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Causes of the American Revolution
Transcript of Causes of the American Revolution
2. Sugar Act
3. Stamp Act
4. Townsend Act
5. Boston Massacre
6. Boston Tea Party
7. Intolerable Acts
8. Lexington and Concord 2. Sugar Act Tax on sugar and other imports 3. Stamp Act Tax on newspapers, almanacs, pamphlets, legal documents, insurance policies, licenses,
and playing cards James Otis, “No taxation without representation” Boycott:‐ refuse to buy something 4. The Townshend Act Tax on lead, glass, paint, paper, and tea brought into the colonies 5. Boston Massacre British soldiers killed 5 colonists after being yelled at. Rocks and snowballs were also thrown at them. Crispus Attucks shot and killed This means war! 6. The Boston Tea Party In Boston Harbor, a group of Massachusetts colonists known as the Sons of Liberty and disguised as Mohawk Indians board three British tea ships and dump 342 chests of tea into the harbor. WHY? In protest against the tax on tea imposed by parliament against the colonists. 7. Intolerable Acts laws that were really punishments that King George III put on the colonies. Punishment for dumping tea into the harbor at the Boston Tea Party These are the Intolerable Acts.
• The Boston Port Bill became effective on June 1, 1774. The King closed Boston Harbor to everything but British ships.
• The Quartering Act was established on March 24, 1765. The King sent lots of British troops to Boston. The colonists had to house and feed the British troops. If the colonists didn't do this for the British troops, they would get shot.
• The Administration of Justice Act became effective May 20, 1774. British Officials could not be tried in colonial courts for crimes. They would be taken back to Britain and have a trial there. That left the British free to do whatever they wanted in the colonies and to the Colonists.
• Massachusetts Government Act became effective on May 20, 1774. The British Governer was in charge of all the town meetings in Boston. There would no more self-government in Boston.
• The Quebec Act was established on May 20, 1774, This bill extended the Canadian borders to cut off the western colonies of Connecticut, Massachusettes and Virginia. 8. Lexington and Concord The Battle of Lexington and Concord was made up of two battles that began on April 18th, 1775. British troops were sent to Concord to capture John Hancock and Samuel Adams, but both men had been warned about the British attack. The night of April 18th, Paul Revere rode through Concord warning everybody about the British attack. So when the British came in to take and attack the Rebels, the Minutemen, Americans who were"ready to fight in a minute," were waiting to attack at Lexington. The Americans were withdrawing when someone fired a shot, and the British troops started to fire at the Minutemen. The British then charged with bayonets. Nobody knows who shot first.
"Don't fire unless fired upon. But if they want a war let it begin heres" said Captain John Parker, commander of the Minutesmen.
The British killed many Minutemen and wounded many more in this Battle at Lexington. The rest of the Minutemen scattered into the woods.
After this fight, the British found out that Hancock and Adams had escaped. So the British marched towards Concord looking for ammunition. As the British went to look at a nearby farm for weapons, they ran into a group of minutemen at Concord's North Bridge. There was a big fight, and the Minutemen made the British retreat. The Minutemen tried not to let the British retreat, but the retreat was successful.
The Battles of Lexington and Concord were battles that took many lives. By the end of the day, British troops had lost 273 soldiers, while the Colonists lost only 94. 18 of these Colonists had died during the battle at Lexington. The Revolutionary War had begun.
Ralph Waldo Emerson, a famous poet, called the Battle of Lexington "the shot heard 'round the world," because this battle began the Revolutionary War. His poem is on a monument by Concord's North Bridge. Causes of the American Revolution 1. Proclamation of 1763 After the British won the French and Indian War, the English king said
1. This was an attempt to prevent the colonists from going west past the Appalachian Mountains.
2.The British did this to prevent future issues between Native Americans and the colonists.
3. This angered the colonists because they wanted the benefits that would come with the western lands.
4. The goal of the British was to put a stop to conflicts over land that had arisen between the Native Americans and the colonists due to the French and Indian War. The Shot Heard Around the World