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Karate

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by

Legolas Greenleaf

on 12 April 2014

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Transcript of Karate

KARATE
A Nic production
Before We start...
I want to let you know that some of what you are about to hear/read is
legend,
because much karate history was burned in fires. Since many legends have sprung up, it's hard to tell what is true or false. The complete history may never be known to us.
History
Began as "Te" which means hands
Started when Chinese settlers taught the Okinawan people martial arts
Started on a tiny island called Okinawa, which was in the Ryukyu kingdom
Came from chinese Kenpō with the influence of Southern Shaolin Kung-fu
History
Continued
Okinawan fighters could punch through Samurai wood armor
Okinawan people kept deadly moves a secret
In the 1800's Kanryo Higashionna, an Okinawan, was taught Kung-fu in China by a Kung-fu master
He took the teachings back to Okinawa and combined them with Te
Goju-ryu
This style of Karate was invented by Chojun Miyagi in 1930
He called it "Goju-ryu Karate-do" which meant "Hard-soft karate way"
It combined Kung-fu's soft blocks with Te's hard strikes
Hit hard body parts with soft body parts and vice versa
Shotokan
This form was founded by Gichin Funakoshi in 1939
First karate school (called Shoto-kan)
Worlds most popular Japanese style of karate
Shotokan means "The school of Shoto"
Gichin Funakoshi also influenced kata
Kanryo Higashionna
Chojun Miyagi
Kanryo Higashionna was a sailor
Kanryo saved a drowning child,
so the kid's father taught Kanryo kung-fu
He combined Te and kung-fu
Trained Chojun Miyagi
Gichin Funakoshi
Born in 1868
He was a teacher and a poet
Started karate when he was 13
Known as "The father of modern Japanese karate"
Opened first karate school (called a "Dojo") in Japan
Did demonstrations at American Military bases
He said, "When two tigers fight, one is always injured, the other is dead."
He believed karate was too dangerous to be used on people
He did a lot of kata
Philosophies
Respect
Not wanting to harm nature
Bowing before and after a fight
Gichin Funakoshi said "To win 100 victories in 100 battles is not the highest skill, to subdue the enemy without fighting is the highest skill"
Techniques
and Rank
Basic punch is a fist tucked near the bottom of the ribcage and the other arm parallel to the ground
There are attacks with closed fist and open hand
Kiai is yelled to increase concentration and scare opponent
Kiai is Japanese for Spirit shout
Uniform is called a "Gi"
Gi is loose for free movement
Techniques
and Rank
Continued
Board breaking is called Tameshiwara
It takes extreme concentration
Breaking cement requires intense training
If not trained, you could risk injury
There are different blocks for different attacks
Many techniques
Big think question
How did Karate evolve from strictly self-defense into a sport?
Kumite
Means "grappling hands"
It's sparring
Both a sport and self-defense
Takes skill
1 of 3 main sections of karate (along with Kata and Kihon)
Points




1 point - Punch to head or torso
2 point - Kick to torso
2 point - Punch or kick to back
3 point - Kick head
3 point - Sweep and follow-up attack
Kumite
Continued
Types of Kumite
Ippon Kumite - One step, mostly for drills
Sanbon Kumite - 3 step, develop speed, strength and technique
Kiso Kumite - Semi-free sparring
Jiyo Kumite - Free sparring
Kata
Means "form"
Combination of movements
It is as though 20+ people are attacking you
Sort of resembles a dance to the untrained eye
Total still after a movement
A karateka must perform kata to go up a rank
THIS IS A KATA
Okinawa
Biggest of the Ryukyu islands
Was part of the Ryukyu kingdom in ancient times
Now is a province of Japan
Capital: Naha
Area: 2,271 km²
Population: (October 1 2013) 1,416,587
Tree: Pinus luchuensis
Bird: Okinawa woodpecker
Fish: Banana fish
American base is the Vietnam war
Sport
Karate duels used to be win-or-die
Karate was not really a
sport
until after WWII
You get trophies/medals for winning
No head contact for younger karatekas
2 sections kumite (sparring) and kata (form)
Requires much training
Not yet in the olympics, but Judo is
Older Karatekas do full contact/knockout, which is decided by knockout or judge
Mixed Martial
Arts
Mixed martial arts (MMA) are used in the UFC (Ultimate fighting championship)
Cage they fight in is called the Octagon
5 weight classes
Actually does have rules
You would have to train every day, like a job
5 ways to win a fight





Judges
Tapping out
"Throwing in the towel" (When a coach throws a towel in the ring to stop the fight)
Knockout
Ref stops the fight (Technical knockout)
Mixed Martial
Arts
Continued
Everyone has a different style
The first MMA tournament was called The Ultimate Fighting Championship
Held on November 12 1993
UFC title matches are for the champion of that weight class and are 5 rounds long
Non-title matches are 3 rounds long
Modern Karate
Evolved greatly since "Te"
Karate is now a sport (After World War two)
Now many Karate Dojos across North America
Many famous martial artists did karate (like Chuck Norris or Bruce Lee)
Many learned it in the army
Much media is based on karate
Chuck Norris once made a Karate club called "Kick drugs out of America"
Some people can make a clean break in a board with their hands
BIG Think Question
My BIG think is: How did Karate evolve from strictly self-defense into a sport?
BIG Think Answer
Karate didn't really start to evolve into a sport until just after WWII. When the USA army occupied Okinawa, many US soldiers got taught Karate by Okinawan people and saw demonstrations from Gichin Funakoshi. Then, when soldiers took those teachings back to the United States, they started Karate schools.
In 1945 Robert Trias opened the first United States dojo in Phoenix, Arizona. William J. Dometrich, Ed Parker, Cecil T. Patterson and others taught in the USA in the 50's. After that, people started liking it and organizations like the World Karate Federation created sparring competitions to make it more enjoyable.
BIG Think Answer
IN CONCLUSION
Karate is still self-defense, but has evolved into so much more.
THANKS FOR WATCHING!
A NIC PRODUCTION
Continued
Big think Answer
Continued
Karate used to be for self-defense purposes only. People like Gichin Funakoshi didn't even think it should be used on people. But now it's suddenly a sport. What happened?
Te was started so the Okinawan people could defend themselves
When the Japanese banned weapons in 1609, many people used Te and simple farm tools to defend against Samurai
The original styles of Te were: Shuri-te, Naha-te and Tomari-Te
Te was once outlawed
History
Continued
His best student was Chojun Miyagi
He started Goju-ryu
Gichin Funakoshi is another important karate figure
Te was officially called "Karate" (which meant "empty hands") in the early 1900's
History
Continued
Chojun Miyagi was known as "The father of modern Okinawan karate"
He did much to improve Te
His best student was Jinan Shinzato
He died in 1953
Techniques and Rank
Continued
Original karate only had black and white belts
Each style has a different order of belts
Round movements
Master called Sensei
Students called Karatekas
Many Powerful attacks
Full transcript