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Non-violent Civil Disobedience

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asmaa tahlil

on 7 October 2013

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Transcript of Non-violent Civil Disobedience

Civil Resistance
Mahatma Gandhi
Roots of Civil disobedience
What is Non-violent resistance?

What do know about Civil Disobedience?
Martin Luther King
Rosa Parks
Coined the term “civil disobedience” in the title of his essay arguing in favor of non-violent opposition to slavery.
"peaceful resistance to a government by fasting or refusing to cooperate"
(Oxford Dictionary. 2013)
Violent resistance
Non-violent resistance
Nonviolent Resistance
Mahatma Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, India
Gandhi became a leader of India's independence movement, organizing boycotts against British institutions in peaceful forms of civil disobedience
As a pioneer of Satyagraha, or resistance through mass non-violent civil disobedience, he became one of the major political and spiritual leaders of his time.
After independence in 1947, he tried to stop the Hindu-Muslim conflict in Bengal, a policy which led to his assassination in Delhi by Nathuram Godse, a Hindu fanatic.
Even after his death, Gandhi's commitment to non-violence and his belief in simple living--making his own clothes, eating a vegetarian diet, and using fasts for self-purification as well as a means of protest -- have been a inspiration of hope for people throughout the world

Quote: ““Nonviolence is a weapon of the strong.”

*Martin Luther King Jr. was born on January 15, 1929, in Atlanta, Georgia.
*In 1955, Rosa Parks denied to give up her seat to a white person and was put in jail
Martin and other black leaders planned a boycott of the buses The 382 days it lasted.
* President Kennedy proposed a Civil Rights Act to Congress in 1963.
A march was organized on Washington D.C. to support the bill

On August 28, 1963, more than 200,000 people gathered in Washington, D.C. where Martin Luther King give the famous speech “ I have a dream>”

* April 4, 1968, was assassinated while standing on the balcony at his motel room Memphis, Tennessee.

***Quote: “Darkness cannot drive out darkness: only light can do that. Hate cannot drive out hate: only love can do that.”

Martin Luther King Jr.
*Nelson Mandela was born as Rolhlaka Mandela in Transkei, South Africa on July 18, 1918.
Nelson Mandela always wanted to help free black people form Apartheid.
*Nelson Mandela went to prison for battling South African apartheid and planning to overthrow the government by violence.
*On June 12, 1964, eight of the accused members of the African National Congress including Mandela, were arrested. Nelson Mandela was then released on February 11, 1990.
Nelson Mandela
Born on February 4th 1913 Tuskegee, Alabama
On December 1st 1955 as she was going on the bus home after she worked a long day as a seamstress at a Montgomery Department Store and sat at where people of color had to sit
The bus got full and, some of the white passengers were standing so the bus driver asked Rosa and some of the other people of color to give up they seats for the white passengers .
The other passengers did what the driver asked, but Rosa did not and was arrested for not giving up her seat
That evening when Rosa Parks was detained the head of the NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People) decided to started plans for the African American Community to not go on any of the city buses and lasted for 381 days.
Due to the loss of revenue, Montgomery had to lift segregation on the buses.
The boycott ended on December 20, 1956.

Rosa Parks
Case Scenarios
Mahatma Gandhi led the Salt March in protest against the government monopoly on salt production in 1913. Gandhi and his supporters began a long, expanding March to produce salt and transport it without paying the tax. If you were to support civil disobedience and participated in the protest, what could have you done to make it impactful and fight for your rights? What do you think could be the consequences that you would face?

Clips of the Salt March
If you heard on the news that security forces raided two protest areas in Cairo to clear out supporters of ousted President Mohamed Morsi and that at least 278 people have been reported killed and more than 2000 injured. In your opinion, what kind of protest is happening in Egypt? Do you support such kind of protest, where there is lot bloodshed and people are getting killed while protesting against the suppressors by using weapons and throwing stones at them? What could you suggest different if you are a supporter of civil disobedience?

