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Transcript of Greece
Maps and Statistics
Area and population/ Terrain and Climate
Greece has a population of about 10 million people, and has a total area of 51,ooo square miles.
Most of Greece has a mild climate, summers are warm and dry, especially in the southern coastal areas, and the rain is heavy during the winter months. Greece has a Mediterranean climate, much of Greece's terain is mountainous and rocky, with occasional plains.
Natural resources of Greece
Greece has many mineral deposits. They include, marble, clay, nickel, coal, bauxite, ore, and chromate. The country only has one major petroleum deposit in the Aegean Sea.
By: Grecia Castellanos
Major cities include: Patra, Piraeus, Thessaloniki, Larisa, Salonica, and the capital Athens.
Export commodities and GDP/Per capita
Government and Economy
Greece has a constitutional republic. Greece used to have the drachma, and has switched to the Euro currency, 1.00 Euro equals to 1.36 USD.
Greece faces a severe debt crisis beacuse of the industrial development and tourism. The most important economic industries in Greece are tourism and merchant shipping.
Basic export commodities:
Food and beverages
Greece's current GDP is 249.1 (billion USD).
Culture: Traditonal Clothing
The traditional clothing of Greece is a garment called a chiton and a peplos. The peplos is sleeveless, while the chiton only covers part of the arms. Over this, people would wear a cloak called a himation. Women wear a simple cotton dress as a base, with a sleeveless wool vest over it. To this, women can add aprons, sashes, and large head scarves.
The islands and coastal areas of Greece favor lighter dishes that have vegetables or seafood. But, the inland regions like using more meat and cheeses in their cooking. Traditonal foods include the Avgolemono which is a egg- lemon soup, Moussaka which is a lamb- eggplant casserole. Souvlaki, which comes in a variety of styles and shapes. First, a pita is filled with any type of meat that you want (beef, pork, lamb, etc) , Then vegetables are placed on top of it. A tzatziki sauce which is made with yogurt, cucumber and garlic is placed over the souvlaki to top it off. A famous desserts is the Baklava which is made from phyllo dough and is topped off with crushed nuts and honey.
European Countries Project
EARLY DUE DATE: Friday, February 14, 2014 (+10 pts)
DUE DATE: Monday, February 17, 2014
This project is for a MAJOR GRADE. Each student will be given a different country in Europe. You will design a PowerPoint presentation about your country.
Helpful websites – CIA Factbook: www.cia.gov , http://databases.abc-clio.com/Authentication/LogOn , culturegrams: http://online.culturegrams.com . You will find these websites on the library tab of the Klein Collins website.
Cover page/cover slide: Design of your choosing
Include name of country, your name, and period. 10 pts. __________
Section 1 Maps & Statistics
Include: Political map (with capital identified).
List major cities (at least 5).
Show area, population, terrain, climate/weather,
and natural resources for country. 10 pts. __________
Section 2 Government & Economy
Include: Flag, type of government, currency (include
current exchange rate with U.S. dollar), short description
of economy, exports commodities, GDP/Per capita 10 pts. __________
Sections 3 & 4 Culture
Include: Traditional clothing, food, language, housing,
the arts (music), religion, education, holidays,
recreation, customs and courtesies
Include: 3-5 major sites of interest (tourist sites, landmarks)
Include: pictures & examples of all 30 pts. __________
Section 5 History & Facts
Include: a brief history (about a paragraph 6-10+ sentences)
and at least 5 interesting facts. 15 pts. ___________
Section 6 Data Analysis Comparison 15 pts ___________
Compare your chosen country with the United States in the
following statistics: GDP, literacy rate, life expectancy,
urbanization, population growth rate
Write a short paragraph to compare/contrast each of these
statistics. What conclusions (at least 3) can you draw from
Section 7 Grade sheet: This page (-10 points if rubric is missing)
Overall appearance & neatness 10 pts. __________
Bonus (if applicable) 10 pts. __________
FINAL GRADE __________
The inhabitants of Greece speak Greek and other dialects as well, such as Yevanic.
Culture: Housing/ Music
The houses were designed to keep people cool in the summers, and to hold the heat in the winters. In the cities there are apartments and modern homes, with balaconies. Greek homes are ususally very close to each other, and have little to no yard. Many homes are painted white with colorful painted windows and doors, the houses are made of stone, brick, and clay.
