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Leadership Styles

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Group 1 LP, JA, LN, BW

on 13 February 2014

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Transcript of Leadership Styles

Laissez-Faire Leader
Democratic/Participative Leader
Authoritarian Leader
These four leadership styles have unique elements that are useful in different situations. By using credible sources we were able to identify what makes each style a success and failure. By applying this knowledge to our future studies and our work environments we will be able to enhance our own leadership skills and achieve the best possible results.
Leadership Styles
Leadership styles vary depending on a variety of criteria including, the relationship between group members, the nature of the work, and the match between the difficulty of the task and skill of group members (Leadership Toolbox: Leadership styles 2008). This presentation identifies four different leadership styles and discusses the main attributes, advantages and disadvantages, and when and where each style is commonly used.

Using Metzger’s checklist approach (2007, p. 2079) we were able to assess the credibility of our sources. The accuracy of information was verified against other sources and was supported by the presence of external links. The authors have extensive leadership experience and each source provides external links that inform readers of their leadership history that further establishes their authority. When evaluating objectivity we determined that all of the sources are informational and provide facts. All sources are current making the information reliable and up to date.

Who would
you follow?
Donald Trump is an example of a
democratic/participative leader
Encourages creativity and team work
Group members are more engaged which leads to:
Better ideas and solutions (Cherry, 2013)
Higher productivity, job satisfaction and staff retention
Increased motivation and ambition (Zervas and Lassiter 2007)
Group members need to have the necessary skills or knowledge to make quality contributions
Participation takes time so the decision-making process can be very slow
Not suitable in situations where efficiency is essential e.g. during a crisis (Zervas and Lassiter 2007)
When and
where to use
This style is most suitable in situations where broad or complex problems need to be solved or where creative thinking is required. The flexibility to adapt to new situations also makes it an ideal choice when implementing operational changes. It is most effective when group members are experienced and willing to share their knowledge (Leadership Styles: Democratic Leadership Style 2008).
Best fits for this type of leadership include:
Creative groups
Service industry (Leadership Styles: Democratic Leadership Style 2008)
Main Attributes
A democratic or participative leader involves group members in the decision-making process by encouraging them to share ideas and opinions. The team discusses the ideas as a group but the leader makes the final decision (Cherry 2013).
Adolf Hitler is an example of an authoritarian leader
Main Attributes
An Authoritarian leader is not a team player. They will tell you what to do, how to do it and will rarely take your suggestions into consideration (Cherry 2014). This leadership style is the most controversial given the little amount of control group members have over situations (Leadership Styles: Autocratic Leadership 2008).
When and
where to use
This style is most suitable in situations that need to be tightly controlled, are time sensitive and situations where mistakes and errors aren’t acceptable (Leadership Styles: Autocratic Leadership 2008).

Best fits for this type of leadership include:
Military, manufacturing and construction environments (Leadership Styles: Autocratic Leadership 2008)
Crisis and emergency situations where decisions need to be made and followed quickly

The ability to make decisions quickly without disagreements
Group collaboration is limited which creates the risk of not getting the best results
Group motivation and morale also decrease since members aren’t allowed to contribute their ideas (Cherry 2014)
Group members know what they have to do and whom they report to (Travis 2008)
Most effective in situations where the group members are motivated, skilled and are able to work on their own (Cherry 2013)
Leaders can still remain open to group member’s consultation and feedback (Nordmeyer 2013)
Not ideal in situations where group members lack experience and knowledge to complete tasks and to make important decisions (Cherry 2013)
Projects can go off track if group members lack skills to manage projects or solve problems on their own, when not receiving enough guidance or feedback from leaders (Cherry 2013)
When and
where to use
This style is most suitable in situations where group members are highly qualified in their field of expertise and are motivated to complete tasks.
Main Attributes
A Laissez-Faire leader provides very little guidance to fellow group members. Taking a ‘hands off’ approach, these leaders allow complete freedom to fellow members to make decisions (Cherry 2013). A Laissez-Faire leader provides the tools and resources for group members to complete tasks, yet they are expected to solve problems on their own. It has been found that this style of leadership leads to the lowest productivity among group members (Cherry 2013).
Warren Buffet is an example of a Laissez-Faire Leader
Transformational Leader
The transformational leadership style promotes good communication between the leader and group member
Individualized attention and praise for unique contributions results in higher productivity and satisfaction
Transformational leaders inspire their group members and often become a "Role Model" (Bass and Riggio 2006)
Some group members may be reluctant to adopt the vision or ideals of the transformational leader for various personal reasons
The high levels of energy and enthusiasm displayed can "wear out" group members causing them to become dissatisfied
The tendency to focus on the "big picture" can cause small details to be missed (Bass and Riggio 2006)
When and
where to use
This style is most suitable in situations where change is required. For example, if a sporting team were having a terrible season, a transformational leader could inspire the team to perform better.

