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Save The Monk Seal

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Alichai Cordova

on 12 April 2016

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Transcript of Save The Monk Seal

How is the Mediterranean monk seal endangered
Save The Mediterranean monk seal.
Where can we find the Mediterranean monk seal?
A new colony of EDGE mammal number 25 the Mediterranean Monk Seal (Monachus monachus) has been found in a remote, secret location in Greece.
Mediterranean monk seal
diet
When searching for food, Mediterranean monk seals usually stay close to shore and prefer shallow reefs where the currents and productive seabed provide the best foraging conditions. When facing food scarcity, however, they are capable of covering extensive distances in order to find new feeding grounds (Kiortsis & Veriopoulos 1984, Marchessaux 1989, Gazo et al. 1998 in Mo 1999). Although no definitive migration of the species is known (Boulva 1979, Duguy & Marchessaux 1992), seasonal movements, possibly following the migration routes of fish, have been frequently reported in the past (Maigret 1976 in Scoullos et al. 1994, Avella and González 1984 in Scoullos et al. 1994, Matsakis ed. 1985, Jacobs & Panou 1988). Reports from the Black Sea suggest that monk seals regularly visited the fish-rich area of the Danube delta in search of food (Sergeant et al. 1978) and used to pursue schools of bluefish tuna during their migration (Berkes et al. 1979).




Where can you find a Mediterranean Monk Seal
You can find the Mediterranean Monk Seal in the Mediterranean sea.
What does the Mediterranean monk seal look like?
Adult Mediterranean monk seals can be any color from dark brown or black to light grey. They are usually light gray along the belly. Pups have a black woolly coat and a white or yellow patch on the belly.Adult males are on average about 2.4m in length and females are slightly shorter. Males weigh about 315 kg and females weigh about 300 kg.
Hunting
This shore loving, easy to approach seal was slaughtered in droves for food by early seafaring explorers and native peoples alike. It is still sometimes killed by fishers who see it as competition for food fish.

Pollution
Pollution, particularly human waste, fouls the water and kills the monk seal’s food. Even after an 18 year clean up effort, still only 30 percent of the Mediterranean monk sea’s coastal towns and cities had sewage treatment plants by 1993. In addition, tons of industrial and agricultural pollutants and sediments flow into the Mediterranean from its feeder rivers and streams.

Disturbance by Humans
The shy monk seal is easily disturbed by humans, and most remaining Mediterranean monk seals come ashore only in small, hidden coastal caves and beaches. Continued population growth of Mediterranean countries brings increased beach use, boat traffic, and overfishing of the monk seal’s prey. Long-line and net fisheries also injure and drown monk seals.
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