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Literacy

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on 18 May 2014

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Transcript of Literacy

Texting Improving Literacy?
BY GEORGE COUROS · AUGUST 22, 2011
Text Message Spelling Station Activity for Grades K, 1, 2, 3 {Literacy Station}
http://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/Text-Message-Spelling-Station-Activity-for-Grades-K-1-2-3-Literacy-Station-411955

Technological tools used to improve literacy
Video Games - Increases vocabulary as well as spelling by having to read instructions and character dialogue.

Texting - Builds foundational reading skills such as word recognition.

Helping Dyslexia - While printed material prohibits those who suffer from Dyslexia, Digital words and sounds increase their productivity.

Digital Storytelling - Children have increased confidence when they are not forced to formally present in front of a class.
http://www.newsminer.com/opinion/community_perspectives/playing-video-games-can-be-good-for-you/article_07b02cd2-801b-11e3-9d10-0019bb30f31a.html

http://powerupwhatworks.org/technology/using-texting-promote-learning-and-literacy

http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-3-642-39194-1_24

http://richlambert.edublogs.org/2009/08/02/reading-skills-improved-by-podcasting/

https://www.itsco.org/blog/build-literacy-fun-fake-texts
iFake Text - Having fun with Dialogue!
“ If we are seeing a decline in literacy standards among young children, it is in spite of text messaging, not because of it ”
Dr. Clare Wood
David Crystal
Who is David Crystal?
David Crystal’s is perhaps best known for his two encyclopedias for Cambridge University Press, The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Language and The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the English Language. Recent books include The Story of English in 100 Words (2011) and Spell it out: the singular story of English spelling (2012). Co-authored books include Words on Words (2000, a dictionary of language quotations compiled with his wife and business-partner, Hilary - Wheatley Medal, 2001) and Shakespeare’s Words (2002) and The Shakespeare Miscellany (2005), the last two in collaboration with his actor son, Ben.
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Queen Victoria - 1879
AP Images #7901010475
What is literacy? For the sake of our discussion today, and in our current day, literacy is the ability to read and comprehend what is read. To write and communicate in a manner befitting the target audience. In today's digital world communicating to an audience is more easily adapted to then not. The majority of people, young and old know when to use formal speech and when the use of the current mode of informal speech is appropriate.

Today it is text-isms, prior to that it was slang, even Queen Victoria and Shakespeare were known for playing with the English language in much the same manner. It is not a new phenomenon and does not signify an end to the literacy of our nation or people. If anything, the younger generation is becoming more literate, in thanks to, the digital age.
Cohesive Group Statement
Txt msg n school literacy: does texting and knowledge of text abbreviations adversely affect children's literacy attainment?
This study by Beverly Plester, Clare Wood and Victoria Bell in our research is one of the most cited studies in the debate about texting and literacy. It finds that in the age range of 10-12 year olds, texting is not associated with poor written language skills. Positive connections were found to exist between texting, spelling and translation exercises. Children also were shown to have a higher proficiency with verbal reasoning.
Evolution of Literacy Through Poetry
In faith, I do not love thee with mine eyes,
For they in thee a thousand errors note;
But 'tis my heart that loves what they despise,
Who in despite of view is pleased to dote;

-William Shakespeare

Never say "I'M LOVE YOU" if you really don't know
Never talk about feelings if they aren't really there
Never hold my hand if your gonna break my heart
Never say you're going to...if you don't plan to start
Never look into my eyes if all you do is lie
Never say "hi" if you really mean good bye
If you really mean forever then say "you will try"
Never say "forever" cause forever makes me cry..

-Abby Lopez

O hart tht sorz, My luv adorz, He mAks me liv, He mAks me giv, Myslf 2 him, As my luv porz.'

-Eileen Bridge
Team Literatti
Technology & Literacy
"Technology through Texting has contributed to an increase in literacy skills."

William Shakespeare
AP Images #09030905362
Credits
Team Lead - Jana Nash-Siegle
Presenters:
Jana Nash-Siegle

