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A-Z Civil War Project

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Ashlyn Twiford

on 15 May 2014

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Transcript of A-Z Civil War Project

A-Z Civil War Project
By: Ashlyn Twiford
A - Abolitionists
An abolitionist is someone who wishes to abolish or end slavery. During the Abolitionist Movement, the abolitionist valued personal freedom and believed "all men are created equal". The Abolitionist Movement employed risky and radical tactics to bring an end to slavery.
B - Blockade
A blockade is the effort by the North to keep ships from entering or leaving Southern ports. The North was trying to prevent the export of cotton and the smuggling of war material into the Confederacy. Blockades were an important economic policy that successfully prevented Confederate access to weapons.
C - Confederacy
The confederacy consists of the Confederate states in the US. The states include AL, AR, FL, GA, LA, MS, NC, SC, TX, & VA. The Confederacy was also known as the South or rebels.
D - Defeat
The Civil War was a battle between the North and South. The North eventually won. After the South had been
defeated
, they were returned to the Union.
E - Emancipation
Emancipation is the freedom from slavery. The Emancipation Proclamation was issued on January 1, 1863 by Abraham Lincoln. It was during the third year of the Civil War.
F - Federal
Federal means supporter of the Federalist party. Federalists were from the North. They are also called the Union or Yankees.
G - Greenback
Greenbacks are a type of ccurrency that started circulating in the North. They began to circulate with the passage of Legal Tender Act. The bill were called greenbacks because of their green color.
H - Haversack
A haversack is a small canvas bag. Typically it is used to carry a soldier's food. Most of the time these bags were made waterproof by painting them with black tar.
I - Industry
An industry is a place where goods, such as cloth from cotton is manufactured. Industrialization was very important to the North's way of life during and before the Civil War. While the South relied more on Farming, the North relied more on industries and factories.
J - John Wilkes Booth
John Wilkes Booth plays a very important role in history. He was responsible for the assassination of Abraham Lincoln. He shot him in the back of the head at Ford's Theatre, Washington D.C.
K - Killing
During the Civil War, there was lots and lots of killing. Approximately 620,000 soldiers died in the war. Though some deaths were caused by combat, some were caused by accident, starvation, and disease.
L - Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln was elected president just before the Civil War. He was elected without a single Southern state's support. His election was one of the primary reasons the war broke out.
M - Medicine
A - Antietam
The Battle of Antietam was a battle fought on September 17, 1862 in the South. It was also known as the Battle of Sharpsburg. About 23,000 people died in this battle.
During the Civil War, different types of medicine was used. One type was an Anesthesia inhaler. This was used when a soldier's arm or leg had to be amputated.
N - North
The North was also called the Union or the US. They were Federalists and stayed loyal to the government during the Civil War. They also won the war.
O - Ohio
Ohio played a key role during the Civil War. It helped provide troops, military officers, and supplies to the Union army. Ohio also played a key role in the Underground Railroad.
K - KKK
KKK stands for Ku Klux Klan. It is America's oldest "hate" group targeted toward African Americans. The KKK was founded in 1866 and extended into almost every southern state by 1870.
P - Prison
The Andersonville Prison in Andersonville, GA held more prisoners than any other Confederate prisons. It only exisisted for 14 months and more than 45,000 Federalists were imprisoned there. More than 13,000 died of disease, poor sanitation, malnutrition, overcrowding, or exposure to the elements.
C - Copperheads
The copperheads were a local group of Democrats located in the North. They opposed the Civil War. They wanted immediate peace with the Confederates.
R - Rebel
A rebel is someone who is loyal to the Confederate states. The rebels were fighting against the Union. Rebel are also called Confederates or Southern.
S - Sectionalism
Sectionalism is Promoting the interests of a section or region (such as the North or the South) instead of the entire country. Sectionalism divided the country. Issues such as slavery, representation and state rights divided the country.
S - Segregation
Segregation is the action or state of setting someone or something apart from other people or things or being set apart. After the Civil War, black past slaves had hoped to join a larger society to become equal citizens. Instead the whole society was segregated.
T - Technology
Lots of new technology was invented during the Civil War such as:
- submarine
- railroad
- telegraph
These inventions helped with the war and changed people's lives.
T - Thomas Jefferson
Thomas Jefferson was one of the most honored heroes of the Civil War. He was considered a hero because he fought on both sides of the war. He joined the Confederacy.
U - Union
The Union was the portion of the country that remained loyal to the federal government. Also called the North or the US.
V - Volunteer
A volunteer is someone who does something because they want to, they don't have to. Most soldiers were volunteers esp. at the beginning of the war. A lot of men wanted to fight for their cause.
Sources
civilwar.org
historynet.com
history.state.gov
history.com
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