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Executive Functioning

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A. May

on 20 January 2016

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Transcript of Executive Functioning

Brains are both born and built:

A large portion of our Executive Functioning Skills are developed between the ages of 3-5 -- when our brains are still very plastic and we are exposed to so many new experiences.

At this age, it is hard to tell if a child has an impairment in Executive Functioning, since all young children struggle with these types of tasks and skills. This makes it a great time to strengthen these functions in all of our students!
Working Memory
Mental Flexibility
(transitions, task changes)
(inhibition, emotional regulation)

Typically-developing children are born with the hardware to learn these skills and keep them, but impairments in cognition mean that a lot of children (1 in 68) are unable to fully develop this type of functioning.

Types of E.F.
Repetition and Memorization
Social Skills
Physical and Spatial Awareness
Internalization and Externalization
Muscle Memory
Communication and Emotional Maturity
Language and Literacy
How it Works
Impairments in E.F.
Exist as spectrum, and include ADT, ADHD, ODD, Aspergers Syndrome, and Autism Spectrum Disorder. Can be both Internalizing and Externalizing
How do Music and Movement Help?
Music and movement, including traditional Nursery Rhymes, help our children strengthen their Executive Functioning by providing:

Mnemonic Devices (Working Memory)
Prevention Techniques and Coping Strategies (Self Control and Mental Flexibility)
Kinesthestic Stimulation (Self Control)

Executive Functioning
& Music and Movement

Using Songs and Rhymes to strengthen skills associated with Executive Functioning

Alexandra May (M.Ed, B.A) Director, Rhyme and Reason Early Learning
What is Executive Functioning?
Executive Functioning describes the brain's ability to plan, pay attention, self-regulate, follow instructions, and do multiple tasks at a time.

Perhaps the best way to think of it is as an internal Air Traffic Control Centre...
Q & A
Brain Architecture and Development
Works Cited (Chronologically)
Brain Architecture. (n.d.). In The Harvard Centre for the Developing Child online database. Retrieved from http://developingchild.harvard.edu/key_concepts/brain_architecture
Executive Functioning. (n.d.). In The Harvard Centre for the Developing Child online database. Retrieved from http://developingchild.harvard.edu/science/key-concepts/executive-function/
Phillips, D. A. (2013). Interventions in executive functioning. Early Brain & Biological Development: A Science in Society Symposium Summary Report, 5, 22.
Gibb, R. Lecture on The importance of parents in developing executive function and self-regulation in their children, March 2, 2015.
The Harvard Center on the Developing Child
The Harvard Center on the Developing Child
Prefrontal Cortex and Executive Functioning
Mammalian Brain

Late to Develop

-- React
-- Behave
Executive Functions
Working Memory
Mental Flexibility
(transitions, task changes)
(inhibition, emotional regulation)

Executive Functions
and Behaviours
Cause vs. Symptom

Preschool Brain Plasticity, Developing Skills, and
Ages, Stages & Phases
Challenge before Improvement!
Music and Brain Development
Full Brain Activation
Hemispheric and Sensory Integration (hearing, touch, sight)
Both Language and Music are different from other auditory stimulus in the ways they convey meaning and evoke emotions
Advanced Organizer
Basic Neuroscience --
Brain Architecture

Executive Functioning Metaphor

EF Disordering

Music and Movement as E.F. Strategies
Full transcript