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Transcript of Scandinavia
Vikings- Scandinavian warriors who raided Europe and the Mediterranean in the early Middle Ages
*Excellent sailors with longboats to attack villages.
Conquered the British Isles, Finland, parts of France, Germany & Russia.
Established settlements in Iceland in the 800s & Greenland in the 900s
Leif Eriksson: first European to reach Newfoundland, off coast of Canada
1100s- Viking raids ended. Concentrated on strengthening their kingdom
Middle Ages: three kingdoms-Norway, Sweden, Denmark- competed for power
1st) Denmark had upperhand & by 1300's Denmark ruled a union of all Scandinavian kingdoms and territories.
-Sweden challenged Denmark's power
-Sweden left its union with Denmark and took Finland.
Later, Sweden won control of Norway
1900's: Scandinavians wanted independence
Norway won from Sweden
Finland became independent after centuries of foreign domination by Sweden and Russia.
-Iceland: independent in 1944
Greenland remains part of Denmark as a self-ruling territory
Have much in common; political views, languages, religion to unite the region
-Large, wealthy cities
Worlds highest standards of living
-Each country provides its citizens with excellent social programs and services such as FREE HEALTH CARE.
-Among most peaceful, stable, and prosperous nations in the world!
Largest & most populous
Most Swedes live in south in large towns and cities
80% of Swedes live in urban areas
Stockholm- Swedens capital & largest city
"Floating city" because it is built on 14 islands & part of mainland
200 years; Sweden has been NEUTRAL! (chosen not to take sides in international conflict)
Plays an active role in the United Nations and the European Union
Smallest & most densely populated country with 333 people per square mile
50% of Denmarks land is used for farming
-Exports: Farm goods, meat and dairy products
-Modern industries including iron, steel, textiles and electronics
-Geographically part of North America but is a territory of Denmark
-Thick ice sheet covers 80% of the island
-Uninhabitable- not able to support human settlement
Most live on southwest coast where climate is the warmest
Recently: movement of complete independence from Denmark is popular
Economic problems make independence unlikely
Greenland relies heavily on imports and economic aid from Denmark
Has one of the longest coastlines in the world
Fjords shelter Norway's many harbors
Fishing and shipping fleets are among largest in world
Oslo, Norway's capital, country's leading seaport and industrial center
Valuable resources: oil and natural gas; highest GDP in Scandinavia.
North Sea oil fields expected to run dry over the next century
Refused to join the EU despite strong economic ties to rest of Europe
Easternmost country; between Sweden and Russia
Capital & largest city= Helsinki on southern coast
Trade is IMPORTANT
Paper and forest products= major exports
Shipbuilding and electronics are important industries also
Fertile farmland produces potatoes and vegetables & supports cattle and sheep
Natural resources: fish are 70% of exports
Steam from hot springs & geysers produce geothermal energy; heats many of Icelands buildings
Geysers: springs that shoot hot water and steam into the air