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Tangail Tornado of 1996
Transcript of Tangail Tornado of 1996
Series of tornadoes
Jamalpur & Tangail
Bashail and Gopalpur
So, the Government...
15 yrs military rule, 8 yrs martial law
due to political aggravation
Who's in the "driver's seat"?
Human Resources & Health Policy
Asso. of Development Agencies in Banglash
"...leading and largest coordinating organization of the NGOs working in Bangladesh."
ADAB in Action
Attended donors meeting (UNICEF, WHO, IFRC, UNDP/DHA) 48 hours after disaster
Reported clean water crisis
Launched appeal to donors on behalf of its NGOs
Released damage estimates report alongside gov't report
Strengthened local NGO network
& the Work of the
Points to Note
Major players: DHA, UNDAC, ADAB
Political tension around elections
History vs Preparedness
55,500 sq mi
89% Muslim, 9% Hindu
166,280, 712 (3,046,355)*
Major Urban Areas
Dhaka 15 mil
NYC 19 mil
M: 69 F: 73
M: 77 F: 89
3.7% of GDP (174)
Sanitation facility access
< 5 underwight
5% (40% underemployed)
Income of high 10%
Income of low 10%
Population below poverty line
December 16, 1971
6% every year since 1996
Few hundred tornado shelters
Improvements to warning system & Cyclone Preparedness Program
World's deadliest tornado
Possible reasons for high fatality counts:
High population density
Problems with warning systems
Lack of preparedness programs
Beliefs in myths
Access to medical facilities
Crippling losses to
Complete harvest before monsoon
So, these Donors...
Circumvent Bangladesh gov't
Patchwork aid causes disparities
Focus on micro projects
Not much policy-level investment
Extended funding for broader health needs
Ain't No Party with These Parties
Most political leaders had military pedigree
First free election in 1991
Next election in 1996
Paid anti- and pro-gov't demonstrators
DHA + UNDP + IFRC
2 military hospitals at capacity
Disaster "within national coping capacities"
Gov't + ADAB + UN agencies/donors/Red Cross/NGOs
Gov't: damage is "very severe," "would not object" donor support, "welcome any voluntary offer"
DHA/UNDAC compile needs assessments
Death estimates 1000+
Identified areas most affected
Tubewells replaced for water
Extensive reports on: impact, health, water/sanitation, shelter, food/crops, infrastructure, national operations and constraints, on-site response, priority needs, logistics/distribution
Solidified damage estimates
Reports now include: cost of implementation, employment creation, repair/construction, income opportunities
Association of Development Agencies in Bangladesh (ADAB). (2003). ADAB. Retrieved from http://www.adab.org.bd/
Buse, K. (1999). Keeping a tight grip on the reins: donor control over aid coordination and management in Bangladesh. Health Policy and Planning, 14(3), 219-228. Retrieved from http://heapol.oxfordjournals.org/
Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). (2014). Bangladesh. In The world factbook. Retrieved from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/bg.html
Iowa Department of Natural Resources. (2014). Canoeing and kayaking. Retrieved from http://www.iowadnr.gov/Recreation/CanoeingKayaking.aspx
Iowa Department of Transportation. (2011). Roads, streets, and bridges. Retrieved from http://www.iowadot.gov/about/Roads,Streets,andBridges.html
Iowa Department of Transportation. (2011). Office of Rail Transportation. Retrieved from http://www.iowadot.gov/iowarail/history/history.htm
Parliamentary democracy. (2014). In Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved from http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/1384209/parliamentary-democracy
Relief Web International. (1996). Bangladesh: Storm – May 1996. Retrieved from http://reliefweb.int/taxonomy/term/6214
--. (2003). Bangladesh: UNDP and government sign multi-million dollar disaster management deal. UN Development Programme. Retrieved from http://reliefweb.int/report/bangladesh/bangladesh-undp-and-government-sign-multi-million-dollar-disaster-management-deal
Schmidlin, T. W., & Ono, Y. (1996). Tornadoes in the districts of Jamalpur and Tangail in Bangladesh. FMHI Publications. Retrieved from http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/fmhi_pub/76
Suburban Stats. (2014). How many people live in Iowa for 2013 and 2014. Retrieved from http://suburbanstats.org/population/how-many-people-live-in-iowa
Zafarullah, H., & Rahman, R. (2008). The impaired state: Assessing state capacity and governance in Bangladesh. International Journal of Public Sector Management, 21(7), 739-752. doi: 0.1108/09513550810904541
"to promote, sustain an NGO sector, which will play an effective role in establishing a just, democratic and gender sensitized secular society."
"coordination between NGOs and other civil society orgs"
"strengthen GO-NGO relationship"
"environment of mutual understanding"
"establish gender equality"
"promote policy advocacy"
"ensure transparency and accountability"
ADAB is a solid organization that not only
coordinate at the ground level
but also attempts to
advocate for policies
that benefit the greater Bangladeshi population.