Research and Development
Jana Nash-Siegle
Ryan Canterbury
Contributors:
Jana Nash-Siegle
Ryan Canterbury
http://toddlizotte.com/hooksett/wp-content/uploads/downloads/2011/11/Txt-msg-n-school-literacy-Beverly-Plester.pdf
The use of text language "was actually driving the development of phonological awareness and reading skill in children", said Dr. Wood.
In an article from the web blog TEFL titled "Texting helps pupils to spell." They state that "Children who regularly use the abbreviated language of text messages are actually improving their ability to spell correctly, research suggests.
A study of eight- to 12-year-olds found that rather than damaging reading and writing, "text speak" is associated with strong literacy skills.
Researchers say text language uses word play and requires an awareness of how sounds relate to written English.
This link between texting and literacy has proved a surprise, say researchers.
These latest findings of an ongoing study at the University of Coventry contradict any expectation that prolonged exposure to texting will erode a child's ability to spell.
Instead it suggests that pupils who regularly use text language - with all its mutations of phonetic spelling and abbreviations - also appear to be developing skills in the more formal use of English.
http://tefl-brazil.blogspot.com/2010/08/texting-helps-pupils-to-spell.html
The research, part-funded by the British Academy, suggests that texting requires the same "phonological awareness" needed to learn correct spellings.
So when pupils replace or remove sounds, letters or syllables - such as "l8r" for "later" or "hmwrk" for "homework" - it requires an understanding of what the original word should be.
Instead of texting being a destructive influence on learners, the academics argue that it offers them a chance to "practise reading and spelling on a daily basis".



“It turns out that the best texters, are the best spellers.”
“The more you text, the better your literacy scores.”
“The earlier you get your mobile phone, the better your literacy scores.”
“What is texting? Texting is writing and reading.”
“The more practice you get in writing and reading, the better writer and reader you will be.”
-David Crystal
One of the additional things he discussed in this talk was that we often say, “These kids do not read,” but he quickly dismisses this as a fallacy. In fact, Crystal goes further to say that kids that text read more than what we did as children because they have more access to writing. Simply put, they do not read and write the same things that we did. Looking at my own situation, I have actually read more “books” in the last little while than I ever have, as I carry around a huge book collection all the time on my iPhone and/or iPad. The ease of access makes it a lot easier for me to read whether it is blogs, books, or yes, text messages and tweets.
http://www.edsocialmedia.com/2011/08/texting-improving-literacy/
With an increase in literacy through texting, from SMS to online communication, we now have opened more forms of creativity. A poem can now be written through a text messaging format, with improper words as if an autocorrect would have interfered. In addition, with Shakespeare's poem so proper with punctuation, the direct opposite can now occur and it, in turn, pushes boundaries that were never able to be broken.

Previously, it was slang that increased our vocabulary and added to our ingenuity. Literary geniuses held to the highest respect and honor were engaging in slang and other forms of the misuse and bending of language and vocabulary and as a result the number of items, words, and ideas continue to accumulate.

As history has shown us language will continue to evolve and give us more pathways to further ourselves. Technology through texting is just one of many doors available now to reach a creative destination, in turn contributing to an increase in overall literacy skills.
http://www.davidcrystal.com/biography
Informal vs Formal Speech
Increasing Literacy
http://www.antimoon.com/how/formal-informal-english.htm
http://www.antimoon.com/how/formal-informal-english.htm
Formal speech is used in serious texts and conversations, professional situations.
Informal Speech is used for every day conversations, personal letters, a casual situation.
http://www.litera.co.uk/short_poems_william_shakespeare/
http://www.smsdish.com/sms-category-Love-Poems.html
(cell phone & online communication)
Texting teaches our young people to target audiences.

and as Director of the Center for the Study and Teaching of Writing; and Associate Professor and Director of Writing at the University of British Columbia (1977-86). Currently also a member of the faculty of the Bread Loaf School of English, Professor Lunsford earned her B.A. and M.A. degrees from the University of Florida, and completed her Ph.D. in English at The Ohio State University (1977)) organized a huge project known as the Standford Study of Writing for the purpose of scrutinizing college student's prose.

From 2001 to 2006, she collected 14, 672 samples, from in-class assignments, formal essays, journal entries to emails, blogs and chat sessions. According to Lunsford, "I think we're in the midst of a literacy revolution the likes of which we haven't seen since Greek civilization.” In her opinion, technology isn't destroying the ability to write, it's actually reviving the ability, and pushing the nations literacy into bold new directions.

According to this study, she has found that young people write more today than any prior generation. This is due to the ability of online socializing which inherently revolves around text. In the above sampling of writing, 38 percent took place outside of the classroom, “life writing”, as Lunsford prefers to call it. Lunsford's team discovered some amazing conclusions, such as the ability of students to be very adept at kairos, the ability to assess the audience and adapting one's tone and writing technique to get their point across succinctly. According to her, this new world of online writing and communication, in chat rooms, on discussion boards, is conversational and public. This relates it to the Greek tradition of argument more than the letter and essay writing of 50 years ago.

