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Water Pollution in Palawan

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by

Mathea Lim

on 16 September 2013

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Transcript of Water Pollution in Palawan

Waste Hierarchy - 3 Rs

Water Pollution in Palawan
Situation
Solutions
Chanel Villanueva
Frances Robles
Johanna Yu
Alyssa Barcarse
Pauline Ghestem
Mathea Lim

Introduction
Problems

WATER POLLUTION
Mining Pollution
Disease
Decrease in Tourism
why is water important?
cause and effect
snake island
miniloc island
helicopter island
1992- 14, 249 tourists
2011- 515, 148 tourists

3,515 % JUMP


people
demands
7,107 islands
1,780 are found
in Palawan
BACKGROUND
MINDORO
SOUTH CHINA SEA
SULU SEA
BORNEO
ISSUES
CITINICKEL
-Pasi River
-Pulot River
Hayanggabon River
Taganito River
1,489,655 hectares
reported about Water Pollution in Palawan
Popular Tourist Spots
TUBBATAHA REEF
- CNN'S 8th Best Diving Site
- UNESCO World Heritage Site
- Home to:
600 species of fish
360 species of corals (about half of all coral species in the world)
11 species of sharks
13 species of dolphins & whales,
100 species of birds
Hawksbill & Green sea turtles.
Several Beaches
Examples
- El Nido
- Amanpulo
- Banol Beach
Health Risks
Education
Dumping
Dynamite Fishing
Tourism
Mining
Destruction of Coral Reefs
Information Dissemination
Dynamite Fishing
REEFS ARE BEING DESTROYED
OVERFISHING
- Motorized boats became
popular in the 1980's
- Fishermen had the
capabilities to fish more
- Done to increase profit
Contamination
DYNAMITE FISHING
Polluter Pays Policy
- Use of explosives to kill all surrounding fish
- Usually kills animals that can't even be sold
- Leaves dead patches in the reefs
EFFECT
- Loses aesthetic quality
- Number of divers who want to visit reduce
- Home to fish larvae
- Fish travel all around the Philippines
- Reduction of food supplies and job opportunities
Effects of Garbage Dumping
Washes back up on beaches
Animals get caught in garbage
Already have laws to counteract this
- Environmental Act
- Ecological Waste Management
petitions
donate and support
ACCIDENTAL INCIDENTS
US Vessel sinks and causes $45 million worth of damage
Chinese fishing ship destroys 4000 sqm
Tourism is a
major source
of income
in Palawan
Environmental Damage is showing on the Beaches
Result of Companies Dumping
their trash in the water
Excused Sanctions
- Cheaper than paying fines
- Easy way to get rid of trash
- Hard for Local Government Units to monitor
- Sanctions are easily written off
- Amount of companies in Palawan
- Corruption
Tourism Decreases
- Loses aesthetic quality
- Palawan is known for it's relaxing environment
Stricter Implementations
Fish Kills
Emissions from mines contain chemicals
Dangerous chemicals pollute rain clouds
The rain that falls becomes acidic
Palawan supplies....
around
45%
of
Manila's supply
of fish
around
50%
of the
seafood supply in
the Philippines.
Destroys Livelihood
35%
of all corals
in the Philippines
can be found
in Palawan
Acidic Waters
Chemicals from the ponds,
streams and farmland, make
the soil unfit for farming
Effects on Society
Cancer
-hexavalent chromium (Cr-VI)

Burns
-acid lake
People get sick/ die from cholera
Biological/Coliform waste infects the water
People drink the water
Acid Rain/Acid left from Mines
Acid in the water absorbs the aluminum from the surrounding soil
Tribes live off of raw water sources in the
Mantalingajan
mountain range
Cholera outbreak in April 2011
Considered in a state of calamity
Discovered by DoH
225 kms away from Puerto Princessa City
Affects fish that cannot handle such environment
Palawan supports 33 watersheds within itself

Scarce fresh water resource
Philippine effluent standard
0.1 - 0.2 mg/L


Allowable amount of Cr-VI content in fresh waters and drinking water
o.o5 mg/l
Batazara
Effects
Provincial Health Office reported that at least
seven
out of every
ten dead
were
children under ten years old
.
1 year old
8 years old
(median)
90 years old
Hundreds were checked into the hospitals for cholera between the months of March and April
Executive Order 79 (EO 79)

There are four types of impacts from mining that affects water quality.

Acid mine drainage
Metal contamination and filtration
Pollution by chemicals
Erosion and sedimentation

human health
aquatic life
sediment quality
biological criteria
Acid Rain
Chemical Deposits
Chemical desposits are formed from waste rock and tailings
"In Situ" mining
Dynamite Mining
Dumping
Full transcript