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Julius C

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Casey Neill

on 15 December 2016

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Transcript of Julius C

The Beginning
Julius Caesar was
born in 100 B.C.E.




60 BCE (December)
Formed an unofficial alliance (first triumvirate) with Pompey and Crassus. In return for support Caesar would support measures that would benefit them. Cicero was offered a part of the alliance but declined
82 B.C.E.
Enemy of Sulla

Stripped of priesthood by
Sulla who had become
Dictator of Rome
51 BCE (During)
Ordered to return to Rome unarmed by Pompey (now leader of the Senate) because his term as governor or Gaul had ended and he had to face re-election
Julius Caesar
Gracious Senator or Ambitious Tyrant?
85 B.C.E.
Became head of family when
his father died.
Allied with uncle
Gaius Marius against Sulla
84 B.C.E.
Appointed High Priest of Jupiter
Married Cornelia Cinna,
daughter of Lucius Corenlius Cinnilla
81. B.C.E
Refuses to divorce
Forced into hiding after
refusing to divorce wife,
pardoned a year later
75 B.C.E.
Captured by pirates
and held for ransom
Once freed, he prepares a fleet
to find and execute
the pirates who captured him
77-78 B.C.E.
Returns to Rome.
Makes a name for himself as a lawyer

72 BCE
Served as military tribune
70 BCE
Spoke in favor of a
move to grant an amnesty
to those who had fought
in recent revolutions against Rome
67 BCE
Married Pompeia, grand daughter of Sulla
65 B.C.E.
Served as aedile – responsibility
for temples, buildings and the Games.
He staged lavish Games using
money loaned from Crassus
63 BCE

Elected Pontifex Maximus
largely due to bribes

62 BCE
Marriage to Pompeia ended in divorce
62 BCE (for the year)
Served as Praetor
61 BCE
Served as
Governor of Spain
59 BCE
Served as Consul
59 BCE
Introduced an Agrarian Bill
favoured by Pompey that
would redistribute wastel
and in Italy to Pompey’s soldiers
and homeless poor people.
59 BCE
Arrested Cato for speaking against his Agrarian Bill
59 BCE (May)
Pompey
married
Julius Caesar’s daughter, Julia

59 BCE (After May)
Married Calpurnia Pisonis
58 BCE
(For a four year term)
Governor of Roman Gaul –
He set about planning to conquer
all of Gaul and his subsequent
conquest is known
as the Gallic Wars

58-57 B.C.E
Major Victories in Gaul
57 BCE
Their was unrest in Rome due to
several poor harvests resulting
in a grain shortage. Many people
blamed Caesar’s Agrarian Law.
Also relations between Caesar’s allies
Pompey and Crassus were
becoming increasingly strained.

56 BCE (during)
Julius Caesar faced mounting
opposition especially from
Clodius, Cicero, Cato, and Bibulus
56 BCE (April)
Luca Conference reaffirmed the
First Triumvirate and
extended his Governorship of Gaul.

55 BCE (summer)
Began a German campaign pushing Roman territory beyond the Rhine for the first time

55 BCE (late August)
Made an expedition to Britain, landed on the beach at Deal but was unable to progress further inland
54 BCE (July)
Made a second expedition to Britain.
He made some gains but then withdrew
to return to Rome for winter

54 BCE (September)
His daughter, Julia, died in childbirth
Her death affects
his alliance with
Pompey

53 BCE (June)
Crassus was killed at
the Battle of Carrhae.

53 BCE (after June)
With Crassus dead and
the marriage tie between
Caesar and Pompey broken,
the Triumvirate fell apart

50 BCE (During)
Caesar requested permission
from the Senate to stand for
re-election while remaining
in Gaul. He was reluctant to
return to Rome without
magistrate status fearing
that he would be attacked.
The Senate refused permission
and demanded his return.
49 B.C.E.

Alea Iacta Est!
Crossing the Rubicon
CIVIL WAR!!!
49 B.C.E.

Pompey and allied
Senators Leave Rome
49 BCE
Caesar defeats forces
in Spain that were
loyal to Pompey
49 BCE
Lay siege to Massilia (Marseille)
which was loyal to Pompey.
The city fell in September
48 BCE (10th July)
Battle of Dyrrhachium against Pompey in Macedonia. Caesar forced to retreat to avoid being defeated
48 BCE (9th August)
Battle of Pharsalus.
Decisive victory over
Pompey who fled to Egypt
48 B.C.E.
Ptolemy XIII decapitates Pompey and presents head to Caesar in hope to gain his support
Ceasar horrified, back Ptolemy's sister Cleopatra instead.
They begin a relationship
Cleopatra may have had a son by Caesar named Caesarian
46 B.C.E.
Appointed Dictator for 10 years
45 BCE
Announced that his nephew Octavian would be his heir
44 BCE (February)
Appointed Dictator of Rome for life
44 BCE (15th March)
Stabbed 23 times by
a group of disgruntled senators.
Full transcript