Best fits for this type of leadership include:
A company merger
Situations where performance has to be improved

Main Attributes
Transformational leaders are those who stimulate, inspire and motivate their group members towards a common goal. They are often enthusiastic, persuasive and charismatic.
(Bass and Riggio 2006)

A transformational leader engages group members as individuals, encouraging ideas and helping them to explore new concepts.

Nelson Mandela is an example
of a transformational leader
Bass, B, & Riggio, R 2006, Transformational Leadership, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc., New Jersey.

Cherry, K 2013, Democratic Leadership – Psychology Definition of the Week, About.com, viewed 12 January 2014 <http://psychology.about.com/b/2013/10/18/democratic-leadership-psychology-definition-of-the-week.htm>

Cherry, K 2013, Lewin’s Leadership Styles – Three Major Styles of Leadership, About.com, viewed 15 January 2014, < http://psychology.about.com/od/leadership/a/leadstyles.htm>

Cherry, K 2014, What Is Autocratic Leadership?, About.com, viewed 4 January 2014, <http://psychology.about.com/od/leadership/f/autocratic-leadership.htm>

Cherry, K 2013, What is Democratic Leadership?, About.com, viewed 12 January 2014 < http://psychology.about.com/od/leadership/f/democratic-leadership.htm>

Cherry, K 2013, What Is Laissez-Faire Leadership?, About.com, viewed 15 January 2014, <http://psychology.about.com/od/leadership/f/laissez-faire-leadership.htm>

Doss M 2008, ‘Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini in Munich, Germany’[image], Marion Doss’s photostream, Flickr, viewed 19 January 2014, <http://www.flickr.com/photos/ooocha/2629711091/>

Leadership Styles: Autocratic leadership 2008, Leadership-Toolbox.com, viewed 5 January 2014, <http://www.leadership-toolbox.com/autocratic-leadership.html>

Leadership Styles: Democratic Leadership Style 2008, Leadership-Toolbox.com, viewed 12 January 2014 < http://www.leadership-toolbox.com/democratic-leadership-style.html >

(Skidmore 2011)
Best fits for this type of leadership include:
Specialist Staff or Consultants
Small Businesses
People accustomed to work in team environments (Nordmeyer 2013)
Group 1 Wiki table
Adolf Hitler
Donald Trump
Warren Buffet

Nelson Mandela.

Four different leaders with four different leadership styles…

Leadership Toolbox: Leadership Styles 2008
, Leadership-Toolbox.com, viewed 19 January 2014, <http://www.leadership-toolbox.com/leadership-styles.html>

Medill DC 2011, ‘Medal of Freedom Ceremony’ [image], in Medill DC’s photostream, Flickr, viewed 18 January 2014, <http://www.flickr.com/photos/56881272@N02/5449348014/in/photolist-9ixkj7-9iuduH-aqu2s5-8qKbbC-7Gojh9-am3VKJ-8WK3mV-9cxB87-dbjiJu-dbjiLW-dbjiR5# >

Metzger, M J 2007, 'Making sense of credibility on the Web: Models for evaluating online information and recommendations for future research',
Journal of the American Society for Information Science & Technology
, vol. 58, no. 13, pp. 2078-2091

Nordmeyer, B 2013,
Who Uses Laissez-Faire Leadership?
, azcentral.com, viewed 15 January 2014, <http://yourbusiness.azcentral.com/uses-laissezfaire-leadership-12436.html>

Skidmore, Gage 2011, ‘Donald Trump speaking at CPAC in Washington D.C. on February 10, 2011 [image], Donald Trump, Wikipedia, viewed 13 January 2014, <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_Trump>

South Africa The Good News 2008, 'Nelson Mandela in Johannesburg, Gauteng on 13 May 2008 [image], Nelson Mandela, Wikipedia, viewed 22 January 2014, <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nelson_Mandela>

Travis, E 2014,
Advantages & Drawbacks of the Autocratic Leadership Style
, Hearst Communications Inc., viewed 4 January 2014, <http://smallbusiness.chron.com/advantages-drawbacks-autocratic-leadership-style-16616.html>

Zervas, C & Lassiter, D 2007,
Leadership Style: Is There “One Best” Or Is Flexibility Worth Developing?
, Leadership Advantage, viewed 12 January 2014 <http://www.leadershipadvantage.com/leadershipstyle.html>
Thank you for viewing our presentation
Group 1 presentation by: Jade Allerby, Leanne Porter
Laura Nichol, Ben Wisher
Leanne Porter, Jade Allerby, Laura Nichol, Ben Wisher
(Doss M 2008)
Medill DC 2011
Please note: Harvard referencing has been used for this presentation
(South Africa the good news 2013)
Group members become dependent on their leader and risk being unable to function without them since no one else gives the group directions (Travis 2008)
Full transcript