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Chapter 8: America Secedes from the Empire

Even though many colonists were reluctant to engage in fighting with Britain, in the end the colonies succeeded.

Arturo Molina

on 6 October 2012

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Transcript of Chapter 8: America Secedes from the Empire

America Secedes from the Empire May 1775 - Colonists capture British garrisons at Ticonderoga and Crown Point
June 1775 - Colonists gain control of Bunker Hill. Then slaughter British attack
July 1775 - During Second Continental Congress, colonists adopt Olive Branch Petition
August 1775 - King George proclaims the colonies in rebellion, and fighting was considered treason
October 1775 - Colonists invade Canada, fail.
January 1776- Brits burn Norfolk, Va.
March 1776 - Brits forced to evacuate Boston
Most colonists still did not have a burning desire for independence Colonies Reluctant to go to War Written in 1776
Made the argument that it went against "common sense" for the American colonists to still be loyal to Britain Thomas Paine's "Common Sense" As the colonists critiqued their form of government, visions of an alternative fell on receptive years. Envisioning a New Type of Government The Fighting France wants revenge against Brits after French and Indian loss
Brit loss = Brits no longer first class power
Americans need the help (the fact that the war had lasted this long was an accomplishment
Colonists also wanted to change the way countries got along (commercial/business connections keep peace)
Ben Franklin goes to Paris, gets treaty of alliance (2/6/1778)
Details of the alliance not specific
Spain and Holland jump in vs Britain (Now a World War) France Gets in the Mix Paine Expands on Republicanism
Government where all officials (judges, senators, etc.) derive their power from popular consent
Committees of Correspondence and Town Hall meetings (NE) are examples
Sacrifice self-interest
Some feared Paine's "ultrademocratic" views
Philosophical Chairs: Too much liberty is a bad thing. The Declaration of independence
July 2, 1776 - motion to become independent adopted
Declaration written July 4, 1776
The Declaration of Independence made it officially official
Patriots were now rebels Patriots v Loyalists Patriots vs Loyalists & Redcoats
Patriots (Whigs) and Loyalists (Tories)
Patriots employ political education
16% of population Loyalists
Loyalists included older folks, monied folks, king's officers, strong members of the Anglican church
80,000 loyalists forced to flee, several 100k's allowed to stay
Leaning Toryward
Ways the loyalists contrubuter... Large British fleet arrives in NY 7/1776 - Summer and Fall of 1776 disaster for colonists (Battle of Long Island)
Brits have plan to capture Hudson River valley (1777). Purpose to cut off NE from rest of colonies. Didn't happen
Oct 17, 1777 Brits surrender at Saratoga (Battle of Saratoga) French 1780
General Benedict Arnold
The South goes back and forth
Georgia 78-79; Charleston, SC 1780
Nathaniel Greene, Quaker, defeats Gen. Cornwallis The War Moves South After Yorktown, British defeat was inevitable Peace is Made The War After France Joins The French changed the whole feel of the war The Land and Sea Frontier George III links up with some natives (Joseph Brant)
Treaty of Fort Stanwix
Continental Navy not all that, more of a pest The Peace Negotiators Ben Franklin, John Adams, John Jay
Directions: Don't make separate peace and consult with French
Both Spain and America wanted land beyond the Appalachians
John Jay saw this, secured TREATY OF PARIS OF 1783 from British
http://www.teachingamericanhistory.org/neh/interactives/americanrevolution/ The Treaty of Paris of 1783 Americans get land
Have to not persecute loyalists
Recommend to state legislatures that loyalist land be given back
No laws against paying back British
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