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Water Intoxication

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Austin Sullivan

on 4 January 2013

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Transcript of Water Intoxication

Water Intoxication By: Austin Sullivan Overview 12/20/12 Famous Cases Symptoms Causes Screening & Diagnosis Treatment References Water intoxication is a potentially fatal disturbance in brain functions that results when the normal balance of electrolytes in the body is pushed outside safe limits.

Happens mostly during drinking contests or drinking too many fluids without electrolytes when exercising. Very hard to achieve accidentally. -Jennifer Haze, 28, died from water intoxication after competing in a radio contest to win a Nintendo Wii for her 3 children.
-Matthew Carrington, 21, died from heart failure due to water intoxication during a fraternity hazing after being forced to drink multiple gallons of water through a funnel.
-Anthony Andrews, 55, survived a case of water intoxication after a routine of drinking 8 liters of water a day while playing in the musical "My Fair Lady". Andrews spent 3 days in a coma in intensive care. -Nausea
-Slurred speech
-Muscle cramps
-Loss of conciousness, coma
-Respiratory arrest
-Drinking excess amounts of water in a short period of time. (More than 1.5 liters/hour)

-Blood Tests (low blood sodium)
-Urine Tests -Diuretics (Help increase urination)
-Vasopressin receptor antagonists (Increase sodium content in water excreted from kidneys) Dugdale, D. (2011, May 29). Pubmed health Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001431/

Mayo Clinic Staff. (2011, July 14). Mayo clinic. Retrieved from http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/hyponatremia/DS00974

Simon, E. E., & Batuman, V. (Nove). Background. Retrieved from http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/242166-overview
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