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Grammar Lesson: Simple versus Compound Sentences

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Sarah McNellis

on 20 December 2017

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Transcript of Grammar Lesson: Simple versus Compound Sentences

Grammar Lesson #1: Simple versus Compound Sentences
What is a Simple Sentence?
A clause = the smallest unit of grammar, containing a subject and a verb.
A simple sentence is a clause that completes a thought (independent clause). We're going to label this pattern as:
(IC)

Subject = noun or pronoun (person, place, or thing)

Verb = action word (eat, sleep) or state of being (am, were, is, are)





The Compound Sentence
Our first compound sentence is made up of two independent clauses connected by a coordinating conjunction.
(IC, cc IC)

What is a Coordinating Conjunction?
A coordinating conjunction is a "connector" word. An easy (and dorky) way to remember this is the acronym, FANBOYS.

Examples
For
And
Nor
But
Or
Yet
So
You now know your first two sentence patterns: #1 and #2

#1 is a simple sentence - one independent clause. (IC)

#2 is a compound sentence - two independent clauses connected by a coordinating conjunction. (IC, cc IC)
Examples
I love English.

School is the best.

My teacher was annoying.
I can't think, for I am tired.

This is boring, and grammar seems useless.

I slept through two alarms, so writing is difficult.


Non-Examples
Because the test was hard.

Since my teacher is mean.

Under the desk.
Your Task:
Title your next page "Grammar Practice"

Write two simple #1 (IC) sentences and two compound #2 (IC, cc IC) sentences.

Each sentence must use a vocabulary word from this week. Label your subjects and verbs. Circle your coordinating conjunctions.
Non-Examples

Since the cat ran, and I jumped, I squished it.
Grammar is boring, and dumb.
I am going to Portland today, I'm excited.
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