Music plays an important role in the greek culture. The types of music catogories are folk music which has 2 groups ( akrictic and klephtic), kantada music from the Kefalonia island, its a style of romantic and serenade music, Nisiotika music which was born in the Greek islands, and there's Rebetiko music, which orginates from Turkey. Famous artist include Dionyssis Savopoulos, Georgios Ntalaras, Nikos Papazoglou, Stavros Xarhakos, etc. They've have mixed rembetiko music with rock.
Culture: Religion/ Education
The main religion of the inhabitants of Greece is Christian Orthodoxy, and other major religions include Catholicism, Judaism, Protestantism, and Islamic.
The Greek education comprises of the 3 levels; Primary, Secondary, and Teritary. Primary is divided into 2 groups, there's Preschool Education and Compulsory Primary Education. The Preschool Education are given by kindergarten classes and the Compulsory Primary Education are given by Primary schools. Secondary the first part is the Compulsory Lower Level Secondary Education which is taught in gymnasiums and the second stage is the Post compulsory Education which is taught by the Unified Lyceums. The teritary education also has 2 steps, there's university education and there's also higher educational institutes.
Greek Christian Orthdox Church
On January 8, women are celebrated, they get to the leave their home and spend time in local bars, where the men stay home and take care of the children.
On March 25, it's Greek's independence day, and it's celebrated with marches and parades.
Easters are very important because different relgions and customs are celebrated.
On August 15, they celebrate the Dormition of the Virign Mary.
On December 26, it's boxing day.
Greek Independence day
Dormition of the Virgin Mary
Culture: Recreation/ Customs
Recreational activities that people enjoy doing in Greece, are visting museums such as the Benaki museum which has an incredible costume collections, or walking down the streets of Greece you will find musicians and you can go shopping. You can ride a cable car to the top of Lykavitos Hills to see the view of Athens. Or you can take the Metro which is really fun because at the stations there's exhibts of all the stuff that was found when they were making the subway.
Cutoms: The Greeks' name their oldest child after their grandparents. They don't celebrate birthdays, but name days ( which are the names associated with their saint name). During wedding cermonies many people wear these charms or necklaces to ward off the evil spirits. When a family member dies, a women would wear black for a year to show respect. Familiy and religion plays a big part of their culture.
Parthenon, Acropolis is where you can see the remains of the Pathenon temple.
Santorini is a volcanic island in the Cyclades, which is one of the Greek Islands. It's known for it's white houses, beautiful sunsets, and its active volcano.
Meteora is located in central Greece and they're monasteries that are situated on top of rocks.
Delphi Theater is the sanctuary of Apollo, its built on top of a hill and has a spectacular view of the landscape of Greece.
Myrtos Beach is located in the Kefalonia Island, it's famous for it's turquoise water and white sand, and is surrounded by mountains and tall cliffs.
Streets of Greece
5 interesting facts about Greece
The Cycladic were the first to start civilization in Greece. Cities like Athens and Sparta had the most advanced civilization. Later in 323 BC, Alexander the Great reunited the Greeks with the Persian Empire. Later Greece would be conquered by the Roman Empire. The Greek culture was an influence between the Roman and Byzantium. The Greeks' were a part of the Roman empire until the Ottoman empire emerged. Greece became an independent country in 1829 from the Ottoman Empire. Later the Greeks' started adding little islands to its country. During WWII, Italy attacked Greece, and the German's took over Greece. After the war ended, Germany was deafeated and Greece became a part of the European Union.
1.Greece has about 2,000 islands
2.The first Olympic Games took place in 776 B.C in Greece.
3.Greeks wave with their palms closed.
4.Greece is the leading producer of sea sponges.
5. Only boys and men were actors in ancient Greek plays.
US vs. Greece
Greece has a population of 10,596,00 and the US has a population of 313.9 milion, as you can tell the US is more populated because it occupies a bigger vast land than Greece and the US has more urbanized cities. The US and Greece have the same life expectancy of 78 years. Greece has a literacy rate of 97% and the US has a 99% literacy rate, so they both have a high standard of education. The US has a GDP ( per capita) of $51,700 and Greece has a GDP (per capita) of $24,300. Greece has a growth rate of -6.4% (2012 est.) and the US has a growth rate of 2.8% (2012 est.), as you can tell the Greece economy has dropped drastically and the US has been steadily increaing. As far as urbanization goes, Greece has a few major cities like Athens and Thessaloniki, where the US has a lot of major cities like New York, Los Angeles, Houston, Dallas, Chicago, etc. The technology and avaliability of resources has a lot to do with it. Urbanization is rather high in the US than Greece, beacuse the US has major roads and highways that help it connect with the cities.