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Rhetorical Analysis: Chapters 1-2
Transcript of Rhetorical Analysis: Chapters 1-2
a rhetorical process for designing composition
Rhetoric (n) The art of speaking or writing effectively as:
the study of principles and rules of composition formulated by critics of ancient times
the study of writing or speaking as a means of communication or persuasion
composing a statement of purpose
What is a Rhetorical Analysis?
Separating out the parts of an existing argument to better understand how that argument works as a whole
When you are reviewing someone else's writing, you should be looking at these elements.
What motivated the author to write?
What event or action made the author start writing?
What is the writer trying to get you to think about or do?
What are the major and minor assertions the author is making?
What is the authors Thesis?
(main claim or controlling idea that crystallizes the author’s main point and helps the reader track the idea as it develops throughout the essay)
Who is the writer talking to?
Primary: the goal
Secondary: possible others
Tertiary: everyone else
Read: Chapters 10
Homework: Complete the Project 2 Prewriting and complete Project 1
What choices do you need to make in order to shape your writing for the audience, given the purpose and context
Writing needs inspiration
Writing should happen quickly
Learning to write one form allows you to write in all
Revision is the same as editing
Annotate your resources as you read - note any key terms, write your questions, indicate connections
List your Ideas and Responses:
What did you observe?
Did you agree with the author?
What will you use in your essay?
Do you agree/disagree with the authors?
How would you respond?
Writing a Draft
Look at and Gather Materials
Identify the Issue
Formulate a Question
Formulate a Thesis
Consider Possible Arguments
Peer Reviews - ask for help
Clarify – Make sure your content is not confusing or missing elements
Provide Details and Evidence – using your research materials, add specifics
Include Opposing Views – address your view and include the views of others fairly
Consider Strategies – what is effective at getting your point across clearly?
Pick Your Film
you've seen before
Before you leave today
Tell me what it is...
Pick your Film
a Statement of Purpose
purpose audience context
strategies medium arrangement
Everyday Notions of Argument
when people vent their opinions and try to downplay (or tear apart) the others' opinions.
arguments might also include
For this class, arguments occur when
people disagree or understand an issue differently
people reveal their reasons for understanding issues as they do
uses logical "forms of arguments," structures of organization that (generally) have explicit statements of premise in support of a stated conclusion.
showing others a new possible position that they had not considered before, or shifting their values (without any explicit statement of purpose and conclusion)
Argument is presenting our positions to others in a form that will allow others to see, hear, and consider them. When you write an argument, you should have in mind a piece of communication that you hope will direct or shape an audience's attentions.
Note: rarely do our words completely change the minds of others
While everyone has their own process for writing, there are some commonly agreed upon elements that you will need to know for the academic writing you will do in college...
The Writing Process
Observe, ask questions, and
Reflect on your observations,
examine points of view, ask
Conversation - be receptive,
respectful. engaging, and
(Writing as a Process)
Habits - of - Mind
What are the project's purpose, context, and audience?
A draft is not notes. It is the first attempt at your paper/essay. It should have an introduction, content, and conclusion, and be written in full paragraphs.
Writers will move back and forth among the writing
process steps as they continue writing ... this is not a "must complete step 1 before
moving to step 2" process.
Statement of Purpose
Purpose -vs- Thesis
a purpose helps the writer think deeply about the reasons for writing, context, and audience to determine the amount of emotion, evidence, and examples to use in the piece
a thesis statement suggests points that the writer needs to make in the argument in order to explain the claims made within the piece
Statement of Purpose
a piece of writing that helps you tie together the purpose, audiences, and contexts, in order to see how they interrelate
What Are You Trying To Do?
What is your motivation in this communication situation?
What do you hope your audience will do, feel, or think after having experienced the communication you will produce?
Is there an event or situation that made you want to communicate with others?
What would be the best and worst possible outcomes of the communication?
How will your communication change the situation in which you make the communication?
Whom Are You Addressing?
Create a list of your audience's characteristics
Why should your audience be interested in your communication?
Add your observations to the characteristics list
Filter your audience list for the most important characteristics
Where & When Is Your Communication?
When will your communication take place?
Where will your communication take place?
How will the time/place shape your audience's expectations?
The purpose of this type of writing is to persuade readers to try something new,
or in some cases, deter readers from doing something that is not worthwhile.
Choose a film that deals with fear
Create your judgement criteria
Write a summary and critique
Develop a claim
Provide evidence to support your claim
Approximately 3-4 pages
Stapled (memo, paper, citations, annotations, and observation notes)
Minimum of 4 resources
One resource may be your film
One resource must be a book
Must include a Works Cited page and Annotated Bibliography
Must have a cover memo with a brief overview of your project, judgement criteria, & honor statement
Note: see Canvas for the MLA style paper.
Be sure you place your images correctly.
Please take time to read through the assignment sheet now.
What questions do you have?
Revision Workshop (20 points)
Final Essay (100 points)
Judgement Criteria (in memo)
Observation Notes (attached)
For Argument's Sake
But... your statement of purpose is NOT simply restating your purpose, audience, and context.
It is a stand-alone statement (1-4 sentences) that explains those three elements in a cohesive way.