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women in guatamala
Transcript of women in guatamala
By: Taylor Christian, Kaitlyn, Aubrie, and Brittiany
role of women has changed over the years due to the warfare happening.
many women now work in sweatshops, facotries, or farms
-many are refugees of gorilla warefare or widows. In some modern day sweat shops the woman work 6 days a week, 10 hours a day in conditions lacking proper ventilation or rest rooms.
Many rural women still stay at the home and carry out the daily chores such as cooking, cleaning, and tending to animals and children.
Brief History of Guatemalan Women
Not treated equally
Workforce, education system, etc.
Domestic role: Statistically women are less educated, and lower paid. Their numbers exceed those of males in nursing, secretarial, and clerical jobs.
Agriculture: Women grow vegetables, fruits, herbs and spices for local consumption and sale. Women also tend sheep and goats.
Born January 9, 1959
1979 Joined CUC
1981 went into hidding and fled to Mexico
1982 took part in the founding of the United Representation of the Guatemalan Opposition. (RUOG)
1983 Shared her life story to Elizabeth Burgos, who then wrote (I, Rigoberta Menchu)
1992 Received the Nobel Peace Prize
Femicide: the systematic killing of women based solely on their gender. Femicide has been known to include rape, torture and dismemberment before and after death.
More than 5,000 women and girls in Guatemala have been murdered in the past ten years—many of them raped and mutilated, their bodies discarded in public places.
A staggering 99% of femicide cases go unprosecuted.
women in solitary (Mujeres en solidaridad): founded by women working in maquila plants to originally create a union for the women who had been fired. they now tackle topics such as home life for women, lack of safe and supportive space where women can express their hopes and dreams, domination by men, and women's lack of experience and skills necessary to survive.
"for 7 years we have been working like little ants. we think we are getting some real acceptance finally."- member of mujeres en solidaridad
Woman in prison
Guatemala has continually failed to ensure humane treatment of incarcerated women, as required by international law.
Women are subject to violence and sexual abuse at the hands of National Civil Police officers who work as guards in state prisons. Some 90% of woman reported police abuse at the time of their detention and 75% of those abuses included sexual violence. They are also denied access to medical services or gender-specific health care. Disabled woman are also denied access to health care.
Four Guatemalan Women Murdered
Violence against Indigenous Woman
Indigenous Peoples, and particularly Indigenous women, were especially targeted with human rights abuses during Guatemala’s 36 year civil war. During the war, there were at least 9,411 reported female victims of human rights violations, of which 1,465 reported being victims of sexual assault. The vast majority who suffered sexual violence—88.7%—were of Mayan descent. The Peace Accords that ended the civil war were signed in 1996. However, Indigenous women still suffer the effects of the decades of violence they endured. Indigenous women continue to face political, economic and social discrimination because of their gender and Indigenous identity. They are among the poorest and most marginalized in Guatemalan society.
Conflict in the Workplace
Men vs. Women
Guatemalan worry dolls
Brief History of Guatemala
The name Guatemala, meaning "land of forests," was derived from one of the Mayan dialects spoken by the indigenous people at the time of the Spanish conquest in 1523.
Official language: Spanish is the official language, but since the end of the civil war in December 1996, twenty-two indigenous languages, mostly dialects of the Mayan linguistic family, have been recognized. The most widely spoken are Ki'che', Kaqchikel, Kekchi, and Mam.
Holidays: August 15, the day of the National patron Saint, Maria and Independence day September 15, are the most important holidays.
- See more at: http://www.ghrc-usa.org/about/history/#sthash.ra2Cx8cs.dpuf
Working conditions often fail to meet the government's specified requirements.
Most women in the work force work at maquilas which is apparel-for-export-factories.
*unsafe *unhealthy *illegal conditions *forced overtime *employment of children as young as 13 years old *bathrooms remain locked for most of the work day.
Guatemala Human Rights Commission
The Guatemala Human Rights Commission/USA (GHRC) is a non-profit, grassroots, solidarity organization dedicated to promoting human rights in Guatemala and supporting communities and activists who face threats and violence. GHRC documents and denounces abuses, educates the international community, and advocates for policies that foster peace and justice.
Brief History of Guatemalan Women
They suffer from high levels of poverty and violence, trauma from 36 years of society, appallingly low levels of education, difficult access to healthcare, lack of political representation, ignorance of their rights.
75% to 90% of the women are illiterate
There are many cases of violation and discrimination just in their homes by husbands
They need permission by husband or father to do many things
Relations of unequal, but as time goes on equalness is progressing little by little
class and ethnic relations are favored more
in 2005, GHRC launched campaign that claimed 5000 young lives since 2000
708 women were killed in 2009
over 630 women were killed in 2010
the Guatemalan government is doing slim to none about this issue
these women that are getting impacted are trying to make their voice heard
In Guatemala 50–60% of the population is Roman Catholicism in Guatemala, 40% Protestant and 1% follow the indigenous Mayan faith. Catholicism was the official religion during the colonial era. However, Protestantism has increased markedly in recent decades. More than one third of Guatemalans are Protestant, chiefly Evangelicals and Pentecostals.
Gender inequality in the sphere of education is common, where male literacy and school enrollment rates dominate female rates in all aspects.
Out of the 2 million children who do not attend school in Guatemala, majority are indigenous girls living in rural areas.
Most families stick with traditions which place the women at home, and would rather send a son than daughter to school if they had the funds.