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Transcript of Autopsy: Americas
Accessed 9 Oct. 2016.
Mexicolore.co.uk, and Claudia Brittenham. Quetzal feather headress. Digital image. Mexicolore.co.uk. Museum of Ethnology, n.d. Web.
Minster, Christopher. "How the Ancient Maya Did Business." About.com Education. About Education, 21 Aug. 2016. Web. 13 Oct. 2016.
Minster, Christopher. "What Was Ancient Mayan Architecture Like?" About.com Education. About Education, 21 Aug. 2016. Web. 13 Oct. 2016.
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Tignor, Robert L. "Mesoamericans." Worlds Together, Worlds Apart: A History of the World from the Beginnings of Humankind to the Present. 3rd ed. New York: W.W. Norton, 2011. 314. Print.
Smith, Micheal E. Apartment compound. Digital image. Http://wideurbanworld.blogspot.com/. N.p., 27 Mar. 2013. Web. <http://wideurbanworld.blogspot.com/2013/03/teotihuacan-ancient-mesoamerican.html>.
Laurenn Lee, Nathalie Guerrero, Rose McCullough, Rose Li
Head: Significant Leaders &
Heart: Religious Beliefs
Ribs: Societal Infrastructure
Spine: Political Structure
Hands: Art, Architecture & Technological Advances
Legs: Labor Systems
Feet: Trade Routes & Goods Traded
PART I: Empire Obituary
PART II: Autopsy
What Led to the Demise of the Mayan Empire?
K'inich Janaab' Pakal
ruled for 70 years
conducted several building projects in Palenque
ascended the throne at the age of 12
Lady Yohl Ik'nal
carried a full royal title
ruled for 21 years
Yax K'uk Mo'
built the Mayan city of Copan
all Teotihuacan rulers are anonymous
K'inich Janaab' Pakal
Yax K'uk Mo'
hieroglyphic writing system
wrote books called codices
written on bark paper
only three or four codices remain
Popol Vuh (Tignor 316)
the story of creation
used iconography instead of textual writing systems
mural art displays icon glyphs
What Led to the Demise of Teotihuacan?
BC, By 5000. "Ancient History." Ancient History. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Oct. 2016.
By the Time the Aztec Empire Was at Its Height, This Great City Had Been around for over 1600 Years. "Teotihuacan." Teotihuacan. Aztec - History.com, 2016. Web. 13 Oct. 2016.
Cartwright, Mark. "Maya Writing." Ancient History Encyclopedia, 12 Feb. 2014,
www.ancient.eu/article/655/. Accessed 9 Oct. 2016.
Cartwright, Mark. "The Classic Maya Collapse." Ancient History Encyclopedia, 18
Oct. 2014, www.ancient.eu/article/759/. Accessed 10 Oct. 2016.
Cartwright, Mark. "Teotihuacan." Ancient History Encyclopedia. Ancient History Encyclopedia, 17 Feb. 2015. Web. 13 Oct. 2016.
Gomez, Maria C. "Maya Government." Ancient History Encyclopedia, 1 May 2013,
www.ancient.eu/Maya_Government/. Accessed 9 Oct. 2016.
Hanson, Richard. "Maya Trade and Economy." Maya Trade and Economy. N.p., 28 Jan. 2008. Web. 13 Oct. 2016.
History.com Staff. "Maya." History.com. A&E Television Networks, 2009. Web. 13 Oct. 2016.
History.com Staff. "Mayan Scientific Achievements." History.com. A&E Television Networks, 2010. Web. 13 Oct. 2016.
Hutchinson, Jennifer. "Teotihuacán." World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras, ABC-CLIO, 2016, ancienthistory.abc-clio.com/Search/Display/1258768. Accessed 13 Oct. 2016.
Traded Prestige and Subsistence goods
obsidian, jade, cacao,
pelts, Quetzel feathers,
textiles, salt, crops, stone, ceramics
Trade Routes connected North and South America
transportation modes only foot or canoe
- major Mayan hub
obsidian, ceramics, ornaments, shells, figurines, textiles, crops, cotton, salt, cacao, feathers
Trade Routes were throughout Mesoamerica
Most made of limestone using stone tools & large amount of human labor
Observatories, temples, ball courts, step pyramids
Palaces: built for kings, nobility
majority of urban architecture
paintings; some survived
Technological Advances (Tignor 316)
Worshiped natural gods
Human sacrifices were annual rituals done to please the gods
Current day practices consist of traditional culture mixed with Catholicism
Built great religious pyramids
religion based calendars
Goddesses of nature were the main religious figures
Murals and sculptures were made to represent gods and goddesses
Two main religious temples (Tignor 313)
Pyramid of the sun
Pyramid of the moon
Followed an indigenous form of religion until converted to Christianity by the Spanish
Lived in city-states
Kingship began around 300 B.C.
Had a four tiered Hierarchy system
Great political palaces were made for the ruling class
Never unified city states, but still traded with one another
Rulers were groomed since birth to rule (Tignor 315)
Kings were seen as god like figures
Advanced draining and water supply systems
Political similarities to the Mayans
Unlike the Mayans, the Teotihuacan people merged city states
One of the largest, most complex and populated civilizations in Mesoamerica at the time
Talud- tablero design
Pyramids, plazas, palaces, temples
Pyramids of the Sun & Moon
Ciudadela (Citadel) (Tignor 313)
Palace of Quetzalcoatl
Motifs: jaguars & butterflies
staged grand religious pageants
specialized in ceramics, obsidian and stone working, metallurgy & more
traded ceramics and decorative objects
around 2/3 of population
City- production of goods
rest of population
relationship with family members declined (Mayan city-states)
increase in armed conflicts
Broken foot (decrease in trade)
dehydration (drought throughout the empire)
caused a shortage of water
led to repeated crop failures
Kings ("kuhul ajaw")
performed religious ceremonies and rituals
performed ritual blood sacrifices
protected and fought for city
Suddenly passed away in 600 BCE
burns on hands (burning and looting of cities)
Other possible causes of death:
Decline in relationships with family members (civil wars) (Tignor 312)
foreign substances entering body (invasion)
Fractured ribs (uprisings, breakdown in society)
amputation of feet (ceased trade caused lack of resources)
dehydration and peeling skin (drought and soil erosion)
Central Plaza - city center surrounded by temples, palaces, ball courts, housing,
Temples & Pyramids - place of religious practices and tombs
Palaces - home of royal family, community center, admin. center
Ball Courts - game called "Pitz" was played
Great Compound - marketplace
independent water supplies
family burial spaces
Pyramids of the Moon and Sun &
Temple of Quetzalcoatl - main religious structures
Quetzal feather Headress -