom Keane Drugs and Alcohol Street Drugs Prescription Drugs Alcohol A street drug are the drugs that are taken for non medical reasons and often manufactures illegally. What is a drug? a chemical substance used in the treatment, cure, prevention, or diagnosis of disease or used to otherwise alternate physical or mental well-being.

-Medical Dictionary Drugs that an individual can only get with a prescription from a doctor. - Alcohol is the most
advertised drug and the
most accepted in our world • Narcotic painkillers (Oxycontin, Percocet,Vicodin, Codeine) - Most addictive, contain opiates.
• Sedatives and tranquilizers (Xanax, Valium (benzodiazepines), Quaaludes)
• Stimulants (Adderall, Dexedrine, Ritalin) What is Drug Addiction? A chronic, often relapsing brain disease that causes compulsive drug seeking and use, despite harmful consequences to the addicted individual and to those around him or her. - National Institute on Drug Abuse How Drugs Affect the Brain - Drugs contain chemicals that disrupt the brain's communication system: - Imitate the brain's natural chemical messengers. - Overstimulating the "reward circuit" (dopamine) of the brain. http://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugfacts/understanding-drug-abuse-addiction http://www.drugfree.org/?s=prescription Works Cited: How Do Drug Support Groups Work? - AA (Alcoholic Anonymous) - NA (Narcotics Anonymous) -Commonality and hope. -To make a support group effective: - Teaching and Learning http://www.doctorjay.net/uploads/docs/Why%20Support%20Groups%20Work,%20PDF,%2025%20Jan%202008.pdf -A feeling of home, love, warmth, safety, acceptance. - Providing a mirror. - Raises self-esteem and confidence. Factors of Addiction: - Biology - Environment - Development Controlling Addictions Activity - Unwanted negative thoughts snap the rubber band. - Addiction thinking makes user get used to the body releasing endorphins and makes them feel good.

- Snapping rubber band on wrist stops associating urges with addiction and happiness.

-L ink users addiction with bad feelings. _ Prevention method. http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/the-dance-connection/201010/unwanted-thoughts-snap-the-rubber-band Prescription Drug Abuse on the Rise - Nearly one in five teens in grades 7-12 (19 percent, or 4.5 million) say they've used prescription painkillers such as Vicodin or OxyContin or stimulants such as Ritalin to get high. - 2nd most commonly abused drug by teenagers. - Easily obtainable - Alcohol is a depressant,
a drug that inhibit the
functions of the central
nervous system - The alcohol industry
makes over $65 billion
annually. - Alcohol kills around
2.5 million people each year Effects on the Brain and Body - Over 14 million adults
and 3 million teens and young adults have drinking problems - Painkillers are the number one leading cause of fatal overdoses producing over 14,000 deaths a year. Facts of Relapse & Recovery Legal/Other Types of Drugs Men are twice as likely as women to have a substance dependence disorder.
Male- 36%
Female- 18% - Relapse rates for addictive diseases are 90%. - - Studies show that women in treatment relapse less frequently than men, partly because women are more likely to engage in group counseling. Nicotine & Tobacco - A major outcomes study with 10,000 patients in both in-patient and outpatient treatment found that 90% of patients attending AA meetings at least weekly and participating in after care for one year were able to abstain from the use of any alcohol at all during that year. Caffeine Inhalants Painkiller Withdrawel - Withdrawal from opiods can last five to ten days. Steroids - Withdrawal happens when the body is detoxing from drugs and alcohol. - Symptoms Include:
- Anxiety
- Depression
- "The shakes" (Seizure)
- Insomnia
- Drug Craving -physical symptoms occur because the body had become metabolically adapted to the substance. Mental Illness and Drug Addiction - More than 21 percent of adults who experienced a depressive episode within the previous year engaged in substance abuse. - - The reason being those with a depressive illness are trying to self medicate their mental illness with alcohol and drugs. Depression and Substance Abuse Shared Triggers: - Shared brain regions. - Genetics - Environment - Brain developmental issues Tobacco is a carrier for the highly addictive drug nicotine

Two types of tobacco
- Smokeless (dip, snus, spit tobacco)
- Smokeable (cigarettes)

- It is proven that nicotine is one of the hardest drugs to quit, theres a correlation between early smoking and adult addiction
- Carcinogens (cancer causing agents); cyanide, carbon monoxide
-Binds to red blood cells
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