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What role do the WOK play in science?

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by

Atilla Agussalam

on 19 September 2014

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Transcript of What role do the WOK play in science?

Faith
Language
Language, to humans, is a method of communication to convey a certain message through words (spoken or written) and even symbols, pictures, and graphics.

In the natural sciences, language was at first only passively viewed as the vehicle of communication scientific information. However, scientific language is now more complex and can involve symbols (hierarchies, taxonomies) and diagrams as well.
Reason
Reason deals with logic, rationality, comparison, judgement and experience; which are all words we often associate with natural sciences.

Seemingly, reason involves making a (conscious) decision and coming up with a resolution or conclusion. Natural sciences and the scientific method is also all about proving a theory and making a statement or conclusion of for a specific study.

Therefore, reason is a major way of knowing when dealing with the natural sciences. Involving oneself in order to judge the reliability of certain information and decide on what is factual and what is not by evaluating the evidence is an important step in the scientific process.
Intuition
Intuition is the ability to understand something instinctively, without the need for conscious reasoning

Intuition gives the first glimpse of patterns emerging from research.
Imagination
There are many interpretations of faith and although some contradict with the study of natural sciences; faith is also an essential part of the study.

Some important definitions:
Faith
[feyth]
noun
1. confidence or trust in a person or thing
2. belief that is not based on proof
3. belief in God or in the doctrines or teachings of religion

When a scientist begins to develop his/her hypothesis, he/she unconsciously is trying to prove something that he/she believes in. That's faith. That belief, although not based on proof will later be supported by data that will turn to faith in his/her studies.

However there is a different case with religion. Some argue that the study of natural sciences become unethical due to the nature of proving the world of existence. Science has long been known to clash with the teachings of religion, most scientist being atheists and as well as the controversy behind some theories like the evolutionary theory of Charles Darwin. Science can go against the idea of the existence of God.
Sense Perception
What role do the WOK play in science?
By: Farah, Sasqia, Atilla
Emotion
Emotion is instinctive feeling as distinguished from reasoning or knowledge, such as joy or anger. Thus, it works as the opposite of reasoning. Generally, studies regarding the natural sciences should not have emotional involvement as to prevent it from being subjective and biased. However, the 'passion' for the pursuit of scientific knowledge can also be considered as an emotion which many scientists possess.
Memory
Intuition
Many people argue that the best scientific discoveries come from intuitive flashes.

For example, the invention of polymer molecular rings was inspired by a dream by August Kekule of a serpent biting its own tail. Also, Einstein had already intuited the basic concepts of relativity before he developed the mathematics to express the ideas, later proven by observation.
Intuition
A lot of those serendipitous occurrences happen in science, such as insights during dreams or when the mind was pursuing other questions. Though much advancements have arisen from the seemingly irrational coincidences, one cannot fully rely on just intuition. However, intuition proves as a great starting point of different scientific theories and advancements.
Language
Scientific language can be used to classify and group similar thoughts and ideas. For example, in Biology, the words
peristalsis
and
bolus
are related to the umbrella process of the digestive system.

Naming things in science also provides people with a better sense of understanding because actually, "the digestive system" doesn't really exist - it's just a model to help us understand the digestive process better.

Much debate is centralized on whether or not the symbols and diagrams in science impact the way humans view and treat the world. In taxonomy, humans are always placed at the highest order, implying that humans have a higher degree of importance above other organisms. People may argue that that is one driving influence to how humans treat nature today.
Reasoning

- Scientists use both deductive (starts with a general statement or hypothesis to reach a logical conclusion) and inductive reasoning (making broad generalizations from specific examples)
- The usage of the scientific method: hypothesis, materials, procedure, observations, analysis of observations, conclusion
- Scientists use reasoning to


Sense Perception




Scientific investigations begins with an idea or an observation made by using our senses.

The scientific method: hypothesis, experiment, analysis leads back to sense perception.

In other words, sense perception and ideas are used as explanation to the natural sciences and that explanation is tested for its observed logical consequences in a "public space"--meaning that everybody, everywhere, if they follow the method, will end up with the same results.

Most of scientific theories are Empirical -> based on observation by our sense perception
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