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Medieval art

Art
by

Ryan Lieu

on 26 March 2014

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Transcript of Medieval art

Byzantine, Romanesque, Gothic Medieval Art Byzantine Romanesque Romanesque art refers to the art of Europe from approximately 1000 AD to the rise of the Gothic style in the 13th century, or later, depending on region. Gothic Gothic art was a style of medieval art that was devolved in France from Romanesque art in the mid 12th century; it was also influenced by the gothic architecture. Gothic art spread all over western Europe. Gothic art was continuing to develop into the late 15th century and even continued into the 16th century in Germany. Primary media for gothic art included sculptures, panel painting, stained glass windows and illuminated manuscripts. The earliest gothic art piece found was a monumental sculpture on the walls of the cathedrals showing stories from both new and old testaments. Saints and Virgin Mary were often depicted in the sculptures. Byzantine art was based in eastern Rome, or the Byzantine Empire as well as the nations and states that inherited culturally from the period. Some Eastern Mediterranean and Muslim states have kept many traits of the empires art for centuries. A number of countries were influenced by it, without actually being part of the Byzantine commonwealth; Such as Bulgaria, Serbia and Russia. Some of the artist traditions that originated in the Byzantine Empire are maintained Greece, Serbia, Bulgaria and Russia even in the present day. Miniatures of the 6th-century Rabula Gospel display the more abstract and symbolic nature of Byzantine art. Byzantine art is found decorating churches and help people who couldn’t read to know the story’s from the bible. The most used medium in byzantine art were mosaics. They mostly used glazed clay, though sometimes they would use coloured glass. The background was often filled with gold to give to illusion of heaven. In Many of the Byzantine paintings more important figures would be shown bigger than less important characters. The Romanesque art style was created mainly because of the western Christian church which became known as the Catholic Church. The main characteristics of Romanesque art include illuminated manuscripts and shrines, embroidery including the Bayeux Tapestry and religious shrines and murals. Another pain part of the Romanesque period is the large colourful stained glass windows; these would decorate the church windows and mostly be the only colourful art pieces in the Romanesque period. Later Romanesque art was influenced by the changes in Byzantine art The preceding period is increasingly known as the Pre-Romanesque. The term was invented by 19th century art historians, especially for Romanesque architecture, which retained many basic features of Roman architectural style - most notably round-headed arches, but also barrel vaults, apses, and acanthus-leaf decoration - but had also developed many very different characteristics. In Southern France, Spain and Italy there was an architectural continuity with the Late Antique, but the Romanesque style was the first style to spread across the whole of Catholic Europe, from Denmark to Sicily. Romanesque art was also greatly influenced by Byzantine art, especially in painting, and by the anti-classical energy of the decoration of the Insular art of the British Isles, and from these elements forged a highly innovative and coherent style. Typically when people imagine Romanesque art they imagine kings and queens, huge castles, people riding on horses and jousting; this is actually a simple yet correct representaiton of romanesque art. The title Romanesque actually didn’t get named because of the time period but was named because of the roman elements in the art. Many of the Romanesque buildings were constructed over a long period. The period we know of gothic art was later in the medieval ages. The main years were between 1140 and 1500. The gothic art was mainly in France, Spain and Germany but also sometimes appeared in Italy and England. Gothic churches and especially cathedrals were largest and the most important buildings in the people in that town. One of the biggest problems of the medieval time was the Black Death because of the boils that marked the sick people. The churches told the same stories as the ones in the byzantine period, and helped the people that couldn’t read to understand stories of the bible. The period we know of gothic art was later in the medieval ages. The main years were between 1140 and 1500. The gothic art was mainly in France, Spain and Germany but also sometimes appeared in Italy and England. Gothic churches and especially cathedrals were largest and the most important buildings in the people in that town. One of the biggest problems of the medieval time was the Black Death because of the boils that marked the sick people. The churches told the same stories as the ones in the byzantine period, and helped the people that couldn’t read to understand stories of the bible. Thank you for Watching :) Mostly by Ryan and Sean becuase izzy decided to go to queensland and leave us behind
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