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Monty Python and the Quest for the Holy Grail

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Caitlynn Raich

on 10 December 2014

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Transcript of Monty Python and the Quest for the Holy Grail

Black Humour
A type of humor that views human suffering as comical when in reality laughing about someone being hurt is quite unethical. Basically, it is not something you should laugh about
Intertextuality
Interdependence of literary texts based on the theory that a text is not an isolated work but a work built upon other works.
Metafiction is making the audience aware that the story is fiction, generally disregarding the necessity for willful suspension of disbelief and is often employed to undermine the authority of the author.

-Animator scene
-Book of the movie
Poioumena
The development, creation or writing of the story is the stories plot line, it’s almost like the part underneath something, the deeper meaning of what is actually going on.
Playfullness and Challenging the laws of Decency
A major theme/component of Postmodernism, that often takes a dark or serious scene, and makes is comical. Postmodernism tends to push the boundaries by using inappropriate references that involve sexual innuendoes.
Monty Python
and the Holy Grail

Baudrillard on Intertextuality
“Thus, feigning or dissimulating leaves the reality principle intact: The difference is always clear, It is only masked; whereas simulation threatens the difference between true and false between real and imaginary.”
Lyotard on Poioumena
“Of course, the meaning of the utterance has to be understood, but that is a general condition of communication and does not aid us in distinguishing the different kinds of utterances or their specific effects.”
Caitlynn, Hillarie, Antoinette, Kelly, Chelsea, Julia
Postmodernism
-Movement in the arts (literature, film, architecture) circa late 20th century

Main Concepts:
-No absolute truth
-Challenging meta-narratives
-Fragmentation
-Everything is a social construct
-Opposite of Modernism
Plot Summary
The film "Monty Python and The Holy Grail" takes place during the late 5th century during the time of king Arthur. Along with his newly assembled knights of the round table, Arthur seeks out the legendary Holy Grail as a quest from God.
Hyperreality
A condition in which what is factual and what is fiction are blended together so that there is no clear distinction between the two. What is real and what is not appear together, almost in a dream-like state.

-western civilization was irrational
-Arthur vs. Black Knight
Pastiche
Pastiche is the combination of materials, forms, motifs, etc. taken from different sources to create one new piece.
-More than one film genre
Klages on Pastiche
“From a literary perspective, the main characteristics of modernism include: a blurring of distinctions between genres, so that poetry seems more documentary, and prose seems more poetic… an emphasis on fragmented forms, discontinuous narratives, and random-seeming collages of different materials.”
Metafiction
Fictionalizes actual historical events or figures.
Example: King Arthur and the Knights of the round table, which are historical figures that have been fictionalized in the movie.
Historiographic Metafiction
Temporal Distortion
Klages on Metafiction
“Postmodernism is the critique of grand narratives, the awareness of such narratives serve to mask the contradictions and instabilities that are inherent in any social organization or practice”.
A technique that uses elements of fragmentation and non-linear to create irony in the story or timeline. The author of the film changes the scenes in the plot from present to past causing the time period to jump back and forth.
Jameson on Temporal Distortion
“It is safest to grasp the concept of the postmodern as an attempt to think the present historically in an age that has forgotten how to think historically in the first place.”
-Characters pretend to be something other than what they are
Technoculture
A culture that is centered around technology. New, better improved technology is seen, even if it contradicts the age the story was set in.

-Holy hand grenade
Paranoia
Society cannot be explained or understood, causing fear in the individuals, causing them to become paranoid of things they cannot control.
Maximalism
The addition of unnecessary things to create drama
Jessup on Maximalism
“Ideas of right and wrong become matters of personal taste, emotional preference, community standards or cultural choice.”
-Murder is wrong however they still burn the witch
Minimalism
A focus on a surface description where readers are expected to take an active role in the creation of the story.

-Quest to find Holy Grail
Fabulation
The anti-novel, a drastically new way of telling a story. The new renderings that blur traditional distinctions between what is serious and or trivial, horrible or ludicrous, tragic or comic.
-Wheelbarrow of the dead
-Coconut horses
-Eng. patient by Michael Ondaatje
-Legend of King Arthur
Magic Realism
Events are depicted in a surrealistic or strange manner. The subjects are often imaginary, somewhat outlandish and may seem very dreamlike or bizarre.
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