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History of Computing

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Tim Girard

on 17 August 2016

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Transcript of History of Computing

Group Research Assignment
History of Computing
In Groups of 4, you will research a topic in the history of computing and deliver the following:
1. Infographic Timeline
2. Slideshow Presentation
Group Assignment
Create a slideshow using PowerPoint or Prezi.com
Create a Slideshow
Produce a pdf or jpg of your timeline
Submit it to Edmodo

List important dates, people and places for your topic.
Infographic Timeline
Create an infographic that outlines important events in history for your topic.
use easel.ly
Examples:
Microsoft Founded 1975 by Bill Gates and Paul Allen.
Windows 95 released on August 24th 1995.
Slideshow Deliverables
Create a script for your presentation.
5-10 minutes, no more, no less
Present to the class.
PowerPoint .ppt or Prezi.com
Submit all documents/links to Edmodo
Slideshow Content
Historically significant information supported with facts and references.
Tell a Story
examples:
Rise and Fall of Blackberry
Evolution of digital storage
End with a
call to action
(CTA)
encourage audience to learn more about your topic.
Use words like do, see, use, help, download, visit, and share in the present tense.
Timeline Content
Timeline Deliverables
Choose a topic from the history of computing for your assignment.

Your topic should tell a story about historically significant people, companies or devices that contributed to the current state of computers in the modern world.
History of Computing
History of a Company
example: Tell the story of Microsoft
When and where was it founded?
Who are the founders?
What are some key products?
Identify milestones and important events.

Microsoft
Founded: April 4, 1975, Albuquerque, New Mexico, United States.
Founders: Bill Gates and Paul Allen.
Microsoft Office
Microsoft's first office application was Excel.
Originally called Multipan in 1982, it was renamed Excel when it was released for the Macintosh in 1985
Excel helped Microsoft become the leading PC software developer.
Lotus 1-2-3, the standard spreadsheet tool of the 1980s stuggled to port to Windows, and quickly fell behind Microsoft's Products.
United States vs. Microsoft Corp.
Microsoft was accused of becoming a monopoly and engaging in abusive practices.
The issue central to the case was whether or not Microsoft should be allowed to bundle together Windows OS and Internet Explorer.
Ordered to split the company into two parts, Microsoft appealed and eventually settled the lawsuit.
History of Hardware
Example: Tell the story of the evolution of digital storage
punch cards - first used around 1725 and still in use today. (0.12kb)
Magnetic Tape - 1950s (225kb)
Floppy Disks - 1971 (1.44mb)
CD-ROM - 1985 (700mb)
USB Flash Drives - 2000 (125gb)
Cloud Storage - 2006 (25gb - unlimited)

History of the Internet
1990 - WorldWideWeb
1993 - Mosaic by NCSA
1994 - Netscape Navigator
1995 - Internet Explorer by Microsoft
1990s - "Browser Wars"
2004 - Firefox
2008 - Chrome by Google
More Examples
Apple (California, USA)
Samsung (Daegu, South Korea)
Blackberry (Ontario, Canada)
Sony (Tokyo, Japan)
Google (California, USA)
IBM (New York, USA)
Yahoo (California, USA)
Punch Cards
A
punch card
is a piece of stiff paper that contained either commands or data for data.
Invented in 1725 by Basile Bouchon.
Used to program textile looms and other machinery such as player pianos.
The Apollo Guidance Computer that was used in the moon landing, used punch cards.
Still used today for things like standardized testing and voting.
Other Examples
smart phones
personal computers
printers
video game consoles
tablets
input devices
output devices
Other Examples
Social Media - Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, Reddit, MySpace etc.
Ecommerce - Amazon.com, Ebay.com, Bitcoin
Communciation - Email, Instant Messaging etc.
File Sharing - MP3s, Napster, bit torrents, file lockers etc.
Internet - ARPANET, WWW/Browsers, Search Engines, Web 2.0
Internet Explorer
Microsoft purchased Internet Explorer from Spyglass Inc. in 1995
This began what is known as the "browser wars", in which Microsoft and Netscape competing for market share.
In the second half of 2004, Internet Explorer reached a peak market share of 92%
Since then, it has been slowly and steadily declining, and as of February 2015, it has a market share of only 18.9%
Important People in History of Computing
John Napier
- invented logarithms.
Blaise Pascal
- 1645 calculator.
Joseph-Marie Jacquard
- 1804, he used punched cards to control his looms.
Lady Augusta Ada - first computer programmer
Charles Babbage
- designed the “Difference Engine” and “Analytical Engine”.
Blaise Pascal
This famous French philosopher and mathematician invented the first calculator in 1645 to help with collecting taxes.
It could add and subtract by rotating dials.
Pascal created 50 prototypes before presenting his first machine to the public in 1645.
He built around twenty more machines during the next decade, often improving on his original design.
Nine machines have survived the centuries, most of them being on display in European museums.
Other Examples
Alan Turing - Turing machine
Howard Aiken - 1944 - ASCC Computer
Dr. Grace Murray Hopper - inventor of COBOL and coined the term "debugger", when a moth caused an error.
Jack Kilby - first integrated circuit
Get Started!
Choose your groups
Select a topic and get it approved by your teacher
Create your infographic timeline
Create your slideshow
Present your work.

Example: Tell the story of the evolution of web browsers
Example: Tell the story of an important person in the history of computers
Full transcript