Keystone Pipeline
Quote Matching
Task match the appropriate picture with a quote

David Suzuki
David T. Suzuki was born in 1936 in Vancouver, B.C also with his twin sister Marcia in 1936.
The Suzuki family was sent to confinement in 1942, following the Japanese attacks on Pearl Harbor.
Following the war, in 1954, David enrolled in Amherst College which is in Massachusetts on a scholarship.
In 1958, David graduated from Amherst where he earned his PhD in Zoology from the University of Chicago and returned to Canada.
In 1979, hosted a show called o 'The Nature of Things' which was a huge hit and is still airing after 30 years. this show has become one of the well-liked shows in Canada .
He has founded the David Suzuki Foundation which is an organization that finds new inventive ways to help protect the world from harmful agents
Now David Suzuki has committed himself to educating other people about the natural world. 

The keystone XL Pipeline is a pipeline project ,which Canada ,in collaboration with the United States is seeking to implement to transport oil from the oil sands of Alberta extending south towards Nebraska.
In protest of the scheduled pipeline, many leaders who are influential from business, environment, labour and more staged varied acts of civil disobedience
One of the members who is opposed of the pipeline is David Suzuki
Through sit-ins in Washington at the main gate of the white house, it was derailed
As of late Prime Minister Harper has said that the pipeline will go ahead.

Keystone XL Pipeline
Do you think that Nelson Mandela is a follower of civil disobedience?
Modern Examples
“If we don’t pay attention to [nonviolent protests], they are invisible, and it’s as if they never happened. But I have seen first hand that if we do, they will multiply.” Julia Bacha
Bradley Manning: A whistleblower or a traitor
Whistleblowing Is the New Civil Disobedience
What's the goal of the Idle No More protests?
How did Idle No More get started?
Chief Theresa Spence's Hunger Strike
What is Bill C-45?
A Love Letter to Harper From the Oil Industry.
Idle No MORE
What has been Prime Minister Stephen Harper's response to the Idle No More movement?
A photo op??
* Nelson Mandela always wanted to help free black people form Apartheid.
* Apartheid:: “apartness” or “separateness “a former social system in South Africa in which black people and people from other racial groups did not have the same political and economic rights as white people and were forced to live separately from white people “ ( Merriam- Webster, 2013)
“History Rewind: Gandhi's Funeral 1948.” 2013. The History Channel website. Oct 2 2013, 11:54 http://www.history.comhttp://www.history.com/videos/history-rewind-gandhis-funeral-1948.
Bio.Truestore. “ Nelson Mandela.Biograph” .A + E telvision Net work LLC.Web.2013

Bio.Truestore. “Martin Luther King Jr.” A + E telvision Net work LLC.Web.201

Botman, Selma. Egypt from Independence to Revolution, 1919-1952. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse UP, 1991. Print.

Nelson Mandela always wanted to help free black people form Apartheid.
Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory. “The life & times of Nelson Mandela.” Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory, N.D Web.2013.

Nobleprize.org. “ The Nobel pace prize1993”. Question and Answers. Nobel Media AB 2. N.D. Web. 2013

Rick HampsonUSA T. '13 Washington march looks to future. USA Today [serial online]. n.d.:Available from: Canadian Points of View Reference Centre, Ipswich, MA. Accessed October 2, 2013.

Slade S. Choosing Civil Disobedience. U.S. News Digital Weekly [serial online]. August 9, 2013;5(32):23. Available from: Canadian Points of View Reference Centre, Ipswich, MA. Accessed October 2, 2013.

SOLOMON E. John Bennett on Keystone XL pipeline project. CBC Radio [serial online]. February 2, 2013;Available from: Canadian Points of View Reference Centre, Ipswich, MA. Accessed October 2, 2013.

The Non-Violent Resistance Movement Against Segregation.James W. Vander Zanden .American Journal of Sociology , Vol. 68, No. 5 (Mar., 1963), pp. 544-550

“If you saw incredible, awful things, things that belonged in the public domain, and not on some server in a dark room in Washington, what would you do?” – Bradley Manning
( 1817 – 1862)
The video is about Arrests following civil disobedience action on immigration reform in D.C.
Full transcript