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History Project #2

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by

Hayley Jacoby

on 17 June 2016

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Transcript of History Project #2

During confederation, Canada did not treat all of it’s people equally. What significance does Canada’s treatment of people who did not meet specific criteria in the past have in Canada’s confederation journey and how has it continued to impact Canada?

*how does the way people were treated in the past impact them today?*
Women
POST CONFEDERATION...

-Many women’s group were formed

- Dr. Jennie Trout: 1st to practice medicine in Canada (1875)

- A British common law ruling states that “women are persons in matters of pains and penalties, but are not persons in matters of rights and privileges.” (1876)

- Women strike for equal pay (1882)

- Females can vote in all of Canada (1921)

TODAY...

- Women still fight for equal rights

- Equal pay is a hot topic

- Women are expected to work now (even with children)

- Kathleen Wynne is the Premier of Ontario (not just a female, but also part of the LGBTQ community)


Women
THEN...

- Women could not enter politics

- Not allowed to vote

- All female wages went to spouse (1871)

- Women could not be married and have a job at the same time (ex: female teachers could not be married and have a job)

By Hayley Jacoby
History Project
My Question
Chinese
Then...

- Chinese workers were brought into BC to work on the Canadian Pacific
Railway (1881-1884)

- They were paid $1/ day and had to still pay for their food and board

- Were given the hardest and more dangerous jobs

- Canadians thought they were taking away jobs from their people

- Canada did not want relatives of Chinese workers to come to Canada so started applying a Head Tax

Chinese
Now...

- Today, discrimination is not allowed so Chinese people are allowed
to hold jobs and have equal rights

- Even though, Chinese people may have some resentment towards
the Canadian government, hopefully they see how apologetic
Canada is

Aboriginals
Then...

- French and British settlers begin taking away land from the Metis

- Kill Aboriginals who refused to assimilate

- Aboriginals did not have a right to vote

- Indian Act stated that First Nations were expected to abandon their culture and assimilate into the Euro-Canadian culture (1876)

- Discrimination, human rights violations, racism and neglect

- As the population of non-Aboriginals had increased, First Nations were no longer treated as an independent nations



Women
Aboriginals
POST CONFEDERATION...

- Residential schools were put in place, where Aboriginal children were taken away from their parents, put into boarding schools, and parents had hard time seeing their child

- Purpose was to assimilate these children into the a Canadian society (remove them from their culture)

- 150 000 Aboriginals passed through this system and 6000 of them died while in residential schools

Aboriginals
NOW...

-After Confederation, administrative responsibility for Aboriginal people was allocated to the central government in Ottawa

- In 2008 a Truth and Reconciliation committee was put together to investigate what exactly happened in residential schools

- Prime Minister Stephen Harper officially apologized for the hardships

-Government paid students of residential schools for the harm that was inflicted on them

-Canada apologized for their mistakes and tried to make amends

Women
To
Summarize...
Bibliography
http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/aboriginal-people/

http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/canadian-pacific-railway/

http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/status-of-women/


Full transcript