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Tangail Tornado of 1996

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on 22 April 2014

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Transcript of Tangail Tornado of 1996

May 13, 1996 Tornado
Series of tornadoes
F-4
525-605 deaths
Jamalpur & Tangail
70-90%
Bashail and Gopalpur
Politics
So, the Government...
15 yrs military rule, 8 yrs martial law
"Unparalleled generosity"

54
hartals
due to political aggravation
Rampant bribery

Who's in the "driver's seat"?
Human Resources & Health Policy
Statistics
ADAB
Asso. of Development Agencies in Banglash
"...leading and largest coordinating organization of the NGOs working in Bangladesh."
Humanitarian Response
DHA
UNDP
ADAB
WHO
UNICEF
UNDAC
DAE
DMT
EDM
DMB
FAO
ACT
CCDB
IFRC
BDRCS
PROSHIKA
BRAC
WFP
UNHCR
FPAB
BWHC
USAID
AUSAID
ODA
DANIDA
NORAD
EU
CIDA
SIDA
ADAB in Action
Attended donors meeting (UNICEF, WHO, IFRC, UNDP/DHA) 48 hours after disaster
Reported clean water crisis
Launched appeal to donors on behalf of its NGOs
Released damage estimates report alongside gov't report
Strengthened local NGO network
Bangladesh Tornado
of 1996
& the Work of the
ADAB

Points to Note
Major players: DHA, UNDAC, ADAB

Political tension around elections

History vs Preparedness
Area:
55,500 sq mi
Ethnic groups:
98% Bengali
Language:
Bangla/Bengali
Religion:
89% Muslim, 9% Hindu
Population:
166,280, 712 (3,046,355)*

Urban Population
28%

82%
Major Urban Areas
Dhaka 15 mil

NYC 19 mil
Maternal Mortality
240/100K (49)

21/100K (136)
Infant Mortality
46/1K (45)

6/1K (169)
Life expectancy
M: 69 F: 73
M: 77 F: 89
Health expenditures
3.7% of GDP (174)

17.9% (3)
Education expenditures
2.2% (161)

5.4% (63)
Physicians density
0.36/1,000

2.42/1,000
Hospital beds
0.6/1,000

3/1,000
Sanitation facility access
54.70%

99.60%
< 5 underwight
36.8% (5)

1.3% (129)
Unemployment
5% (40% underemployed)

7.30%
Income of high 10%
27%

30%
Income of low 10%
4%
2%
Population below poverty line
32%

15%

Airports/Heliports
21
115*
Railways
1,600 mi

3,905 mi*
Roadways
13,200 mi

114,320 mi*
Waterways
5,200 mi

18,000 mi*
Also...
December 16, 1971
Parliamentary Democracy
6% every year since 1996
Previous Disasters
1970 Tornado
500,000 deaths
Few hundred tornado shelters
Improvements to warning system & Cyclone Preparedness Program

1989 Tornado
800-1,300 deaths
World's deadliest tornado
Possible reasons for high fatality counts:
Inadequate housing
High population density

Problems with warning systems

Lack of preparedness programs

Beliefs in myths

Access to medical facilities
Crippling losses to
housing,

livestock,

crop,

tubewells,

schools
Complete harvest before monsoon
Military tensions
So, these Donors...
Circumvent Bangladesh gov't
Patchwork aid causes disparities
Expatriate employment

Focus on micro projects
Not much policy-level investment

Extended funding for broader health needs
Ain't No Party with These Parties
Most political leaders had military pedigree
First free election in 1991
Next election in 1996
Paid anti- and pro-gov't demonstrators
14 May
DHA + UNDP + IFRC
2 military hospitals at capacity
Disaster "within national coping capacities"
15 May
Gov't + ADAB + UN agencies/donors/Red Cross/NGOs
Gov't: damage is "very severe," "would not object" donor support, "welcome any voluntary offer"
DHA/UNDAC compile needs assessments
16 May
Death estimates 1000+
Identified areas most affected
Tubewells replaced for water
20 May
Extensive reports on: impact, health, water/sanitation, shelter, food/crops, infrastructure, national operations and constraints, on-site response, priority needs, logistics/distribution
24 May
Solidified damage estimates
Reports now include: cost of implementation, employment creation, repair/construction, income opportunities
References
Association of Development Agencies in Bangladesh (ADAB). (2003). ADAB. Retrieved from http://www.adab.org.bd/

Buse, K. (1999). Keeping a tight grip on the reins: donor control over aid coordination and management in Bangladesh. Health Policy and Planning, 14(3), 219-228. Retrieved from http://heapol.oxfordjournals.org/

Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). (2014). Bangladesh. In The world factbook. Retrieved from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/bg.html

Iowa Department of Natural Resources. (2014). Canoeing and kayaking. Retrieved from http://www.iowadnr.gov/Recreation/CanoeingKayaking.aspx

Iowa Department of Transportation. (2011). Roads, streets, and bridges. Retrieved from http://www.iowadot.gov/about/Roads,Streets,andBridges.html

Iowa Department of Transportation. (2011). Office of Rail Transportation. Retrieved from http://www.iowadot.gov/iowarail/history/history.htm

Parliamentary democracy. (2014). In Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved from http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/1384209/parliamentary-democracy

Relief Web International. (1996). Bangladesh: Storm – May 1996. Retrieved from http://reliefweb.int/taxonomy/term/6214

--. (2003). Bangladesh: UNDP and government sign multi-million dollar disaster management deal. UN Development Programme. Retrieved from http://reliefweb.int/report/bangladesh/bangladesh-undp-and-government-sign-multi-million-dollar-disaster-management-deal

Schmidlin, T. W., & Ono, Y. (1996). Tornadoes in the districts of Jamalpur and Tangail in Bangladesh. FMHI Publications. Retrieved from http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/fmhi_pub/76

Suburban Stats. (2014). How many people live in Iowa for 2013 and 2014. Retrieved from http://suburbanstats.org/population/how-many-people-live-in-iowa

Zafarullah, H., & Rahman, R. (2008). The impaired state: Assessing state capacity and governance in Bangladesh. International Journal of Public Sector Management, 21(7), 739-752. doi: 0.1108/09513550810904541
Founded 1974
1175 members

Mission:
"to promote, sustain an NGO sector, which will play an effective role in establishing a just, democratic and gender sensitized secular society."
Strategic Objectives:
"coordination between NGOs and other civil society orgs"
"strengthen GO-NGO relationship"
"environment of mutual understanding"
"establish gender equality"
"promote policy advocacy"
"ensure transparency and accountability"
ADAB is a solid organization that not only
looks to
coordinate at the ground level
but also attempts to
advocate for policies
that benefit the greater Bangladeshi population.
Full transcript