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Transcript of Regionalism
Joel Chandler Harris
Bret Harte's most famous stories are set in the West during the California Gold Rush. Many of his novels featured romanticized stories focused on miners during the era. Though he was born in New York, after reading about the Gold Rush, he became fascinated by it and moved to California. One of his jobs actually was as a miner, among other things.
Jack London was born as John Griffith Chaney on January 12, 1876 in San Francisco, California
Lyza Ward, Briana Beckman, Alex Blaa, Ashley Leo, George Jediny, Westin Garrett
A Brief History
Narrator - Serves as a translator, making the region understandable for the reader. Narrator is a go-between characters and the readers.
Plots - Stories may include lots of storytelling and revolve around the community and its rituals. Many times the plot is not important.
Themes - Often against change.
Nostalgia for the "golden age" of the past.
Often tension between new and old ways
Celebration of community
Although the terms regionalism and local color are sometimes used interchangeably, regionalism generally has broader connotations.
Critics have argued that the distinguishing characteristic that separates "local color" writers from "regional" writers is the exploitation of and condescension toward their subjects that the local color writers demonstrate.
Fiction or poetry
Focuses on the characters, dialects, customs, topography, and other features particular to a specific region
Dual influence of romanticism and realism
Analyzes the attitudes characters have towards one another and their community as a whole
Influenced by southern and Down East humor
Born December 9, 1848 in Eatonville, Georgia
His first Uncle Remus book,
Uncle Remus:His Songs and his Sayings
, was published in 1881
Mostly collected directly from the African-American oral storytelling tradition and revolutionary in their use of dialect, animal personages, and serialized landscapes. Few outside of South had heard accents like those in the tales.
Mark Twain noted in 1883, "in the matter of writing [the African-American dialect], he is the only master the country has produced.
Beatrix Potter borrowed some of the language from the Uncle Remus stories, adopting the words: "cottontail," "puddle-duck," and "lippity clippity" for her book,
The Tale of Peter Rabbit
, in 1902
Between the Civil War and the end of the nineteenth century this mode of writing became dominant in American literature.
The beginning of the movement is usually dated from the first publication in the Overland Monthly in 1868 of Bret Harte's stories of California mining camps
Many critics have argued that this literary movement contributed to the reunification of the country after the Civil War.
Local Color vs. Regionalism
Setting - The emphasis is frequently on nature and the limitations it imposes; settings are frequently remote and inaccessible. The setting is integral to the story and may sometimes become a character in itself.
Characters - Emphasizes character particular to that region, rather than an individual. Adheres to old ways by dialect and by traits that are central to that region.
Weaknesses - nostalgia or sentimentality
Born: August 25, 1836 in Albany, New York
Died: May 5, 1902 Camberly, England
Use of dialect to establish credibility and authenticity of regional characters.
Use of detailed description, especially of small, seemingly insignificant details central to an understanding of the region.
Frequent use of a frame story in which the narrator hears some tale of the region.
London's life as a writer began in 1893 after a life threatening experience during a typhoon. He came home alive and brought with him stories of his experience. His mother pushed him to submit a story into the local paper, where he won- beating out college students with just his eighth grade education
His work in Klondike, Alaska influenced Jack's writing and continued to inspire him even when he came back home to California.
19th century American author and journalist best known for
The Call of the Wild
Growing up in the middle-class affected London's writing style; struggling with his own poverty pushed him to embrace socialism.
In his work,
To Build a Fire
, the characteristics reflect regionalism by the lower class main character and man's survival against nature.
To Build a Fire
, was the creation of one of the best Regionalism literature works from an American author and helped establish London's success.
Does Regionalism focus on humans as a collective or more individually?
Does Regionalism stand independently from the other literary movements? Or, does it contain characteristics/elements that can be seen in the other perspectives?
How can Regionalism provide insight or help in search of the definition of human nature compared to the other perspectives?
Can Regionalism create broad generalizations (stereotypes) that can lead to false conclusions (misinformation)?
Would a Regionalist believe that environmental variables have more influence over humans/social structure, or do humans have more influence over their environment?