http://archive.wired.com/techbiz/people/magazine/17-09/st_thompson
Andrea Lunsford, (Professor of English and Director of the Program in Writing and Rhetoric, joined the Stanford faculty in March, 2000. Prior to this appointment, Lunsford was Distinguished Professor of English at The Ohio State University (1986-00), where she served as Vice Chair of the Department of English, as Chair of the University Writing Board,
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David Crystal has been a consultant, contributor, or presenter on several radio and television programmes and series. These include The Story of English (BBC TV, 8 x 1 hour series 1986, consultant), The Story of English (radio version, 18 x 30-min series, BBC World Service, 1987, writer and presenter), several series on English for BBC Radio 4, Radio 5, and BBC Wales during the 1980s and 1990s (as writer and presenter), and The Routes of English (as consultant and contributor). Other television work includes Back to Babel (Infonation and Discovery Channel, 4 x 1-hour series, 2000, as consultant and continuity contributor), Blimey (BBC Knowledge, 3 x 1-hour series, 2001, as continuity contributor), The Routes of Welsh (BBC1, 6 x 30-min series, 2002, as consultant and contributor), The Way that We Say It (BBC Wales, 50-min, 2005, consultant and co-presenter), The Word on the Street (BBC1, 2005, 30 mins, as consultant), Voices of the World (Final Cut, 2005, as consultant and contributor), and several programmes for Open University television, beginning with Grammar Rules (1980, as writer and presenter). He was the consultant for the BBC Voices project in 2005 and was consultant for the British Library ‘Evolving English’ exhibition (November 2010 to April 2011), and author of the accompanying book.
David Crystal is currently patron of the International Association of Teachers of English as a Foreign Language (IATEFL) and the Association for Language Learning (ALL), president of the UK National Literacy Association, and an honorary vice-president of the Royal College of Speech and Language Therapists, the Institute of Linguists, and the Society for Editors and Proofreaders. He is a past honorary president of the National Association for Professionals concerned with Language-Impaired Children, the International Association of Forensic Phonetics, and the Society of Indexers. He was Sam Wanamaker Fellow at Shakespeare’s Globe in 2003-4 and was honorary president of the Johnson Society for 2005-6. He has also been a member of the Board of the British Council and of the English-Speaking Union. He received an OBE for services to the English language in 1995, and was made a Fellow of the British Academy (FBA) in 2000.
To form our Literacy definition the following resources were utilized:

* http://www.edc.org/newsroom/articles/what_literacy
* Underation, Chris. "Can't We All Get Along? Content, Technology And The Battle For Literacy." Journal Of Literacy & Technology 12.3 (2011): p. 89.Education Research Complete. Web. 12 May 2014.
https://drive.google.com/?tab=wo&authuser=0#folders/0B9mrJu-KEMGtYXJWaDdFTkkxMXM

Supporting Statements and Research Sources

* Informal vs Formal Speech (both graphs)
http://www.antimoon.com/how/formal-informal-english.htm

* Increasing Literacy (Poems and Team Opinion)
http://www.litera.co.uk/short_poems_william_shakespeare/
http://www.smsdish.com/sms-category-Love-Poems.html

* Texting Improving Literacy – by George Couros, August 22, 2011
http://www.edsocialmedia.com/2011/08/texting-improving-literacy/

* George Couros Interview of David Crystal Video
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Boj8VYzDAy8XXXXX

* Who is David Crystal?
http://www.davidcrystal.com/biography

* " 2b or not to b" by David Crystal
www.theguardian.com/...yreviewsfeatres.guardianreview

* National Literacy Trust – Statements About Writing Graph
https://mguhlin.edublogs.org/category/graphs/


Resource Links
* Ann Lunsford
http://archive.wired.com/techbiz/people/magazine/17-09/st_thompson

* Txt msg n school literacy (PDF is actual study)
http://tefl-brazil.blogspot.com/2010/08/texting-helps-pupils-to-spell.html
http://toddlizotte.com/hooksett/wp-content/uploads/downloads/2011/11/Txt-msg-n-school-literacy-Beverly-Plester.pdf

* Technological Tools Used To Improve Literacy
http://www.newsminer.com/opinion/community_perspectives/playing-video-games-can-be-good-for-you/article_07b02cd2-801b-11e3-9d10-0019bb30f31a.html
http://powerupwhatworks.org/technology/using-texting-promote-learning-and-literacy
http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-3-642-39194-1_24
http://richlambert.edublogs.org/2009/08/02/reading-skills-improved-by-podcasting/

* Text Message Spelling Station Game
http://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/Text-Message-Spelling-Station-Activity-for-Grades-K-1-2-3-Literacy-Station-411955

* iFake Text
https://www.itsco.org/blog/build-literacy-fun-fake-texts

* Poetry Contest winner
http://ibnlive.in.com/news/lovelorn-oldie-wins-sms-poetry-contest/39756-13.html
Resource Links
Full transcript