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Classic Argument vs. Rogerian Argument

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by

Lisa Pregent

on 21 February 2014

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Transcript of Classic Argument vs. Rogerian Argument

Appeals (2)
Agenda
Overview of Classic Argumentation
History
Arrangement
Support and Appeals
Rogerian Argument
Point of Contact: Trend, Claims, and Assumptions

2.27 - Trend and claims; Invention Notes; midterm
Appeals (1)
Arrangement of a Classic Argument
Main Claim / Thesis (226)
Grounds: evidence for claim (229)
Appeals
Support
Counterargument (231)
Concession and Qualifiers (232)
Nuanced Thesis
Appeals
1) Appeal to Logic: creating the line of reasoning
Establishes an order of steps
Steps lead up to the conclusion
2) Appeal to Emotion: calls upon the emotional state of the thinker
3) Appeal of Character: qualifies the speaker to make the argument
4) Appeal to Need: connects to thinker's needs
5) Appeal to Value: calls upon the thinker's values
Classic Argument vs. Rogerian Argument
"Argument is the art of persuading people how to think...it is creating a line of reasoning for the thinker to follow..."
Writing with Appeals
Democracy cannot thrive in a two-party system.
Democracy thrives in a two-party system.

Marketing creates a materialistic society.
Materialism creates the foundation for capitalism.

An education is essential for success in society.
An education should not be essential for success.

Write an argument for perspective using all appeals
Choose a reader and hand in written work
Classical vs. Rogerian Argument
Arrangement of a Rogerian Argument
Introduction of issue without thesis
First perspective / claim
Grounds: support and appeals
Transitional counterarguments, concessions, and qualifiers
Second perspective / claim
Grounds: support and appeals
Delayed reconciliatory thesis
History of Argumentation
5 Canons of Rhetoric
Classic pieces of the art of persuasion:
1) Invention (developing your argument)
2) Arrangement (structure and organization)
3) Style (how; technique)
4) Memory
5) Delivery
Rogerian, not Relativism
"If that's what you believe..."
"To each his own..."
"Everyone is entitled to his or her opinion, right?..."
(break)
Appeals: connection between the topic and the reader's thought process
To Logic
To Emotion
To Character
To Need
To Value
1.1 Grounds: Appeals
1.2 Grounds: Support
Support: substance and evidence for your claim
Examples
Allusions
Personal testimonies
Scenarios
Statistics
Authorities
Facts
Full transcript