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Transcript of Classical Music
By: Sera Todwong and Madison Tinsley
Some famous composers of this genre of music you might recognize are: Ludwig Van Beethoven, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Johann Sebastian Bach, and that's just to name a few.
Most classical music has a clear tune and pitch.
Classical music is known for being loud one second and quiet the next a little like Romantic music (1820-1915) started by Ludwig Van Beethoven, who was a classical composer, but his music was so much different from regular classical music he started a new age in music history.
Roots of Classical Music
Classical music era ranged from (1150-1220)
Originated in the Catholic church.
Spans roughly 80 years during the 18th and 19th centuries called "Age of Reason".
5 different periods of Classical music- Medieval, Renaissance, Baroque, Classical & Romantic.
The reason why the Classical period is called "classical" music is because it refers to Classical Greece.
Romanticism implies fantasy, spontaneity and sensuality
Classical period focused on structural clarity and emotional restraint. Classical music was expressive but not so passionate
Beethoven was in some way responsible igniting the flame of Romanticism and always struggled to maintain that balance
Many composers of the Romantic period followed Beethoven's model and found their own balance between emotional intensity and Classical form. Others reveled in the new atmosphere of artistic freedom and created music whose structure was designed to support its emotional surges
Musical story-telling became increasingly important and not just in opera but in instrumental music as well
New instruments were added to the orchestra and composers experimented with ways to get new sounds from existing instruments
Color was another important feature of Romantic music. A large palette of musical colors was necessary to depict the exotic scenes that became so popular
In addition to seeking out the sights and sounds of other places, composers began exploring the music of their native countries. Nationalism became a driving force in the late Romantic period and composers wanted their music to express their cultural identity.
The Romantic period was the heyday of the virtuoso
Exceptionally gifted performers (particularly pianists, violinists, and singers) became enormously popular
Baroque music was highly ornate, colorful and rich textured when compared with the other eras
Opera was born at what is considered to be the very beginning of this era
Music's ability to express emotion and depict natural phenomenon was very popular throughout this era
Homophonic handwriting became increasingly important
Homophonic music features a clear distinction between the melody line and an subsidiary accompaniment part
Orchestra evolved during the early Baroque starting as an accompanist for opera and vocal music
By the mid-1600's the orchestra had a life of its own
The late Baroque style was very complex and melodically ornate
It is the longest and most distant period of musical history and it includes the Gregorian chant and Polyphony
The Gregorian Chant is monophonic meaning it is music that consists of only one melodic line without accompaniment
Polyphony is where 2 or more melodic lines are heard simultaneously. They did not exist until the 11th century
Unlike the chant, polyphony required the participation of a composer to combine the melodic lines in a pleasing manner.
The composers of the early Classical period decided to write music that s much simpler in texture
Homophony dominated the Classical style and new forms of composition were developed to accommodate the transformation
Sonata form is by far the most important of these forms and continues to evolve throughout the Classical period
Although Baroque composers also wrote Sonatas, the Classical sonata was quite different
One of the most important developments was the growth of the public concert- which means that concerts were no longer limited to palace drawing rooms
composers started organizing concerts featuring their own music and often attracted larger audiences
The increasing popularity of public concerts had a strong impact on the growth of the orchestra
Although chamber music and solo works were played in the home or other intimate settings, orchestra concerts seemed to be naturally designed for big public spaces
Symphonic music (including opera and oratorio) became more extroverted in character
composers gradually expanded the size of the orchestra to accommodate this expanded musical vision
Subgroups: Timeline of Classical Music
Air by Johann Sebastian Bach
In the mid- 1500s, a prominent bishop commented that music composed for the church should reflect the meaning of the words so that the listeners would be moved to piety.
To suggest Medieval composers had no desire to write expressive music would be unfair but the rediscovery of ancient Greek ideals in the Renaissance the persuasive writing that inspired many musicians to explore the many possibilities of the art
Sacred music was still predominant though secular music became more prevalent and more sophisticated
New instruments were invented like the clavichord and the virginal (keyboard instruments) and many existing instruments were improved
If ye love me by Thomas Tallis
Ma fin est mon commencement et mon commencement ma fin (My end is my beginning and my beginning my end)
by Guillaume de Machaut
Guillaume de Machaut
Liebestraum (Love Dream)
by Franz Liszt\
Moonlight Sonata by Ludwig v. Beethoven
Classical music conjured up the art and philosophy of Ancient Greece and Rome.
Classical music had nice balance proportion and disciplined expression.
Baroque weaved itself into classical music.
Spans roughly 80 years
Style: One Melody
Ludwig Van Beethoven
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Born: December 16, 1770 in Bonn
Died: March 26, 1827 in Vienna,
Famous pieces include:
Ode to Joy
Late in life went completely deaf
At young age father forced hours of
Often known as grumpy
Started the Romantic era of music
Born: January 27, 1756 in Salzburg, Austria
Died: December 5, 1791 in Vienna, Austria
Famous pieces include:
Eine Kleine Nachtmusic
Rondo alla Turka
Wrote over 600 pieces of music
Starting composing at the age of 5
Played for royalty since the age of 6
Died very poor
Mozart could listen to a song memorize it
and write it down with few to no mistakes.
String: Violins, Violas, Cellos, Double Basses.
Woodwind: Clarinets, Bassoons, Oboes, Cor Anglais
Classical music has a very broad variety of forms, styles, and genres, so classical instroments has a large variety of instruments.
Timeline of Classical Music
Mozart is born
Mozart wrote 1st
In Vienna the Waltz
a popular classic song
Mozarts "the Marriage
of Figars" premeared
Mozarts "Cosi Fan Tutle"
The Paris Conervatory of
Music was founded
The first beginnings of Romantic are born