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Philippine Art History 1950 - 1970
Transcript of Philippine Art History 1950 - 1970
Ethnology National Museum Philippine Art History Planetarium The National Museum Visual Arts Collection The National Museum, in pursuance of its mandate of preserving and protecting National Cultural Treasures and important cultural properties of the nation, maintains a reference collection on the visual arts through the Arts Division. This entire art collection constitutes a large portion of the artistic patrimony of the nation and one of our legacies to the coming generations. National Museum Archaeological Collection Old Stone Age (Palaeolithic Period) Timeline of the Philippine art. 1950's National Museum Ethnographic Collection The Anthropology Division started collecting ethnographic artifacts since the creation of the National Museum of the Philippines. Anthropologists Dr. Henry Otley Beyer began collecting cultural materials from the different peoples of the Philippines ranging from baskets, weapons, textiles, and wooden objects to various religious, economic and agricultural tools and implements, musical instruments and personal ornaments and adornments. During the World War II, these artifacts were distributed to friends and colleagues for safekeeping. Several years after the war, Dr. Beyer began to retrieve all these materials and found most to be intact and in good condition except for some that were badly damaged. (1950-1970) The idea of putting up a modern Planetarium in Manila was conceived in 1970’s by the former National Museum Director Godofredo Alcasid Sr. with the assistance of Mr. Maximo P. Sacro, Jr. of the Philippine Weather bureau (now PAGASA) and one of the founders of the Philippine Astronomical Society (PAS).
The project was presented to the former First Lady Mrs. Imelda R. Marcos, then the Chairman of the National Parks and Development Committee (NPDC). As one of her priority projects, Mrs. Marcos requested the Department of Public Works and Highways to prepare the Planetarium in one month time and allocate the funds for the construction. Construction of the building started in 1974 and took nine months to finish it. It was formally inaugurated on October 8, 1975.
The Planetarium’s primary function is to disseminate astronomical information through planetarium shows, lectures, demonstrations, exhibits and actual celestial observations. The unique feature of the Planetarium is the true-to-life showing of astronomical bodies that captures the interest and tickles the imagination of viewers.
Now totaling 1,032, the collection is composed of easel paintings, sculptures, icons, sketches and mixed media, and span the 18th century to the late 21st century. However, there are artworks in the collection that are still undergoing accession proceedings. The Division undertakes and supervises the periodic inspection and maintenance under the supervision of an art conservator. The visual art collection of the National Museum serves as a perpetual chronicle of the development of Philippine art and a showcase of the achievements and aspirations of Filipino visual artists. 1960's 1970's The Philippine Art Gallery (PAG) was founded with young modernists as the leading figures. Emergence of different schools of thought Rodriguez is acknowledged in the cultural community as a pioneer of Philippine graphic art. Serigraph or printing through silk-screen was the method used by the artist in creating this series.Rodriguez is acknowledged in the cultural community as a pioneer of Philippine graphic art. Serigraph or printing through silk-screen was the method used by the artist in creating this series. One of the leading contempo-rary painters, created an experimental art and captured in glass one of the highlights of Philippine tradition, the harana (serenade).Arturo Luz, one of the leading contempo-rary painters, created an experimental art and captured in glass one of the highlights of Philippine tradition, the harana (serenade). The style of Ang Kiukok represents his negative view of reality - full of suffering, poverty, cruelty, and violence. Ang Kiukok Manuel Rodriguez, Sr. Arturo Luz Carlos “Botong” Francisco Another fine example of a historical painting is the First Mass at Limasawa by Botong Francisco. The artwork, which was commissioned by the national government, was created to commemorate the 400 years of Philippine Christianization which was held in Cebu in 1965. Vicente S. Manansala The painting depicts the planting of the cross in Cebu in 1521 with Ferdinand Magellan, Spanish soldiers and the natives with intricate tattoos known as pintados. The subject Mother and Child is very popular among visual artists. The National Museum prides itself with this Mother and Child sculpture created by Napoleon V. Abueva, a pioneer of Philippine modern sculpture. Napoleon Abueva Most of the artists in the 1960’s continued to produce important works in this period. Emergence of different movements such as People’s Art or Art for the Masses, Protest Art, Social Realism, and the institutionalization of the National Artist Award (1972). 11 National Artists whose works are represented in the collection:
Fernando C. Amorsolo-1972 (Painting)
Carlos V. Francisco-1973 (Painting)
Guillermo E. Tolentino-1973 (Sculpture)
Victorio C. Edades-1974 (Painting)
Napoleon V. Abueva-1976 (Sculpture)
Vicente S. Manansala-1981 (Painting)
Cesar T. Legaspi-1990 (Painting)
Hernando R. Ocampo-1991 (Painting)
Arturo V. Luz-1997 (Painting)
Jerry E. Navarro-1999 (Painting/Sculpture)
Ang Kiukok-2001 (Painting) Land bridges connected the archipelago to mainland Asia. Prehistoric man survived by hunting and gathering and used tools made from stones. They lived in caves and rock shelters close to the source of water. New Stone Age (Neolithic Period) With the rise of the sea level and the disappearance of the land bridges, ancient man adapted to the new environment. He moved out of caves and settled along the coast. He polished stone tools and other implements for working wood, reaping and chopping. He also engaged in pottery-making, fashioned ornaments from stones, shells and bones. Metal Age The use of metals changed the life of ancient man. He made more efficient tools and fashioned jewelry out of metals. He also engaged in weaving, cultivation of the land, boat-building and made elaborate pottery. Age of Contact with the Great Traditions of Asia This period is characterized by the appearance of ceramic wares such as highly fired tradeware. It includes the ceramics of the Tang, Sung, Yuan, Ming and the Ching dynasties. The local pottery made during this time is standard in style and less elaborate. Its style shows influences coming from tradeware. The End Mayronnette Balasbas