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Top Girls Feminism Prezi

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Jennifer Aiello

on 25 February 2013

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Transcript of Top Girls Feminism Prezi

Top Girls Caryl Churchill Griselda “What use is female emancipation, if it transforms clever women into predators [...] Does freedom, and feminism, consist of aggressively adopting the very values that have for centuries oppressed your sex?” Of thousands of female individuals/ feminists, in your opinion, why did Churchill include Dull Gret,
the fictional character? Feminist/Historical Figures Results The Equal Pay Act was passed in 1970 granting equal wages for women and men doing the same work.

The Women's Aid Federation was formed in 1974 providing support and refuge for women and children experiencing domestic violence. The Sex Discrimination Act was passed in 1975 outlawing sexual discrimination in the workplace.

The Domestic Violence Act was passed in 1976 enabling married or co-habiting women to obtain a court order aimed at preventing further violence and to exclude her violent partner from the home. Feminism Isabella Bird Pope Joan Top Girls Social Context in Top Girls Masculine or Feminine? Masculine or Feminine? Masculine or Feminine? Masculine or Feminine? Masculine or Feminine? Masculine or Feminine? Masculine or Feminine? Masculine or Feminine? Masculine or Feminine? Feminism can be divided into “waves” based on their time periods and their major focuses.

First-wave feminism encompasses the 1800s; its focus was the banding together of women to demand for the right to vote.

A few years after WWI, women almost globally had won the right to vote.

In Britain, it came about with the success of the Representation of the People Act in 1928. First Wave Feminism Rise of the Second Wave of Feminism The period around WWII was a period of stagnation for feminism.
Feminism would rise again in the 1960s-1970s.
In the United States, feminism concentrated on a separate women's culture, the growth of all-female institutions, the family and sexuality.
In Britain, where labor history was much stronger and many feminists had come from socialist politics, the focus was on waged work, trade union organization and labor politics.
Caryl Churchill grew up during this time period. She would have witnessed many of the feminist movements in Britain. These events would influence her and her writing, and would lead her to create Top Girls. Issues Surrounding Feminist Movement Issues of rape, domestic violence, abortion and access to childcare were the primary subject of feminist platforms.

What were once private issues were now in the public realm in second-wave feminism Women’s Liberation Movement UK Women's Liberation was a feminist movement which fully emerged in the late 1960s and early 1970s.
The movement's demands were printed on banners and on a petition handed to the prime minister on 6 March 1971 when 4000 marched through London on the movement's First International Women's Day march.
Feminist magazines provided alternatives to typical women's magazines of the time in which women's issues were defined as beauty, romance and domestic life. Miss World Beauty Pageant In 1970, feminist protestors attended the Miss World beauty pageant in London, England

The protestors attacked the event with tomatoes, smoke bombs, flour bombs and stink bombs.

Millions of TV viewers watched the first headline-grabbing act of the newly formed Women's Liberation Movement as they chanted: "We're not beautiful, we're not ugly, we're angry." Feminist Demands Later in 1970, the network of groups would band together to form the Women's National Co-ordinating Committee.

Their four basic demands:
Equal pay
Equal education and job opportunities
Free contraception and abortion on demand
Free 24-hour nurseries Author Caryl Churchill not only explores the
individual life of Marlene, the main character of Top
Girls, but she also includes a multitude of
female personalities All originate from different time periods in history Some are real, some are legend and some are fictional Lady Nijo Dull Gret Isabella Bird was born in 1831 and she died in 1904.

She was a daughter of a Church of England clergyman.

When she began suffering from a spine tumour, she got sent to Australia for the good of her health.

Loathing Australia, this gave her the opportunity to explore her adventurous side.

Thus, Isabella Bird ended up travelling abroad extensively between the ages of forty and seventy.

Once married, she grew very resentful of all the domestic and social work she had to do in obligation to her husband.

•She declared "I cannot and will not live the life of a lady... Why should I? Why should I?" Dull Gret was the subject of a Brueghel painting entitled Dulle Griet

In the painting, she is a woman adorned in an apron and armor who leads a crowd of charging women through hell, fighting demons and devils

Prior to the events illustrated in the painting, Spanish invaders had fired and looted Gret's village

Gret had lost her eldest son and her baby. They were killed by the soldiers.

"Come on, we're going where the evil comes from and pay the basterds out."

Gret, waving a sword, led her women running and fighting through the mouth into "a street just like ours but in hell" and they set about beating and fighting these devils.

The women were described as unstoppable. What is Feminism? Pope Joan, similar to Dull Gret and Griselda, is a woman from folklore and myth.

Joan disguised herself as a man, in order to pursue her theological studies in Greece and Rome, thereafter.

Pope Joan entered the Priesthood, in which she was appointed Cardinal and elected Pope upon the death of Pope Leo.

Despite her efforts to conceal her feminine identity, Pope Joan was exposed, due to pregnancy and child birth. Griselda, in addition, is a woman of folklore, and illustrates the submissive and passive aspect of the female psyche.

Despite her status as a peasant, Griselda was wed to the ruling marquis, Walter, who was attracted to her beauty.

Griselda wed Walter on the condition that she would remain obedient to him.

Walter would test her obedience on three occasions, as he "took" her daughter, then son, and "sent [her] away." Social Context and
Thematic Elements
in Top Girls In Act One, Caryl Churchill included Isabella Bird, Lady Nijo, Dull Gret, Pope Joan, and Griselda, who exist in various eras.

What does this reveal about Feminism and the Female Psyche? Consider CARD.

Is structure significant? Why is the collection of characters placed in Act One?

What does Churchill intend to achieve? Japanese woman who was born in 1258.

She was an Emperor's courtesan and she later became a Buddhist nun who travelled on foot through Japan.

She divided her life in two aspects: "The first half was all sin and the second all repentance."

The Emperor requested Nijo's company.

Her father instructed her to "serve his Majesty, be respectful, if you lose his favour enter holy orders."

She was to become his mistress.

When she was expelled from the court, she became a Buddhist nun.

As a nun, she traveled the country on foot - she walked every day for twenty years.

Nijo had four children, one to the emperor which died soon after birth, and the others to two of her lovers. All of her children either died or were taken from her. Margaret Thatcher From the successes of the Women's National Co-ordinating Committee and the Feminist movements in Britain came a representative that would become the embodiment of these principles.
Contextually, Tops Girls was written and performed during the early years of Margaret Thatcher's first term as Prime Minister of Great Britain.
Being a woman herself, Margaret Thatcher's determination and resilient nature as an individual entering British politics (an establishment dominated by men) made her an icon to feminists around the globe
The policies and principles of her Conservative government are the immediate political context of the play
Thatcher was elected as the Conservative party leader (first woman to do so) in 1975 and became the first woman in British history to hold the title of Prime Minister in 1979
She was re-elected two more times in the mid 80s
She was heavily associated with radical right-wing economic policies which were to have profound social consequences In Act One, Marlene is depicted as a heroine of feminism and the "New Woman;" however, in Act Three, Marlene depicted in rather contrasting manner?

Why? What does this reveal about the Feminist Movement? What do these character relationships and character tensions tell us about ourselves as people, in particular women?

Why is it necessary that we continue to study and perform plays Which revolve around feminism? A Note on Feminism
From Caryl Churchill Corporate
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