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Copy of Paddy Clarke Hahaha
Transcript of Copy of Paddy Clarke Hahaha
We are able to see Paddy's attitudes towards the outside world as he often comments on how he feels about them.
The outside world appears frequently throughout the novel to highlight Paddy's, and other characters' perspective on things at certain times in the book, their characteristics and the important themes in the book, such as the marital breakdown between his mother and father. It also appears to highlight certain aspects of the book such as domestic milieu and gang rivalry. The outside world is often used to illustrate Paddy's development in the novel.
We see how the outside world affects Paddy's relationship with the other characters and the relationship between the other characters in the novel. The outside world also effects the audience's view of Paddy and our understanding of what is happening in the book. Influences
of school and other marital breakdowns Friends influence Paddy in a bad way and we see this on page 8/9 when they peer pressue Paddy into putting lighter fuel in Sinbads mouth in order for him to be accepeted into the gang. Paddys friends influence his attitude and add confidence to his character he is willing to engage in petty violence e.g the lighter fuel and also petty vandalism when he is messing about in a building yard where he is not allowed to be.
School is a frequent influence on Paddy, it is an important factor in the book as it is sometimes used for Paddy as an escape from home life or indeed a relection of the state of his homelife; Influences of music Throughout the novel we see music as being a key element into allowing the audience to witness the different relationships Paddy has with other characters and Paddy's thoughts and interests. " The music in the Vikings was the best thing about it; it was brilliant...you remembered it forever." This tells the reader that Paddy enjoys and appreciates music, and that he is able to refer to it throughout the book, such as referring to film soundtracks. "We all did the Viking's music Duh Deeh Duh- Duh Deeh Duh..."(page 75) This shows how Paddy is able to escape the reality of his own life and create an imaginary world for himself and his friends with colour and vitality, which are related to his musical interest. Music is an important theme which links to the relationship between Paddy and his father as we see his father taking pride in teaching Paddy new songs. "I married a wife...she's the plague of my life...oh i wish I was single again."(page 83) As Paddy sings this, we immediately associate it with Mr and Mrs Clarke's relationship, as it was Paddy's father who taught Paddy the song. This is very important to the novel, as it allows us to see how the father feels about his wife. This is also shown on page 89, "A man needs a woman that he can lean on-but my leaning post is done le-eft and gone." "It was all like that, funny and easy...Miss Watkins stopped me after the verse about Brian O'Linn going a-courting because she thought it was going to get dirtier."(page 87) This shows the reader how humour is also related to music within the text, and it also tells the reader that rudeness is typical when coming from Paddy, as the teacher tells him to stop. "My ma was humming as well. The same song as my da. It wasn't a proper song, just a hum with a few notes in it. It didn't sound like they knew they were humming the same thing."(page 104) This justifies the breakdown of communication between Paddy's mother and father, as it says they are humming the same thing, but not in harmony with each other, which symbolises how not only are they not humming in harmony with each other, but they are not living in harmony with each other. The reference to music within the novel gives the reader an insight to understand meanings which are hidden within the text and relate to the main theme of the book, marital breakdown. Influences of books and newspapers In the novel, books have a huge importance as they allow the reader to witness Paddy's intelligence as he often refers to books he has read, and it also makes the novel seem very realistic and true to life. Books also illustrate Paddy's interests as he often talks about books about history. Futhermore we see how newspapers allow the reader to see the world outside of Barrytown and highlight Paddy and his fathers relationship as it is when Mr. Clarke teaches Paddy of global events, when we see them bonding. "The best story I ever read was about Fr. Damien and the lepers."(page 40) This quote shows Paddy's simple outlook informed by his Catholic education and also how books influence his behaviour , as he continues to say, "I needed some lepers." This shows how Paddy's imaginative inner world is encouraged due to the infuence of books.
The influence of newspapers throughout the text is quite clear and occurs frequently. Influences of change of development The change of development within Barrytown highlights to the reader the social snobbery in the book. It also highlights petty vandalism, violence and boyish behaviour in the novel, due to the new corporation houses and those who live in them. "The traps were supposed to be for the enemy."(page 117) This also illustrates gang rivalry in the book and Paddy's obsession to hurt the "enemy". The change of development in Barrytown reveals to the reader Paddy's attention to detail as he specificly remembers how so many things change. We know that Paddy was not really aware of his mother and father's marital problems at this stage in the book as he is so focused on his friends and the changing area around him. As towards the end of the novel, when Paddy is aware of the abusive relationship between his mother and father, he rarely mentions the drastically changing area around him. "We owned Barrytown, the whole lot of it. It went on forever. It was a country." These comments highlight Paddy's desire to control. We also witness Paddy's pride in the area in the way he emphasises how big it is. This also underlines the fact that Paddy is a child, and is not aware of the size of other big cities and towns in the world. Paddy's friendship with the other children in the book, allows him to escape from his mother and fathers marital problems, and act like a child. It also hides the relationship problems between Mr. and Mrs. Clarke from the reader, as Paddy is so focused on his friends, that he does not notice it. The reader sees what he sees so therefore does not notice it either. Paddy gets to enhance his leadership qualities through the relationship with his friends. It is his escape because he loves to portray himself as a leader and to be control over a situation, which is not the case in his parent's relationship. Influence of friends WISH What were the writers intentions?
