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Transcript of la Catrina
Origin of La Catrina
Calaveras - reminded people that life is temporary but their spirit stays on Earth. Posada - thought skeletons would catch people's attention easier. He wanted the images not to be ignored. Also wanted to show the world that after death everyone was equal. Wanted death to be something to be embraced rather then feared.
La Catrina is now 102 years old, represented in humorous manners, also a joyous idol or source of social commentary and symbol of democracy. Guadelupe's character name is Calavera Garbancera, showing how he's ashamed of Indian origins. So its easy to see why she was made during the "Portifirio Diaz" reign of inequality
"Death is democratic, since at the end despite being blonde, brunette, rich, or poor. Everyone ends up a skeleton."
Jose Guadelupe used the French style skeleton, dressed in elegant clothes idea for his mural, Sueno de una tarde domenical en la Alameda Central. Made in 1910 for Calavera
1982- La Catrina sculpted for first time by Juan Torres in clay. They placed it in workshop in his country. Inspired people to create their own and eventually became tradition.
La Catrina is more popular because "death" or "la muerta" is feminine in Spanish, though never meant to be a feminist tradition
When by himself, quite forgotten since La catrina is so empowering. There is little info him, but some say you place him on altar and give ciggarettes and drinks. Or if thrown away, you get bad luck. Thus keeping him on altar a tradition.
featured in Loteria Cards, similar to Bingo.
La Catrina and El Catrin are featured as couple. They're honored as day of the dead voodoo dolls. Style reflected fashion of that time. Their image as husband and wife is popular, art wise for Dia de los Muertos. They're 9-10 inches long, made out of clay.
La Catrina and El Catrin
Jose Guadelupe was born in 1852 in Mexico. He was a mexican illustrator.
Posada and his school teacher, Vanegas, became pictorial journalists. Their characters were portrayed as skulls.
The calaveras were set as political humor. Vanegas and posada created "Flying Leaves" - one page documents covered moral stories, gossip, songs, etc.
"Happy dance" -
an example of "Flying Leaves"
When La Catrina was first created, she was just a tall sleek skeleton. She wore exotic hats that high class women would wear in that time. She was fancy and not only was a symbol for the celebration of Dia de los muertos, but an encouragement to make joy of death.
Now, La Catrina is mostly just a makeup. Again, she was changed throughout the years by people "modernizing" her appearance. La Catrina is still portrayed as a skeleton, and still wears big hats and long dresses, but they fit the current spanish fashion ways.
Either in drawings, paintings or advertisements, shes not just portrayed as just another skeleton in Mexican Art, but a famous symbol in Mexican culture
La Catrina - Now
Throughout the years, La Catrina was modified to fit "modern" ways. Before she was just a bare skeleton. Then people started dressing her up to fit their culture. Wearing long, fancy dresses and holding certain objects. Another thing people had done was putting hair and hair accessories on the character as well.
The Celebration !
Examples of Decorations