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Diabettes Melittus

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Stefanus Widjaya

on 13 September 2012

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Transcript of Diabettes Melittus

DIABETES MELITTUS By: Stefanus, Michiko, Alex, Brian, Felicia Introduction History of Diabetes 1552 B.C.
Earliest known record of diabetes mentioned on 3rd Dynasty Egyptian papyrus

Up to 19th Century
First chemical tests developed to indicate and measure the presence of sugar in the urine.

late 1850s
French physician, Priorry, advises diabetes patients to eat extra large quantities of sugar as a treatment.

1869 - Paul Langerhans, a German medical student, announces in a dissertation that the pancreas contains contains two systems of cells. One set secretes the normal pancreatic juice, the function of the other was unknown. History of Diabetes October 31, 1920
Dr. Banting conceives of the idea of insulin after reading Moses Barron's 'The Relation of the Islets of Langerhans to Diabetes.For the next year, with the assistance of Best, Collip and Macleod, Dr. Banting continues his research using a variety of different extracts on de-pancreatized dogs.

Summer 1921
Insulin is 'discovered'. A de-pancreatized dog is successfully treated with insulin.

Link is made between diabetes and long-term complications (kidney and eye disease).

Standard insulin syringe is developed, helping to make diabetes management more uniform.

Oral drugs are introduced to help lower blood glucose levels. 1959
Two major types of diabetes are recognized: type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetes and type 2 (non-insulin-dependent) diabetes.

Blood glucose meters and insulin pumps are developed. Laser therapy is used to help slow or prevent blindness in some people with diabetes.

Insulin pen delivery system is introduced.

The Diabetes Control and Complications Trial results clearly demonstrate that frequent doses and self-adjustment according to individual activity and eating patterns

The United Kingdom Prospective Diabetes Study is published. UKPDS results clearly identify the importance of good glucose control and good blood pressure control in the delay and/or prevention of complications in type 2 diabetes. Type 1 Diabetes is life long disease
Caused by high sugar level in the bloodstream
Can occur at any age
Can be passed down in families SYMPTOMS !!
Increased thirst
Increased urination
Weight loss in spite of increased appetite
Patients with type 1 diabetes usually develop symptoms over a short period of time. The condition is often diagnosed in an emergency setting. TYPE 1 DIABETES CAUSES OF DIABETES TYPE 1 TREATMENTS OF DIABETES TYPE 1 PREVENTION Treatments: no cure. Involve medicines, diets, exercises
Type 1 diabetes need insulin injection (insulin does not come in pills)
Injections done 1-4 times a day or using insulin pump
Delivers a steady flow of insulin throughout the day
Exercises: help weight loss, blood sugar control, and high blood pressure.
Diabetes who exercises: less likely to experience stroke. Eat a healthy diet (help your body perform its everyday tasks normally)

Regular exercise routine (maintain a healthy weight)

Avoid stress (help your brains and nervous system to cooperate well with other body parts)

Blood testing VIDEO THANK YOU DIABETES TYPE 1 By: Michiko, Stefanus, Alex, Felicia, Brian Insulin is destroyed by the immune system

Genetic and environmental factors

Damage to the pancreas

Mostly occurs in juveniles and people aged 30-40 CONCLUSION - Be careful of what you eat
- Maintain a healthy lifestyle
- Life long disease: it will never go away
- Follow Prevention Steps
- If diagnosed, you should go to treatments
- Prevent complications such as kidney failure "Diabetes - Type 1 - Causes." Diabetes - Type 1 - Causes. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Sept. 2012. <http://www.umm.edu/patiented/articles/what_causes_type_1_diabetes_000009_2.htm>.
Diabetes Animation. YouTube. YouTube, n.d. Web. 12 Sept. 2012. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded>.
"Diabetes Mellitus - Prevention and Risk Management." Diabetes Mellitus - Prevention and Risk Management. N,p.,n.d. Web. 12 Sept 2012.
"Health Guide." Diabetes. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Sept. 2012. <http://health.nytimes.com/health/guides/disease/diabetes/overview.html>.
"We're Leading the Fight against Diabetes by Helping People with Diabetes Live Healthy Lives While Working to Find a Cure." The History of Diabetes. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Sept. 2012. <http://www.diabetes.ca/diabetes-and-you/what/history/>. Works Cited
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