-what were Roddy Doyle's intentions for including outside influences in the novel?
to portray the reality of Paddy's life in the book
to show how these outside influences affect Paddy and his attitudes
to highlight the different relationships that Paddy has within the book e.g. Henno, his father, Kevin
Was he successful, how do we know?
Doyle was successful in doing this as the audince is aware of the reality of the novel and that some aspects of the novel may be based on Doyle's child life.
We recognise that Paddy's attitudes towards things and other characters are affected due to the influences surrounding him.
The reader establishes how the outside influences allow Paddy to make connections with certain characeters, and to build a bond with them, such as his father and the connection with music Content Attitudes On pages 22 and 23, it shows the influence that newspapers have on the relationship between Paddy and his da. Paddy admires his father, and Mr. Clarke adopts the role of a teacher as he informs Paddy of the Arabs, and takes an interst in what Paddy is being taught at school. Effects Techniques “Da’s face was different when he was reading the paper...I loked at my ma. She was reading Woman; not really reading, turning the pages, still looking at the page as she was turning...” This is a representative of the marital problems in the Clarke household, and the breakdown in communication. Mrs. Clarke isn’t really reading the paper and Paddy is able to notice this, yet she feels like she should be doing something. Perhaps this is the parents way of trying to create a normal home for their children without having to talk to each other. Content Attitudes Techniques Effects Content Attitudes Paddys friends help us notice Paddys development in the novel, as he changes when he is around friends, by using vandalism and bullying whereas around parens he is innocent and inquizative, he also trys to break away from his group in order to be a leader, he thinks he is better than them. Techniques Effects Content "I pushed him away from the goal. - This is our field, I said. I'd pushed him hard." (page 120) This shows how the new corporation houses encourage Paddy and his friends to use violence and highlights the gang rivalry in the book. "Slum scum." As Paddy refers to the people living in the corporation houses "scum" it shows his snobbery and how he looks down on these people as he thinks they are inferior. Attitudes Effects Techniques Page 21 “I got the newspaper everyday for my da when he’d get home from work and at the same time on Saturdays. Ma gave me the money, The Evening Press” –Again we see the side of Paddy’s character which likes routine and organisation. “Newspapers were stupid, with their World Qar Three looms near when all that was happening was the Israelis millin the Arabs..." We feel sympathy for Paddy as he hates newspapers for keeping his dad preoccupied and less interested in his family. This quote also highlights Paddy’s stage of development within the novel, he still clearly doesn’t understand many things and just believes what he see or hears. “Papers were boring. Da sometimes read out to my ma what Backbencher said and it was stupid. Ma listened but only because he was her husband” -This is a very significant line. We learn that Mrs. Clarke is not really interested in the papers or what is going on outside her home, yet she is more tolerant than Mr. Clarke and is prepared to listen to him, perhaps out of duty. Paddy hates the fact that the papers and magazines create such an awkward atmosphere. He hates the fact that his parents don’t talk to each other, and don’t pay enough attention to him while they are silently reading; “Newspapers were bastards” On page 32, Mr. Clarke leaves the table at dinner, and goes to read his paper. This shows Mr. Clarke's poor relationship with his family as it hints at his disassociation with the family and his lack of interest in quality time with them. Attitudes Techniques Effects On pages 62-64 "quickly we sat up straight" and "...we couldn't laugh" This is at the start of the novel, and Paddy feels quite uneasy and fearful of his teacher but also enjoys school life, "we went to the pictures instead, in the hall...it was brilliant" "a fella got sick in class today" (page 126) This passage highlights Paddy's development, he uses school as a method of defence for Sibad a stark contrast to p.65 when Paddy "loved getting him into trouble" Page 192 "I'm in the best desk", Paddy says to his father. School obviously means a great deal to him, he appreciates it and tries to create a connection with his father about it as he too apreciates the value of education although, in this particular inccident his father is not interested highlighting the deteriorating relationship between Paddy and his father. Perhaps one of the most touching passages in the novel is page 234-235, which occurs in school, "I wanted to sleep, to know I was asleep" and "Henno was there" This passage is extremely revelatory to Paddy's character, we see the strain that his parents relationship is having on him physically, emotionally and even the effects this has on his friends, "no one smiled or nudged". What is most important and wonderful about this passage is the the immediate change of relationship between Paddy and Henno. On page 228 Paddy asks Kevin “Do your ma and da have fights”, and on page 245 Paddys says, “Edward Swanwick’s ma ran away with a pilot from Aer Lingus...she never came back” Paddy is almost comforted by the fact that other marriages breakdown throughout the novel, it does not make it any easier for him emotionally but most definitely influences his understanding of why marriages breakdown. He begins to realise that although, it was not common at the time, divorce was not an alien subject to him he understands why it happens and why it was happening to him. Techniques Effects Attitudes Content Content