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Transcript of Multiword Verbs
(aka Phrasal Verbs) Become familiar with trouble spots for students, categories of multiword verbs, and teaching ideas Objectives Transitive verb- a verb that must take an object (sell, find)
Intransitive verb- a verb that does not take an object (run, talk)
Ergative verb- a verb whose subject experiences the action of the verb (the subject does not do the action)
Particle- words that usually function as prepositions or adverbs, but don't when part of a phrasal verb
Phrasal Verbs- a verb + particle= one unit of meaning Key Vocabulary Phrasal Verbs
Phrasal Prepositional Verbs Categories of Phrasal Verbs How do we teach it better? Student Trouble Spots omitting prepositions from prepositional verbs
inserting unnecessary prepositions after a verb
selecting an incorrect choice of verb What you'll find in textbooks: Don’t cover the topic fully
Coverage is haphazard
Don’t show the different structures/categories
Make it seem more complicated than it is
Students can’t determine a system Phrasal Verbs Prepositional Verbs Phrasal Prepositional Verbs References Transitive phrasal verbs separable
permanently separated Intransitive phrasal verbs pure intransitive phrasal verbs
ergative phrasal verbs paired ergative phrasal verbs have transitive counterparts TextbookTimeline Introduces phrasal verbs and idiomatic verbs together
groups by certain verbs (e.g. constructions with go, constructions with look) 1983 2006 2009 categorizes by preposition vs. adverb ...confusing!
phrasal verbs are informal no point in distinguishing between adverb or preposition
most phrasal verbs are not informal Goal: Help students learn English multiword verbs and what they mean verb+particle verb+preposition verb+particle
+preposition can't be separated
meaning usually clear from parts Contextualize avoid the fill-in-the-blank textbook activities
use real language from dialogues, news reports, and even student work Activities 1. Activity 1 pg. 183: act out the meanings
2. Watch a movie and explain the meaning of multiword verbs
3. Use a thematic set of phrasal verbs
travel: go away, set off, take off
work: clock in, slack off, take on
relationships: ask out, make eyes, break up Clandfield, L. (2012). Phrasal verbs: Teaching a thematic ‘set’ of phrasal verbs and personalizing new phrasal verbs- tips and activities. Retrieved from One Stop English website: http://www.onestopenglish.com/skills/vocabulary/phrasal-verbs/phrasal-verbs-teaching-a-thematic-set-of-phrasal-verbs-and-personalizing-new-phrasal-verbs-tips-and-activities/144985.article
Cook, M.J. (1983). Trouble spots of English grammar: A text-workbook for ESL. New York, New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.
Cowan, R. (2012). The teacher’s grammar of English. New York, New York: Cambridge University Press.
Danesi, M. (2006). Basic American grammar and usage: An ESL/EFL handbook. Hauppage, New York: Barron’s.
Hart, C.W. (2009). The ultimate phrasal verb book. Hauppage, New York: Barron’s.
Pesce, C. (2012). How to teach phrasal verbs. Retrieved from Busy Teacher website: http://busyteacher.org/8138-how-to-teach-phrasal-verbs.