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Skin Diseases

By Michelle, Linda, and Debra
by

Debbie Daley Henshaw

on 15 April 2015

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Transcript of Skin Diseases

Lives in intestinal tract of deers, mice
and birds
Borrelia Burgdorferi
Sprial bacterium causative agent for Lyme disease
Transmission
Long Term Effects
For Lyme
Testing
Facts
Stage 1 : Erythema migrans rash at tick bite site

Rickettsia rickettsii
Unicellular gram-negative coccobacillus
Spotted Rash
High fever, Flu symptoms
Severe headaches
Nausea and vomiting
Lyme Disease
Testing,
Long Term Effects

Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever
Vector-Borne
Skin Diseases

Borrelia species are diderm (double-membrane)
Named after the researcher Willy Burgdorferi
Structure
A Tick bites an infected animal, becomes infected
Endosymbiotic relationship with other cells
Non-Motile, Non-spore forming aerobic organism
Adult tick are more active in
middle to late fall
Symptoms
Diagnosis, Symptoms, and Treatments
Treatments
Diagnosis
Long term effects Rocky Mt Fever
Inflammation of brain
Facial paralysis "Bells Palsy"
Treatment
Exams and Test
Complete blood count
Named after Howard Ricketts

Based on typical symptoms
Symptoms
Early Signs
Late Signs
Diarrhea
Abdominal, joint pain
Pin point reddish lesions
Antibiotics are the most effective
A tick typically must be attached to the skin for 36-48 hours or more.
Most cases of Lyme disease occur in the Northeast and
Upper Midwest

Diagnosis, Symptoms
& Treatments
Skin biopsy taken from rash
Kidney function test
High risk areas
Length of time Tick was attached
Transmission
Early diagnosis improves outcome
Antibiotics

Prevention & Facts
Diagnosis
Prevention
Stage 2: Early disseminated weeks. Flu-like illness.

Stage 3: Lyme arthritis, Neurropathy, Cardiac
One of the few pathogenic bacteria that can survive without iron
Rocky Moutnain Fever
Lyme Disease
Blood test
Assessment
Inflammation of heart and lungs
Kidney failure
Serious infection possibly amputation

Death
Multiple rashes
Memory concentration problems
Irregular heartbeat
Chronic arthritis
Weakness, numbness, or pain in
arms and legs
Avoid tall grass and wooded areas
Use 20% to 30% DEET Repellent
Wear pretreated clothing with repellents
Wear clothing that covers
Doxycycline
Chloramphenicol
Doxycycline, Amoxicillin,
or Cefuroxime Axetil
Treat Symptoms
Early diagnosis is crucial
Perform daily tick checks
Diagnosis is hard to dect
Healthcare providers must
use best judgement
Additional Diseases
Ticks also spread
Crimean-Congo Haemorrhagic fever
Relapsing fever
Q fever
Tick-borne encephalitis
Tularaemia
Most cases of Lyme disease recover
Full transcript